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Exercise Physiology Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance

ISBN-10: 0781749905
ISBN-13: 9780781749909
Edition: 6th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $101.95
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Description: The Sixth Edition of Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance continues its tradition of excellence with comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage of exercise physiology and related areas and superior artwork. The text blends the  More...

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Book details

List price: $101.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication date: 4/6/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 1184
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.75" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 4.488
Language: English

The Sixth Edition of Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition, and Human Performance continues its tradition of excellence with comprehensive, cutting-edge coverage of exercise physiology and related areas and superior artwork. The text blends the science of metabolism and energy transfer with cardiovascular, endocrine, respiratory, neural, and muscular system adaptations to acute and chronic exercise, placing specific focus on physical conditioning, sports nutrition, body composition, weight control, and more. The new edition integrates basic concepts and up-to-date research to provide a foundation for understanding how exercise physiology relates to physical performance and exercise training.

Introduction: A View of the Past: Exercise Physiology-Roots and Historical Perspectives
Exercise Physiology
Nutrition: The Base for Human Performance
Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Proteins
Carbohydrates
Kinds and Sources of Carbohydrates
Recommended Intake of Carbohydrates
Role of Carbohydrates in the Body
Carbohydrate Dynamics in Exercise
Lipids
The Nature of Lipids
Kinds and Sources of Lipids
Recommended Dietary Lipid Intake
Role of Lipid in the Body
Fat Dynamics in Exercise
Proteins
The Nature of Proteins
Kinds of Protein
Recommended Dietary Protein Intake
Role of Protein in the Body
Dynamics of Protein Metabolism
Nitrogen Balance
Protein Dynamics in Exercise and Training
Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
Vitamins
The Nature of Vitamins
Kinds of Vitamins
Role of Vitamins
Defining Nutrient Needs
Exercise, Free Radicals, and Antioxidants
Vitamin Supplements: The Competitive Edge?
Minerals
The Nature of Minerals
Kinds and Sources of Minerals
Role of Minerals
Calcium
The Female Athlete Triad: Unexpected Problem for Women Who Train Intensely
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Iron
Sodium, Potassium, and Chlorine
Minerals and Exercise Performance
Water
The Body's Water Content
Water Balance: Intake Versus Output
Water Requirement in Exercise
Optimal Nutrition for Exercise
Nutrient Intake Among the Physically Active
MyPyramid: The Essentials of Good Nutrition
An Expanding Emphasis on Healthful Eating and Regular Physical Activity
Exercise and Food Intake
Precompetition Meal
Carbohydrate Feedings Prior to, During, and in Recovery from Exercise
Glucose Feedings, Electrolytes, and Water Uptake
Energy for Physical Activity
Energy Value of Food
Measurement of Food Energy
Introduction to Energy Transfer
Energy-The Capacity for Work
Interconversions of Energy
Biologic Work in Humans
Factors That Affect the Rate of Bioenergetics
Hydrolysis and Condensation: The Basis for Digestion and Synthesis
Energy Transfer in the Body
Phosphate Bond Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate: The Energy Currency
Phosphocreatine: The Energy Reservoir
Cellular Oxidation
Oxygen's Role in Energy Metabolism
Energy Release From Macronutrients
Energy Release from Fat
Energy Release from Protein
The Metabolic Mill: Interrelationships Among Carbohydrate, Fat, and Protein Metabolism
Energy Transfer in Exercise
Immediate Energy: The ATP-PCR System
Short-Term Energy: The Lactic Acid System
Long-Term Energy: The Aerobic System
Energy Spectrum of Exercise
Oxygen Consumption During Recovery
Measurement of Human Energy Expenditure
Methods of Measuring the Body's Heat Production
Doubly Labeled Water Technique
Respiratory Quotient
Respiratory Exchange Ratio
Metabolic Calculations
Human Energy Expenditure During Rest and Physical Activity
