Chinese Human Smuggling Organizations Families, Social Networks, and Cultural Imperatives

ISBN-10: 0804757410

ISBN-13: 9780804757416

Edition: 2008

Authors: Sheldon X. Zhang

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Description:

Based on years of fieldwork and interviews with 129 human smugglers as well as scores of government and law enforcement officials, this book presents a rare look into the secretive world of the "snakeheads" (human smugglers), whose ingenious endeavors have transported hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants into the United States and other Western countries. The book is rich with vivid accounts of how groups of opportunistic entrepreneurs form loosely connected social circles to accomplish seemingly complex transnational negotiations. Zhang's findings and analyses challenge many widespread misconceptions about these smugglers in particular and Chinese organized crime in general. Bound together by little more than the pursuit of profit, these otherwise ordinary men have demonstrated remarkable flexibility in adapting to market and socio-legal constraints. The author's concept of the "dyadic cartwheel network" integrates major theoretical constructs to explain how and why freelance operators have come to dominate the human smuggling enterprise instead of traditional crime syndicate.
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Book details

List price: $46.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Publication date: 3/7/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 304
Size: 9.50" wide x 6.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Snakeheads and Human Smuggling Operations
Coming to America: Illegal Chinese Migration to the United States
Becoming a Snakehead
Recruitment, Preparation, and Departure
Smuggling Activities in Transit
Arrival and Payment Collection in America
Making Money from Human Smuggling
The Human Smuggling Organization
Organizational and Operational Characteristics
The Dyadic Cartwheel Network
Human Smuggling and Traditional Chinese Organized Crime
Women and Chinese Human Smuggling
The Future of Chinese Human Smuggling
Epilogue
Research Sites
Research Method
Notes
Glossary
References
Index
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