Anatomy of the Red Brigades The Religious Mind-Set of Modern Terrorists

ISBN-10: 0801449863

ISBN-13: 9780801449864

Edition: 2011

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Description: "Alessandro Orsini has presented us with a book of high scholarly distinction. Anatomy of the Red Brigades is a tour de force of intellectual history and a major attempt to explain both the Italian experience with terrorism and terrorism in general."-Journal of Cold War Studies "What if the terrorism that shook the Western world from the late 1960s to the mid-1980s were unconnected to the economic, political, and social conditions? It is this possibility that Alessandro Orsini examines in this extraordinarily well-researched and well-documented book. Orsini has discovered that the terrorist mind-set always exists just below the surface, is difficult to cope with, is difficult to change, is irrational, and is likely to resurface at any time under conditions we cannot predict."-Spencer DiScala, from the preface to the Italian edition The Red Brigades were a far-left terrorist group in Italy formed in 1970 and active all through the 1980s. Infamous around the world for a campaign of assassinations, kidnappings, and bank robberies intended as a "concentrated strike against the heart of the State," the Red Brigades' most notorious crime was the kidnapping and murder of Italy's former prime minister Aldo Moro in 1978. In the late 1990s, a new group of violent anticapitalist terrorists revived the name Red Brigades and killed a number of professors and government officials. Like their German counterparts in the Baader-Meinhof Group and today's violent political and religious extremists, the Red Brigades and their actions raise a host of questions about the motivations, ideologies, and mind-sets of people who commit horrific acts of violence in the name of a utopia. In the first English edition of a book that has won critical acclaim and major prizes in Italy, Alessandro Orsini contends that the dominant logic of the Red Brigades was essentially eschatological, focused on purifying a corrupt world through violence. Only through revolutionary terror, Brigadists believed, could humanity be saved from the putrefying effects of capitalism and imperialism. Through a careful study of all existing documentation produced by the Red Brigades and of all existing scholarship on the Red Brigades, Orsini reconstructs a worldview that can be as seductive as it is horrifying. Orsini has devised a micro-sociological theory that allows him to reconstruct the group dynamics leading to political homicide in extreme-left and neonazi terrorist groups. This "subversive-revolutionary feedback theory" states that the willingness to mete out and suffer death depends, in the last analysis, on how far the terrorist has been incorporated into the revolutionary sect. Orsini makes clear that this political-religious concept of historical development is central to understanding all such self-styled "purifiers of the world." From Thomas Muuml;ntzer's theocratic dream to Pol Pot's Cambodian revolution, all the violent "purifiers" of the world have a clear goal: to build a perfect society in which there will no longer be any sin and unhappiness and in which no opposition can be allowed to upset the universal harmony. Orsini's book reconstructs the origins and evolution of a revolutionary tradition brought into our own times by the Red Brigades.

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Book details

List price: $29.95
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Publication date: 3/25/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 296
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

Introduction
The Pedagogy of Intolerance
The Revolutionary Vocation
Violence as the Only Way
The �Binary Code� Mentality
Political Violence and Social Marginality
Eschatological Politics
The Sacralization of Politics
The �Fanaticism of a New Religion�
Radical Catastrophism
The Revolutionary Sect and the Obsession with Purity
The Hatred of Reformists
Toward the Bloodshed
Daily Life in a Revolutionary Sect
The Red Brigades' Organization Plan
The Blood Crime and Its �Story�
The Path to Bloodshed
Shedding Blood and the Role of the Revolutionary Sect
The Detachment from the Surrounding World
The Genesis of the Red Brigades
The Red Brigades' Social Roots
The �Cultural Lag� Theory
When Were the Red Brigades Born?
The Red Brigades: �Imbeciles� or Real Revolutionaries?
Antonio Gramsci and the �Hour of Redemption�
The Italian Communist Party's Role in the Genesis of the Red Brigades
An Oxymoron: The �Leninist-Reformist� Party
The Masters of the Red Brigades
Illustrious Predecessors: Thomas M�ntzer
John of Leiden, King and Revolutionary
The English Revolution and the Puritan Movement
The French Revolution and the Jacobin Experiment
Babeuf: �The world has plunged into chaos�
Karl Marx's Pantoclastic Dream
The Revolutionary Tradition of Russian Populism
The Purifiers of the World in Power
Lenin and State Terrorism
The Bolshevik Revolution and the �Victims of the Victims�
The Gulag, or The Promise Kept
Mao and the Myth of the �New Man�
The Cambodian Revolution
Not a Conclusion: Portrait of a Red Brigadist
Appendix: Red Brigades and Black Brigades
A Note on Method
Bibliography
Index of Names
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