Energy Expenditure at Rest
Basal Metabolic Rate
Metabolism at Rest
Factors That Affect Energy Expenditure
Energy Expenditure in Physical Activity
Classification of Physical Activities by Energy Expenditure
The MET
Daily Rates of Average Energy Expenditure
Energy Cost of Household, Industrial, and Recreational Activities
Heart Rate to Estimate Energy Expenditure
Energy Expenditure During Walking, Jogging, Running, and Swimming
Gross Versus Net Energy Expenditure
Economy of Human Movement and Mechanical Efficiency
Energy Expenditure During Walking
Energy Expenditure During Running
Swimming
Individual Differences and Measurement of Energy Capacities
Overview of Energy-Transfer Capacity During Exercise
Anaerobic Energy Transfer: The Immediate and Short-Term Energy Systems
Aerobic Energy: The Long-Term Energy System
Systems of Energy Delivery and Utilization
Pulmonary Structure and Function
Surface Area and Gas Exchange
Anatomy of Ventilation
Mechanics of Ventilation
Lung Volumes and Capacities
Lung Function, Aerobic Fitness, and Exercise Performance
Pulmonary Ventilation
Variations from Normal Breathing Patterns
The Respiratory Tract During Cold-Weather Exercise
Gas Exchange and Transport
Gaseous Exchange in the Lungs and Tissues
Concentrations and Partial Pressures of Respired Gases
Movement of Gas in Air and Fluids
Gas Exchange in the Lungs and Tissues
Oxygen Transport
Transport of Oxygen in the Blood
Carbon Dioxide Transport
Carbon Dioxide Transport in the Blood
Dynamics of Pulmonary Ventilation
Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
Ventilatory Control
Regulation of Ventilation During Exercise
Pulmonary Ventilation During Exercise
Ventilation and Energy Demands
Energy Cost of Breathing
Does Ventilation Limit Aerobic Power and Endurance?
Acid-Base Regulation
Buffering
Physiologic Buffers
Effects of Intense Exercise
The Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System Components
Hypertension
Blood Pressure Response to Exercise
The Heart's Blood Supply
Myocardial Metabolism
Cardiovascular Regulation and Integration
Intrinsic Regulation of Heart Rate
Extrinsic Regulation of Heart Rate and Circulation
Distribution of Blood
Integrated Exercise Response
Exercising After Cardiac Transplantation
Functional Capacity of the Cardiovascular System
Cardiac Output
Cardiac Output at Rest
Cardiac Output During Exercise
Cardiac Output Distribution
Cardiac Output and Oxygen Transport
Cardiovascular Adjustments to Upper-Body Exercise
Skeletal Muscle: Structure and Function
Gross Structure of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle Ultrastructure
Muscle Fiber Alignment
Actin-Myosin Orientation
Chemical and Mechanical Events During Muscle Action and Relaxation
Muscle Fiber Type
Species Differences: A Comparative Look at Muscle Metabolism and Dynamics
Fiber Type Differences Among Athletic Groups
Neural Control of Human Movement
Neuromotor System Organization
Nerve Supply to Muscle
Motor Unit Functional Characteristics
Receptors in Muscles, Joints, and Tendons: The Proprioceptors
The Endocrine System: Organization and Acute and Chronic Responses to Exercise
Endocrine System Overview
Endocrine System Organization
Resting and Exercise-Induced Endocrine Secretions
Gonadal Hormones
Exercise Training and Endocrine Function
Resistance Training and Endocrine Function
Opioid Peptides and Exercise
Exercise, Infectious Illness, Cancer, and Immune Response
Applied Exercise Physiology
Enhancement of Energy Capacity
Training for Anaerobic and Aerobic Power
Training Principles
Physiologic Consequences of Training
Anaerobic System Changes with Training
Aerobic System Changes with Training
Factors That Affect the Aerobic Training Response
American College of Sports Medicine's Updated Fitness Guidelines and Recommendations
How Long Before Improvements Occur?
Maintenance of Aerobic Fitness Gains
Methods of Training
Overtraining: Too Much of a Good Thing
Exercising During Pregnancy
Muscular Strength: Training Muscles to Become Stronger
Strength Measurement and Resistance Training
Measurement of Muscle Strength
Gender Differences in Muscle Strength
Training Muscles to Become Stronger
Electromyography During Maximal Ballistic Muscle Actions
Structural and Functional Adaptations to Resistance Training
Factors That Modify the Expression of Human Strength
Comparative Training Responses in Men and Women
Detraining
Metabolic Stress of Resistance Training
Circuit Resistance Training
