Diseases of the Human Body

ISBN-10: 0803605641
ISBN-13: 9780803605640
Edition: 3rd 2000 (Revised)
List price: $36.95
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Book details

List price: $36.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Davis Company, F. A.
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 423
Size: 7.75" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.892
Language: English

Formerly Dean of Business and Allied Health, Lake Washington Technical College, Kirkland, WA Co-Author of three additional texts for use with allied health professionals Member of SeaTac American Association of Medical Assistants Past President of Lake Washington College Foundation

Prefacep. v
Acknowledgmentsp. vii
The Disease Processp. 1
Predisposing Factorsp. 3
Hereditary Diseasesp. 3
Classification of Hereditary Diseasesp. 4
Inflammation and Infectionsp. 6
Traumap. 9
Head Traumap. 10
Trauma to the Chestp. 11
Abdominopelvic Traumap. 11
Trauma to the Neck and Spinep. 11
Trauma to the Extremitiesp. 11
Effects of Physical and Chemical Agentsp. 11
Extreme Heat and Coldp. 11
Ionizing Radiationp. 12
Extreme Atmospheric Pressurep. 12
Electric Shockp. 12
Poisoningp. 12
Near-Drowningp. 12
Bites of Insects, Spiders, and Snakesp. 13
Asphyxiationp. 13
Burnsp. 13
Neoplasia and Cancerp. 13
Immune-Related Factors in Diseasep. 15
The Immune Responsep. 15
Allergyp. 15
Autoimmune Diseasep. 16
Immunodeficiencyp. 17
Mental and Emotional Factors in Diseasep. 17
Nutritional Imbalancep. 18
Starvationp. 18
Malnourishmentp. 18
Obesityp. 18
Vitamin Deficiencies and Excessesp. 18
Mineral Deficiencies and Excessesp. 18
Idiopathic and latrogenic Diseasesp. 19
Infectious Diseasesp. 23
Infectious and Communicable Diseasesp. 24
Common Coldp. 26
Influenzap. 29
Alternative Medicinep. 29
Chronic Fatigue Syndromep. 29
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)p. 30
Lyme Diseasep. 32
Escherichia Coli 0157:H7p. 32
Communicable Diseases of Childhood and Adolescencep. 33
Measles (Rubeola)p. 34
Rubella (German Measles)p. 34
Mumpsp. 37
Varicella (Chickenpox)p. 37
Diphtheriap. 38
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)p. 39
Tetanus (Lockjaw)p. 39
Neoplasmsp. 43
Cancer Risk Factors and Preventive Measuresp. 46
Classification of Neoplasmsp. 47
Grading and Staging of Neoplasmsp. 48
Etiology of Neoplasmsp. 48
Diagnosis of Neoplasmsp. 49
Treatment of Neoplasmsp. 49
Surgeryp. 49
Radiation Therapyp. 50
Chemotherapyp. 50
Immunotherapy (Biotherapy)p. 51
Hormonal Therapyp. 51
Alternative Medicinep. 51
Congenital Diseasesp. 55
Nervous System Diseasesp. 57
Cerebral Palsyp. 57
Neural Tube Defects: Spina Bifida, Meningocele, Myelomeningocelep. 57
Hydrocephalusp. 58
Digestive System Diseasesp. 59
Pyloric Stenosisp. 59
Hirschsprung's Disease (Congenital Aganglionic Megacolon)p. 59
Cardiovascular Diseasesp. 60
Erythroblastosis Fetalis (Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn)p. 60
Congenital Heart Defectsp. 61
Genitourinary Diseasesp. 64
Undescended Testes (Cryptorchidism)p. 64
Congenital Defects of the Ureter, Bladder, and Urethrap. 64
Musculoskeletal Diseasesp. 65
Clubfoot (Talipes)p. 65
Congenital Hip Dysplasiap. 65
Metabolic Factorsp. 66
Cystic Fibrosisp. 66
Phenylketonuria (PKU)p. 67
Urinary System Diseasesp. 71
Kidney Diseasesp. 73
Polycystic Kidney Diseasep. 73
Pyelonephritis (Acute)p. 78
Glomerulonephritis (Acute)p. 79
Nephrotic Syndromep. 79
Chronic Renal Failure (Uremia)p. 80
Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN)p. 81
Renal Calculi (Uroliths or Kidney Stones)p. 81
Hydronephrosisp. 83
Lower Urinary Tract Diseasesp. 83
Cystitis and Urethritisp. 83
Neurogenic Bladderp. 84
Tumors of the Urinary Systemp. 85
