Functional Neurorehabilitation Through the Life Span

ISBN-10: 0803611072
ISBN-13: 9780803611078
Edition: 2003
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Book details

List price: $62.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: F. A. Davis Company
Publication date: 10/15/2003
Binding: Paperback
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.464

The Science Behind the Art of Patient Intervention
The Role of Occupational and Physical Therapy in Neurorehabilitation
Introduction
Neuroscience and Neurorehabilitation
Definitions and Scope
Historical Review
Relationship Between Neuroscience and Therapeutic Application
Neurorehabilitation: A Joint Effort
Problem-Solving Approach to Patient/Client Intervention: Disablement Model
The Guide to Physical Therapist Practice
Occupational Therapy Practice Framework and the Guide to Occupational Therapy Practice
Clinical Reasoning and Problem Solving
Summary
The Essentials of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology: A Neurorehabilitation Application Approach
Introduction to the Nervous System
The Language of the Nervous System
General Plan of the Nervous System
Anatomical Divisions
Physiological Divisions
Building Blocks
The Essential Neurophysiology
Signaling and Communication Between Structures
The Essential Neuroanatomy
Development of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Support Systems: Meninges, Ventricular System, Circulation
Clinical Thinking: Relationship Between Clinical Signs and Lesions
What and Where Is the Lesion: Clinical Implications
Signs and Symptoms of Neurological Impairments Affecting Movement
Neuroplasticity and Recovery of Function
Effect of Age
Recovery of Function
Neuroplasticity
Summary
A Life Span Approach to the Systems That Produce Human Movement
Introduction
Motor Control: A Historical Review
A Systems Approach to the Nature of Movement
Definition
The Movement System
Life Span Perspective
The Nervous System: Life Span Changes
Clinical Relevance
Early Development of the Nervous System
Maturation of the Nervous System
The Mature Nervous System
The Aging Nervous System
Somatosensory System: Life Span Changes
Contribution to Movement Control
Functional Anatomy Overview
Early Development of the Somatosensory System
Maturation of the Somatosensory System
The Mature Somatosensory System
The Aging Somatosensory System
Visual System: Life Span Changes
Contribution to Movement Control
Functional Anatomy Overview
Early Development of the Visual System
Maturation of the Visual System
The Mature Visual System
The Aging Visual System
Vestibular System: Life Span Changes
Contribution to Movement Control
Functional Anatomy Overview
Early Development of the Vestibular System
Maturation of the Vestibular System
The Mature Vestibular System
The Aging Vestibular System
Motor or Action Systems: Life Span Changes
Contribution to Movement Control
Functional Anatomy Overview
Early Development of the Musculoskeletal System
Maturation of the Musculoskeletal System
The Mature Musculoskeletal System
The Aging Musculoskeletal System
Summary
Life Span Motor Development
Introduction
Definition of Motor Development
Life Span Perspective on Motor Development
Clinical Relevance
Review of Motor Development Theories
Cognitive Theories
Neuromaturational Development Theories
Dynamic Systems Perspective on Motor Development
Key Concepts Related to Motor Development
Perspective
Terminology Related to Direction
Kinesiological Concepts
Developmental Sequence
Milestones and the Acquisition of Motor Skill
Automatic Movements
Functional Movement
Operational Definition
Functional Movement: Main Tasks and Components
Life Span Development of Functional Movement
Newborn
One to Two Months
Three to Five Months
Six Months
Seven to Nine Months
Ten to Twelve Months
Twelve to Eighteen Months
Early Childhood
Middle Through Late Childhood
Adolescence
Adulthood
Aging
Summary
An Integrated Clinical Approach to the Management of Common Clinical Problems
Motor Learning Through the Life Span
Introduction
Definition
Motor Learning Versus Motor Control
How Do We Learn?
Types of Learning and Clinical Correlates
Theoretical Background/Motor Learning Theories
Adams' Closed-Loop Theory
Schmidt's Schema Theory
Ecological Theory
Key Elements of Learning and Therapeutic Considerations
The Therapeutic Environment
Arousal and Attention
Motivation and Meaning
Instruction
Guidance
Feedback
Practice
Types of Practice
Skill Acquisition and Retention/Transfer
Stages of Learning
Three-Stage Model of Motor Learning
Gentile's Two-Stage Model of Motor Learning
