Behavior Analysis and Learning

ISBN-10: 0805862609

ISBN-13: 9780805862607

Edition: 4th 2008

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Description: Behavior Analysis and Learning is an essential textbook covering the basic principles in the field of behavior analysis and learned behaviors. Both active researchers, the authors are disciples of a coherent theory - experimental analysis of behavior - pioneered by B. F. Skinner. Using this theory as a base to explain human behavior, researchers must understand the interactions between an individual and his or her environment. Expanding on concepts of the past editions, this book: is an advanced introductory text on operant conditioning from a very consistent Skinnerian perspective; covers a range of principles from basic respondent conditioning through applied behavior analysis into cultural design; treats the topic from a consistent world view of selectionism; elaborates on Darwinian components and biological connections with behavior; and expands most chapters with revised references and additional citations. The material presented in this book provides the reader with the best available foundation inbehavior science. The discovery of functional relations between the organism and the environment constitute the objective foundation for this book. These functional relationships are described, and their application in accounting for old behavior and generating new behavior is illustrated. As such, this book is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology or other behavior-based disciplines.

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Book details

List price: $120.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 5/5/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 448
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.090
Language: English

Foreword
Preface
A Science of Behavior: Perspective, History, and Assumptions
Science and behavior
New directions: Behavior analysis and neuroscience
Focus on: B. F. Skinner
A brief history of behavior analysis
Science and behavior: Some assumptions
Chapter summary
The Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Functional analysis of behavior
Functional analysis of the environment
Tactics of behavioral research
Focus on: Operant baselines and behavioral neuroscience
Single-subject research
Focus on: Assessment of behavior change
Advanced section: Perceiving as behavior
Chapter summary
Reflexive Behavior and Respondent Conditioning
Phylogenetic behavior
Ontogenetic behavior
Temporal relations and conditioning
Second-order respondent conditioning
On the applied side: Drug use, abuse, and complexities of respondent conditioning
Note on: Physiology and the control of preparatory responses by conditioned stimuli
Advanced section: Complex conditioning
Aspects of complex conditioning
The Rescorla-Wagner model of conditioning
Focus on: The Rescorla-Wagner equation
Chapter summary
Reinforcement and Extinction of Operant Behavior
Operant behavior
Focus on: Rewards and intrinsic motivation
Operant conditioning
Focus on: Behavioral neuroscience and operant conditioning of the neuron
Focus on: Reinforcement and problem solving
Extinction
Note on: Remembering and recalling
On the applied side: Extinction of temper tantrums
Chapter summary
Schedules of Reinforcement
Importance of schedules of reinforcement
C. B. Ferster: Schedules of reinforcement
Focus on: Science and behavior analysis
Comment on: Inner causes, schedules, and response patterns
Focus on: A system of notation
Schedules of positive reinforcement
Ratio and interval schedules of reinforcement
Focus on: Generality of schedule effects
Note on: VI schedules, reinforcement rate, and behavioral momentum
Schedule performance in transition
On the applied side: Schedules and cigarettes
Advanced section: Schedule performance
Chapter summary
Aversive Control of Behavior
Contingencies of punishment
Quick tip: Procedures to reduce rate of response
Focus on: Use of punishment in treatment
Contingencies of negative reinforcement
Focus on: An analysis of avoidance behavior
Side effects of aversive procedures
Focus on: Social defeat, aversion to social contact, and behavioral neuroscience
On the applied side: Coercion and its fallout
Note on: The definition of coercion
Chapter summary
Operant-Respondent Interrelationships and the Biological Context of Conditioning
Analysis of operant-respondent contingencies
Note on: Operants and respondents
The biological context of conditioning
Focus on: Behavioral neuroscience, taste aversion, and urges for addictive behavior
On the applied side: Activity anorexia and interrelations between eating and physical activity
Advanced section: The nature of autoshaped responses
Chapter summary
Stimulus Control
Differential reinforcement and discrimination
Focus on: Stimulus control, neuroscience, and what birds see
Stimulus control and multiple schedules
Focus on: Discrimination and the "bird-brained" pigeon
Focus on: Determinants of behavioral contrast
Generalization
Errorless discrimination and fading
Complex stimulus control
Focus on: Concept formation by pigeons
On the applied side: The pigeon as a quality control inspector
Chapter summary
Choice and Preference
Experimental analysis of choice and preference
The matching law
Choice, foraging, and behavioral economics
Focus on: Activity anorexia and substitutability of food and wheel running
Matching and single-operant schedules of reinforcement
On the applied side: Application of the quantitative law of effect
Advanced section: Quantification of choice and generalized matching
Focus on behavioral neuroscience, matching, and sensitivity
Chapter summary
Conditioned Reinforcement
Note on: Clicker training
Chain schedules and conditioned reinforcement
Focus on: Backward chaining
Determinants of conditioned reinforcement
Focus on: Behavioral neuroscience and conditioned reinforcement
Delay reduction and conditioned reinforcement
Generalized conditioned reinforcement
On the applied side: The token economy
Advanced section: Quantification and delay reduction
Chapter summary
Correspondence Relations: Imitation and Rule-Governed Behavior
Correspondence and observational learning
Focus on: Behavioral neuroscience, mirror neurons, and imitation
On the applied side: Training generalized imitation
Focus on: Rules, observational learning, and self-efficacy
Rule-governed behavior
Focus on: Instructions and contingencies
Focus on: Following rules and joint control
Chapter summary
Verbal Behavior
Language and verbal behavior
Focus on: Speaking and evolution of the vocal tract
Verbal behavior: Some basic distinctions
Operant functions of verbal behavior
Research on verbal behavior
Additional verbal relations: Intraverbals, echoics, and textuals
Analysis of complex behavior in the laboratory
Focus on: Reports of private events by pigeons
Symbolic behavior and stimulus equivalence
Focus on: Behavioral neuroscience and derived conceptual relations
On the applied side: Three-term contingencies and natural speech
Advanced section: A formal analysis of manding and tacting
Chapter summary
Applied Behavior Analysis
Characteristics of applied behavior analysis
Research in applied behavior analysis
Focus on: Personalized system of instruction and precision teaching
Applications of behavior principles
Focus on: Autism, mirror neurons, and applied behavior analysis
The causes and prevention of behavior problems
Focus on: Conditioned overeating and childhood obesity
On the applied side: MammaCare-detection and prevention of breast cancer
Chapter summary
Three Levels of Selection: Biology, Behavior, and Culture
Evolution and natural selection
Focus on: Genetic control of a fixed action pattern
Selection by reinforcement
The selection and evolution of culture
Focus on: Metacontingencies
Chapter summary
Glossary
References
Author index
Subject index
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