Adenocarcinoma of the Kidney (Hypernephroma)p. 85
Tumors of the Bladderp. 85
Special Focus: Treatment of Renal Failurep. 86
Dialysisp. 86
Kidney Transplantationp. 88
Common Symptoms of Urinary System Diseasesp. 88
Reproductive System Diseasesp. 93
Sexual Dysfunctionp. 96
Dyspareunia (Painful Intercourse)p. 96
Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)p. 96
Arousal and Orgasmic Dysfunction in Womenp. 97
Premature Ejaculationp. 97
Male and Female Infertilityp. 98
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)p. 99
Gonorrheap. 99
Genital Herpesp. 99
Genital Wartsp. 101
Syphilisp. 101
Trichomoniasisp. 103
Chlamydial Infectionsp. 104
Common Symptoms of STDsp. 104
Male Reproductive Diseasesp. 104
Prostatitisp. 104
Epididymitisp. 105
Orchitisp. 106
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)p. 107
Prostatic Cancerp. 107
Testicular Cancerp. 108
Common Symptoms of Male Reproductive Diseasesp. 108
Female Reproductive Diseasesp. 109
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)p. 109
Amenorrheap. 111
Dysmenorrheap. 111
Ovarian Cysts and Tumorsp. 111
Endometriosisp. 112
Uterine Leiomyomasp. 113
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)p. 113
Menopausep. 114
Abnormal Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Bleedingp. 114
Common Symptoms of Female Reproductive System Diseasesp. 114
Diseases of the Breastsp. 115
Mammary Dysplasia or Fibrocystic Diseasep. 115
Benign Fibroadenomap. 116
Carcinoma of the Breastp. 116
Special Focus: Breast Reconstructionp. 117
Disorders of Pregnancy and Deliveryp. 118
Spontaneous Abortionp. 118
Ectopic Pregnancyp. 118
Toxemias of Pregnancy (Preeclampsia and Eclampsia)p. 118
Placenta Previap. 120
Abruptio Placentaep. 121
Premature Labor/Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM)p. 121
Common Symptoms and Disorders of Pregnancy and Deliveryp. 122
Special Focus: Cesarean Birthp. 122
Digestive System Diseasesp. 127
Upper Gastrointestinal Tractp. 129
Stomatitisp. 129
Gastritisp. 129
Gastroenteritisp. 130
Gastric Ulcer (Peptic Ulcer of the Stomach)p. 131
Hiatal Herniap. 132
Lower Gastrointestinal Tractp. 134
Malabsorption Syndromep. 134
Celiac Sprue (Gluten-Induced Enteropathy)p. 134
Duodenal Ulcer (Peptic Ulcer of the Duodenum)p. 135
Acute Appendicitisp. 135
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)p. 136
Crohn's Disease (Regional Enteritis, Granulomatous Colitis)p. 137
Ulcerative Colitisp. 137
Diverticulitisp. 138
Hemorrhoidsp. 139
Abdominal Herniasp. 140
Colorectal Cancerp. 141
Diarrheap. 142
Accessory Organs of Digestion: Pancreas, Gallbladder, and Liverp. 142
Acute Pancreatitisp. 142
Chronic Pancreatitisp. 143
Pancreatic Cancerp. 144
Cholelithiasisp. 144
Acute Cholecystitisp. 146
Cirrhosisp. 147
Acute Viral Hepatitisp. 147
Special Focus: Eating Disordersp. 149
Anorexia Nervosap. 149
Bulimiap. 149
Special Focus: Digestive Diseases Common in Childrenp. 150
Infantile Colicp. 150
Diarrheap. 151
Vomitingp. 151
Food Allergiesp. 151
Helminths (Worms)p. 151
Common Symptoms of Digestive System Diseasesp. 152
Alternative Medicinep. 152
Respiratory System Diseasesp. 157
Epistaxis (Nosebleed)p. 160
Sinusitisp. 160
Acute and Chronic Pharyngitisp. 160
Acute and Chronic Laryngitisp. 161
Infectious Mononucleosisp. 161
Pneumoniap. 162
Legionella Infections (Legionnaires' Disease)p. 164
Lung Abscessp. 164
Pneumothoraxp. 165
Pleurisy (Pleuritis)p. 166
Pleural Effusionp. 166
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)p. 167
Chronic Bronchitisp. 167
Chronic Pulmonary Emphysemap. 168
Asthmap. 168
Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB)p. 169
Pneumoconiosisp. 171
Silicosisp. 171
Asbestosisp. 171