The Therapist's or Assistant's Role in Facilitating Skill Acquisition
Goal-Directed and Purposeful Activity
Life Span Issues Related to Motor Learning
Learning During Childhood
Adult Learners
Learning Changes Related to Aging
Learning as Affected by Common Neurological Disorders
Learning in Individuals with Mental Retardation and Cognitive Impairment
Learning After Brain Injury
Learning After Cerebrovascular Accident
Learning Challenges for Individuals with Parkinson's Disease
Case Studies
Case Study: Child
Trudy: Child Learning to Propel a Power Wheelchair
Case Study: Adult
James: Adult Learning to Perform Wheelchair Transfers
Summary
Neurorehabilitation Intervention Approaches
Introduction
History
The Evolution of Practice from Theory
Historical Roots Viewed Within Current Perspective
Approaches to Intervention/Frames of Reference
Sensorimotor Approaches
Task-Oriented Models
Functional Training Approach
The Importance of Person-Centered Functional Goals
An Integrated Approach to Intervention with Patients/Clients with Neurological Impairment at Any Age
Case Studies
Case Study: Child
Elijah: Child with Hypotonia and Developmental Delay
Case Study: Adult
Kitty: Adult with Hemiplegia After CVA
Summary
Clinical Management of the Primary Neuromuscular Impairments That Interfere with Functional Movement
Introduction
Separating the Large Problem into "Mini-Problems"
Abnormal Force Production: Definition and Description
Weakness
Muscle Tone Abnormalities
Coordination Problems
Muscle Activation and Sequencing Problems
Timing Problems
Involuntary Movements
The Nature of the Functional Movement Problem in Individuals with a Neurological Impairment
Case Studies
Case Study: Child
Lori: 12-year-old Girl with Cerebral Palsy
Case Study: Adult
Jake: 62-year-old Man Following CVA
Case Study: Adult
Betty: 58-year-old with Parkinson's Disease
Summary
Management of Disorders of Postural Control and Balance
Introduction
Postural Control
Definition and Description
Balance
Definition and Description
Theoretical Models of Postural Control and Balance
Reflex-Hierarchical Model
Systems Model
Components of Postural Control and Balance
Musculoskeletal Mechanisms
Neuromuscular Mechanisms
Sensory Mechanisms
Perceptual Mechanisms
Cognitive Mechanisms
Strategies for Recovery
Sensory Strategies
Motor Strategies
Age-related Differences to Postural Control and Balance
Early Development
Childhood
Adolescence
Adulthood
Aging
Assessment of Postural Control and Balance
Functional Assessment
Systems Assessment
Intervention for Postural Control and Balance Problems
Impairment Level
Strategy Level
Functional Task Level
Case Studies
Case Study: Child
Katarina: 13-year-old Girl Struck by a Car
Case Study: Adult
Robert: 55-year-old Man with Parkinson's Disease
Summary
Management of the Impaired Upper Extremity
Introduction
Functional Components of Upper Extremity Function
Regard
Reach
Grasp and Manipulation
Release
Upper Extremity Function Across the Life Span
Infant
Preschool/School Age
Adulthood
Older Adult
Neuromuscular Impairments Resulting in Impaired Upper Extremity Function
Weakness
Abnormal Muscle Tone
Incoordination
Upper Extremity Control Problems Associated with Common Neurological Disorders
Cerebral Palsy
Cerebrovascular Accident and Adult Hemiplegia
Parkinson's Disease
Case Studies
Case Study: Child
Michael: Child Born Prematurely
Case Study: Adult
Elizabeth: Adult with Right Cerebrovascular Accident
Summary
Management of Impaired Lower Extremity Function
Introduction
Functional Tasks of the Lower Extremity
Non-Weight Bearing
Weight Bearing
Locomotion Defined
Rolling
Crawling and Creeping
Walking
Gait Terminology
Functional Tasks of Gait
Gait Through the Life Span Lens
Immature Gait
Mature Gait
Gait Changes in the Older Adult
Transfer Tasks
Abnormal Lower Extremity Function and Impaired Locomotion
Implications for Therapeutic Intervention: Functional Costs of Pathological Gait
Neuromuscular Impairments Resulting in Impaired Lower Extremity Function
Functional Limitations in Gait: A Task-Oriented Approach
Weight Acceptance
Single Limb Support
Limb Advancement
Effect of an Assistive or Orthotic Device on the Functional Task of Walking
Lower Extremity Control Problems Associated with Common Neurological Disorders
Cerebral Palsy
Cerebrovascular Accident and Adult Hemiplegia
Ataxia
Parkinson's Disease
Spinal Cord Injury
Case Studies
Case Study: Child
Amanda: Child with Spastic Diplegic CP
Case Study: Adult
Anna: Adult with Ataxic MS
Summary
Glossary
Index

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