Muscle Soreness and Stiffness
Special Aids to Exercise Training and Performance
An Increasing Challenge to Fair Competition
On the Horizon
Pharmacologic Agents
Nonpharmacologic Appoaches
Exercise Performance and Environmental Stress
Exercise at Medium and High Altitude
The Stress of Altitude
Acclimatization
Metabolic, Physiologic, and Exercise Capacities at Altitude
Altitude Training and Sea-Level Performance
Combine Altitude Stay with Low-Altitude Training
Exercise and Thermal Stress
Mechanisms of Thermoregulation
Thermal Balance
Hypothalamic Regulation of Temperature
Thermoregulation in Cold Stress: Heat Conservation and Heat Production
Thermoregulation in Heat Stress: Heat Loss
Effects of Clothing on Thermoregulation
Thermoregulation and Environmental Stress During Exercise
Exercise in the Heat
Maintaining Fluid Balance: Rehydration and Hyperhydration
Factors That Modify Heat Tolerance
Complications from Excessive Heat Stress
Exercise in the Cold
Acclimatization to Cold
How Cold Is Too Cold?
Sport Diving
Diving History-Antiquity to the Present
Pressure-Volume Relationships and Diving Depth
Snorkeling and Breath-Hold Diving
Scuba Diving
Special Problems with Breathing Gases at High Pressures
Dives to Exceptional Depths: Mixed-Gas Diving
Energy Cost of Underwater Swimming
Microgravity: The Last Frontier
The Weightless Environment
Historical Overview of Aerospace Physiology and Medicine
Modern Era
Medical Evaluation for Astronaut Selection
Physiologic Adaptations to Microgravity
Countermeasure Strategies
Overview of Physiologic Responses to Space Flight
Future Research Priorities
Vision for the Future of Space Exploration
Practical Benefits from Space Biology Research
Body Composition, Energy Balance, and Weight Control
Body Composition Assessment
The Body Mass Index: A Somewhat Better Alternative
Composition of the Human Body
Common Techniques to Assess Body Composition
Average Percentage Body Fat
Determining Goal Body Weight
Physique, Performance, and Physical Activity
Physiques of Champion Athletes
Upper Limit for Fat-Free Body Mass
Overweight, Obesity, and Weight Control
Obesity
Historical Perspective
Current Status
Worldwide Epidemic
A Progressive Long-Term Process
A Complex Interaction of Many Factors
Genetics Influences Body Fat Accumulation
Physical Inactivity: A Crucial Component in Excessive Fat Accumulation
Risks of Excessive Body Fat
Criteria for Excessive Body Fat: How Fat Is Too Fat?
Principles of Weight Control: Diet and Exercise
Energy Balance: Input Versus Output
Dieting for Weight Control
Factors That Affect Weight Loss
Exercise for Weight Control
Effectiveness of Regular Exercise
Weight Loss Recommendations for Wrestlers and Other Power Athletes
Gaining Weight: The Competitive Athlete's Dilemma
Exercise, Successful Aging, and Disease Prevention
Physical Activity, Health, and Aging
The Graying of America
Physical Activity in the Population
Physical Activity Epidemiology
Aging and Physiologic Function
Age Trends
Trainability and Age
Physical Activity, Health, and Longevity
Causes of Death in the United States
Exercise, Health, and Longevity
Regular Moderate Exercise Provides Significant Benefits
Can Changing Activity Level Improve Health and Extend Life?
Coronary Heart Disease
Changes on the Cellular Level
Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors
Clinical Exercise Physiology for Cancer, Cardiovascular, and Pulmonary Rehabilitation
The Exercise Physiologist in the Clinical Setting
Training and Certification Programs for Professional Exercise Physiologists
Clinical Applications of Exercise Physiology to Oncology, Cardiovascular Diseases, Pulmonary Diseases, Neuromuscular Diseases, Renal Disease, and Cognitive/Emotional Diseases
Oncology
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiac Disease Assessment
Stress Test Protocols
Prescribing Exercise
Cardiac Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation Following Heart Transplantation
Pulmonary Diseases
Exercise and Asthma
Neuromuscular Diseases, Disabilities, and Disorders
Renal Disease
Cognitive/Emotional Diseases and Disorders
On the Horizon
Molecular Biology-A New Vista for Exercise Physiology
Brief History Tour of Molecular Biology
Revolution in the Biologic Sciences
Human Genome
Nucleic Acids
How DNA Replicates
Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation
Mutations
New Horizons in Molecular Biology
Human Performance Research
Index

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