Berylliosisp. 171
Anthracosisp. 172
Respiratory Mycosesp. 172
Pulmonary Edemap. 173
Cor Pulmonalep. 173
Pulmonary Embolismp. 174
Respiratory Acidosis (Hypercapnia)p. 175
Respiratory Alkalosis (Hypocapnia)p. 175
Atelectasisp. 175
Bronchiectasisp. 176
Lung Cancerp. 176
Special Focus: Respiratory Diseases of Childhoodp. 177
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)p. 177
Acute Tonsillitisp. 177
Adenoid Hyperplasiap. 178
Croupp. 178
Acute Epiglottitisp. 178
Common Symptoms of Lung Diseasesp. 179
Circulatory System Diseasesp. 183
Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Diseasep. 185
Carditisp. 187
Pericarditisp. 187
Myocarditisp. 188
Endocarditisp. 189
Valvular Heart Diseasep. 190
Mitral Insufficiency/Stenosisp. 190
Tricuspid Insufficiency/Stenosisp. 191
Pulmonic Insufficiency/Stenosisp. 192
Aortic Insufficiency/Stenosisp. 192
Hypertensive Heart Diseasep. 193
Essential Hypertensionp. 193
Coronary Diseasesp. 194
Coronary Artery Diseasep. 194
Angina Pectorisp. 195
Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)p. 195
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)p. 197
Cardiac Arrestp. 198
Special Focus: Cardiac Advancesp. 198
Blood Vessel Diseasesp. 199
Aneurysms: Abdominal, Thoracic, and Peripheral Arteriesp. 199
Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosisp. 200
Thrombophlebitisp. 201
Varicose Veinsp. 202
Anemias and Other Red Blood Cell Disordersp. 202
Iron Deficiency Anemiap. 203
Folic Acid Deficiency Anemiap. 204
Pernicious Anemiap. 205
Aplastic Anemiap. 205
Sickle Cell Anemiap. 206
Polycythemia Verap. 206
Leukemiasp. 207
Acute Myeloblastic (Myelogenous) Leukemia (AML)p. 207
Acute Lymphoblastic (Lymphocytic) Leukemia (ALL)p. 208
Acute Monoblastic (Monocytic) Leukemiap. 208
Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia (CML)p. 208
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)p. 209
Lymphatic Diseasesp. 209
Lymphedemap. 209
Hodgkin's Diseasep. 211
Lymphosarcomap. 211
Special Focus: Bone Marrow Transplantationp. 212
Special Focus: Circulatory Disease of Childhoodp. 212
Reye's Syndromep. 212
Common Symptoms of Circulatory System Diseasesp. 213
Alternative Medicinep. 213
Nervous System Diseasesp. 219
Headachesp. 221
Acute and Chronic Headachep. 221
Migraine Headachep. 224
Alternative Medicinep. 225
Head Traumap. 225
Epidural and Subdural Hematoma (Acute)p. 225
Cerebral Concussionp. 227
Cerebral Contusionp. 227
Paralysisp. 228
Hemiplegiap. 228
Spinal Cord Injuries: Paraplegia and Quadriplegiap. 228
Infections of the Central Nervous Systemp. 230
Acute Bacterial Meningitisp. 230
Encephalitisp. 231
Brain Abscessp. 232
Peripheral Nerve Diseasesp. 233
Peripheral Neuritisp. 233
Bell's Palsyp. 234
Cerebral Diseases/Disordersp. 234
Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke)p. 234
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)p. 235
Epilepsyp. 235
Degenerative Diseasesp. 236
Alzheimer's Diseasep. 236
Parkinson's Diseasep. 237
Multiple Sclerosisp. 237
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)p. 238
Cancerp. 239
Tumors of the Brainp. 239
Common Symptoms of Nervous System Diseasesp. 239
Endocrine System Diseasesp. 243
Pituitary Gland Diseasesp. 247
Hyperpituitarism (Gigantism, Acromegaly)p. 247
Hypopituitarismp. 248
Diabetes Insipidusp. 249
Thyroid Gland Diseasesp. 250
Simple Goiterp. 250
Hashimoto's Thyroiditisp. 251
Hyperthyroidism (Graves' Disease)p. 251
Hypothyroidism (Cretinism, Myxedema)p. 253
Parathyroid Gland Diseasesp. 254
Hyperparathyroidism (Hypercalcemia)p. 254
Hypoparathyroidism (Hypocalcemia)p. 254
Adrenal Gland Diseasep. 255
Cushing's Syndromep. 255
Endocrine Dysfunction of the Pancreasp. 256
Diabetes Mellitusp. 256
