Ethics and Values in Industrial-Organizational Psychology

ISBN-10: 0805833544

ISBN-13: 9780805833546

Edition: 2003

Authors: Joel Lefkowitz

List price: $88.95
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Book details

List price: $88.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 5/1/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

List of Figures/Tables
Series Foreword
Introduction
Moral Philosophy and Psychology
Meta-Ethics
Meta-ethical Issues
Origins of Subjectivism
Objectivist Rejoinders
Egoism vs. Universalism
Examples of Meta-Ethical Theories
Objectivist Theories
Subjectivist Theories
Toward a Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Normative Ethical Theories: I. Deontology
Deontological Theories
Immanuel Kant
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke and Natural Rights
John Rawls: A Contemporary Contractarian View
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Karl Marx
Normative Ethical Theories: II. Consequentialism
Consequentialist Theories
Jeremy Bentham
John Stuart Mill
Contemporary Consequentialism
Adding to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Moral Psychology
A Developmental Model of Moral Action
Maturational Underpinnings: General Cognitive and Emotional Development
Moral Development
The Nature and Experience of a Moral Dilemma
Societal and Cultural Influences on Moral Development
Moral Reasoning and Choices
Character: Moral Values and Sensitivity, Motivation, and Internal Controls
The Situational Context of Moral Action
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Values
The Central Role of Values in Ethical Decision Making
The Definition of Values
Normative and Normal Values: Dual Systems?
A Definitional Taxonomy of Values
The Varying Generality of Values
General or Life Values
Domain-Relevant Values
Dealing With Values Conflict: Resolution or Rationalization?
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Values at the Group Level
A Structural-Functional Perspective: Empirical Research
Social Justice
Distributive Decision Principles
Income and Wealth Disparities
An International Perspective on Economic Justice
Modeling Justice
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Values and Value Conflicts in the Professions
What Is a Profession?: Attributes of Professions
Professional Work Settings: Professional--Organizational Conflict
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Values in Psychology
Science and Values
The Positivist Paradigm
The Role of Values in Science
The Inquiry Paradigm of Postmodernism: Some Specific Tenets
Professional Roles: Research and Practice in Psychology: The Postmodern Challenge to the Distinction Between Science and Practice
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Business Values: I. The Classical Free-Enterprise Model
The Classical Liberal Model of Free-Enterprise Capitalism
Milton Friedman
Adam Smith
Critique of the Classical Free-Enterprise Model
Individual- and Organization-Level Business Values
Economizing Values
Power-Aggrandizing Values
Commercialization and Privatization
Business Values: II. The Revisionist Neo-Liberal Free-Enterprise Model
Antecedents of the Revisionist Model: Corporate Power and the Rise of Managerialism
Neo-Liberal Political and Economic Theory
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and the Multiple Stakeholder Model
Critique of the Revisionist Social Responsibility Model
Regarding the Antecedent Conditions
Regarding the Political and Economic Theory
Regarding CSR and Stakeholder Theory
The Transnational Trump Card
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
The Values and Ethics of Industrial--Organizational Psychology
The Values Model of I/O Psychology
I/O Psychology as Unscientific
I/O Psychology and the Worker
The Humanist Tradition and the Scientist-Practitioner Model in Psychology
Wanted
A Normative Perspective: Where Are Our Ethics and Values?
The Demise of Loyalty, Job Security, and Careers as We Knew Them
Unacknowledged Value Positions
What Ever Happened to Concern for the Individual Employee?: Employee Rights
Technical Competence and Societal Consequences
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
The Ethical Context of Research
Research Ethics: I. Informed Consent and Confidentiality
The Social Nature of the Research Enterprise
Informed Consent
Formal Standards
Some Contested Issues Regarding IC
Privacy, Anonymity, and Confidentiality
Privacy and Anonymity
Confidentiality
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Research Ethics: II. The Use of Deception
Deception in I/O Psychology Research
Attributes of Deception Techniques
Types of Deception
The Severity of Deception
The Frequency of Deception
Effectiveness and Effects of Deception
Does it Work?
Proposed Alternatives
Effects on Those Deceived
The Normative Ethical Arguments
The Modified Act-Utilitarian Argument Permitting Deception
The Rule-Deontological Prohibition
The Rule-Utilitarian Objection
Postresearch Procedures
Manipulation Checks, Debriefing, Dehoaxing, and Desensitization: Multiple Aims and Objectives
Adding Further to the Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Conclusion
Taking Moral Action
The Domain of Moral Action
Respect for People
Fairness and Justice
Caring: Beneficience
Caring: Nonmaleficence
Moral Virtue or Character
Anticipating Problems
A Predecisional Audit--The Framework for Ethical Decision Making
Learning Points From Ethical Theory
Learning Points From the Psychological Study of Moral Behavior
Learning Points From the Study of Individual and Social Values
Learning Points From the Study of Institutional--Professional, Scientific, and Organizational--Values
Learning Points From the Study of Business Values
Learning Points From the Ethical Principles of Research With Human Participants
A Model for Making Ethical Decisions and Taking Moral Action
Problem Identification
Initial Information Gathering
Problem Analysis and Choice
Following Through
References
Author Index
Subject Index
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