Common Symptoms of Endocrine System Diseasesp. 258
Musculoskeletal Diseasesp. 261
Bonesp. 262
Deformities of the Spine: Lordosis, Kyphosis, Scoliosisp. 262
Herniated Intervertebral Diskp. 266
Osteoporosisp. 267
Osteomalaciap. 268
Osteomyelitisp. 269
Paget's Disease (Osteitis Deformans)p. 270
Fracturesp. 270
Jointsp. 272
Osteoarthritisp. 272
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)p. 272
Goutp. 274
Alternative Medicinep. 274
Muscles and Connective Tissuep. 275
Sprains and Strainsp. 275
Bursitisp. 275
Carpal Tunnel Syndromep. 275
Alternative Medicinep. 276
Tendonitisp. 276
Myasthenia Gravisp. 276
Polymyositisp. 277
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)p. 278
Neoplasmsp. 279
Special Focus: Childhood Disease of the Musculoskeletal Systemp. 279
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophyp. 279
Common Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Diseasesp. 280
Skin Diseasesp. 283
Psoriasisp. 287
Urticaria (Hives)p. 287
Acne Vulgarisp. 288
Alopeciap. 289
Impetigop. 291
Furuncles and Carbunclesp. 291
Pediculosisp. 292
Decubitus Ulcersp. 293
Dermatophytosesp. 293
Corns and Callusesp. 296
Wartsp. 296
Discoid Lupus Erythematosusp. 297
Sclerodermap. 298
Dermatitisp. 298
Seborrheic Dermatitisp. 298
Contact Dermatitisp. 299
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)p. 299
Herpes-Related Skin Lesionsp. 301
Cold Sores and Fever Blistersp. 301
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)p. 302
Cancerp. 303
Skin Carcinomasp. 303
Malignant Melanomap. 303
Special Focus: Childhood Diseases of the Skinp. 304
Atopic Dermatitisp. 304
Diaper Rashp. 304
Pediculosisp. 305
Dermatophytosisp. 305
Common Symptoms of Skin Diseasesp. 306
Eye and Ear Diseasesp. 309
Eye Diseasesp. 311
Refractive Errorsp. 311
Nystagmusp. 313
Stye (Hordeolum)p. 313
Corneal Abrasionp. 314
Cataractp. 314
Glaucomap. 315
Retinal Detachmentp. 315
Macular Degenerationp. 316
Eye Inflammationsp. 317
Conjunctivitisp. 317
Uveitisp. 317
Blepharitisp. 317
Keratitisp. 318
Special Focus: Childhood Disease of the Eyep. 318
Strabismusp. 318
Common Symptoms of Eye Diseasesp. 319
Ear Diseasesp. 319
Impacted Cerumenp. 319
External Otitis (Swimmer's Ear)p. 319
Otitis Mediap. 321
Otosclerosisp. 322
Motion Sicknessp. 322
Meniere's Diseasep. 322
Special Focus: Childhood Diseases of the Earp. 323
Deafnessp. 323
Otitis Mediap. 323
Common Symptoms of Ear Diseasesp. 323
Pain and Its Managementp. 327
What Is Pain?p. 328
Definition of Painp. 328
Purpose of Painp. 329
Pathophysiology of Painp. 329
Assessment of Painp. 330
Acute, Chronic, and Terminal Painp. 330
Treatment of Painp. 331
Medicationsp. 331
Surgeryp. 331
Biofeedbackp. 332
Relaxationp. 332
Imageryp. 332
Autohypnosisp. 332
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimultion (TENS)p. 332
Massagep. 332
Humor, Laugher, and Playp. 332
Musicp. 333
Alternative Medicinep. 333
The Holistic Approach to Diseasep. 337
The Mind's Connection with Health and Diseasep. 338
Holistic Health and Holistic Medicine Definedp. 338
Personal Responsibilityp. 339
The Influence of Lifestylep. 339
Environmental Influences-External and Internalp. 339
The Value of Good Nutritionp. 340
Stress and Distressp. 340
Managing Negative Emotionsp. 341
Laughter and Playp. 341
Love, Friendship, and Faithp. 342
Glossaryp. 347
Diagnostic Proceduresp. 361
Organ Function Testsp. 369
Profile or Panel Sample Groupings and Laboratory Testsp. 375
Associations Concerned with Diseases of the Human Bodyp. 381
Normal Reference Laboratory Valuesp. 389
Subject Indexp. 403
Index of Diseases Coveredp. 423
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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