Alternative Cars in the Twenty-First Century A New Personal Transportation Paradigm

ISBN-10: 0768008743

ISBN-13: 9780768008746

Edition: 2nd 2003 (Revised)

Authors: Robert Q. Riley

List price: $39.99
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Description:

The 21st century has arrived, and alternative cars are proving to be a significant presence on showroom floors and highways throughout the world. In 1994, Robert Q. Riley accurately forecast the necessity of alternative automobiles, in the first edition of this important publication, and the second edition of Alternative Cars in the 21st Century: A New Personal Transportation Paradigm offers considerably more information. Intelligent transportation systems and hybrid vehicles are granted elevated emphasis as their usefulness has been clearly proven in current vehicles, designs. Alternative fuels are examined in depth, including hydrogen as a fuel and the most recent hot topic, fuel cell technology. The latest developments touting the benefits and challenges of three-wheel cars are presented in a thorough and interesting chapter. The second edition of Alternative Cars in the 21st Century: A New Personal Transportation Paradigm provides an abundance of critical knowledge for engineering professionals and consumers alike, offering a brighter alternative future through better alternative cars.Contents Include: Personal Mobility in Crisis Personal Mobility Vehicles for the 21st Century The Technology of Fuel Economy Alternative Fuels Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Three Wheel Cars Intelligent Transportation Systems Alternative Cars in Europe.
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Book details

List price: $39.99
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: SAE International
Publication date: 10/17/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 514
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Personal Mobility in Crisis
Population Growth and Expanding Industrialization
An Expanding World with Diminishing Petroleum Resources
Impact of Transportation Energy Use
Energy Demand in Developed Countries
Blight of Urban Traffic
Conventional Ideas for Taming the Automobile
Controlling the Automobile with Higher Fuel Costs
Overloading the Environment with Waste Products
Global Warming and Climatic Change
A New Paradigm for Personal Mobility
Personal Mobility Vehicles for the 21st Century
A New Perspective on Personal Mobility Solutions
Reducing the Hardware Overhead of Personal Mobility
Impact of Vehicle Size on Traffic Congestion
Impact of Vehicle Mass on Emissions
Ultra-Low-Mass Personal Mobility Products
Ultra-Low-Mass Multipurpose Passenger Car
Commuter Car
Narrow-Lane Vehicle
Urban Car
Sub-Car
New Personal Mobility Products and the Marketplace
Vehicle Theme
Occupant Zone
Seating Layout
Ingress and Egress
Modular Design
Flexible/Plastic Body Panels
Electronic Automobile
Three-Wheel Platform as a Marketing Tool
Potential Market for Alternative Cars
Vehicle Ownership and Use Trends
ULM Vehicle and Multivehicle Households
Effect of Reduced Seating Capacity
Market Impact of Battery-Electric Power
Subliminal Messages and New Consumer Values
A New Paradigm for Personal Transportation
Cars as a Subsystem of the Total Transportation System
Large-Scale Personal Mobility as an Outmoded Concept
The Technology of Fuel Economy
Ingredients of Fuel Economy
Urban Driving Cycle Patterns' Effect on Fuel Economy
Accessory Loads
Road Load
Developing a Road Load Graph
Rolling Resistance
Tires: Balance Between Ride, Handling, and Drag
Other Components of Rolling Resistance
Automobile Aerodynamics
Working with the Relative Wind
Streamlining and Aerodynamic Drag
Profile Drag
Induced Drag
Parasitic Drag
Skin Friction
Internal Flow
Frontal Area
Fuel-Efficient Powertrain
Prime Mover
Losses of Converting Fuel to Mechanical Power
Power and Fuel Efficiency Characteristics of the Reciprocating IC Engine
Challenge and Opportunity of Part-Load Fuel Consumption
Rotary Valves
Variable Compression Ratio
Variable Valve Actuation
Diesel Engine
Supercharging
Low-Heat-Rejection Engines
Two-Stroke Cycle Engine
Active Thermo-Atmosphere Combustion
Transmission as a Tool for Reducing Fuel Consumption
Continuously Variable Transmissions
New Technology and Alternative Cars
Alternative Fuels
Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternative Fuels
Alcohol Fuels
Ethanol (C[subscript 2]H[subscript 5]OH)
Methanol (CH[subscript 3]OH)
Source and Abundance
Environmental and Safety Factors
Compatibility with Current IC Engine Design
Cold-Starting
Lubricant Contamination
Increased Engine Wear
Materials Compatibility
Use in Fuel Cells
Liquefied Petroleum Gases
Source, Composition, and Properties
Vehicle Emissions
Vehicle Fuel System
Compatibility with IC Engines
Natural Gas as a Transportation Fuel
Source and Supply
Environmental and Safety Factors
Compatibility with Current Motor Vehicle Design
Fuel Metering
Onboard Storage of Natural Gas
Compressed Natural Gas
Liquefied Natural Gas
Adsorbent Storage
Difficulties and Costs
Enhanced Capability ANG Storage
Creative Tank Designs for ANG Systems
Home Refueling with Natural Gas
Hydrogen/Methane Blends
Hydrogen as a Fuel
Source and Abundance
Supply Infrastructure and Cost
Storage Technologies
Compatibility with IC Engine
Fuel Cell
Electric Power
Alternative Fuels in the 21st Century
Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
Battery-Electric Vehicles
Battery-Electric Cars: Their Energy Source and Emissions
Electric Vehicle Onboard Energy Flow
Regenerative Braking
Mechanical Overview
Electric Motor
Alternating Current for Electric Cars
Controller
Pulse-Width Modulator
Controllers for Alternating Current
Motor as a Subsystem of the Transmission
Integrated Electronic Controls
Onboard Energy Storage
Lead-Acid Battery (Pb/Acid)
Aluminum-Air (Al/Air)
Lithium-Iron Sulfide (Li/FeS)
Lithium-Ion (Li/Ion)
Lithium Polymer Battery (LPB)
Nickel-Cadmium (Ni/Cd)
Nickel-Iron Battery (Ni/Fe)
Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)
Nickel-Zinc (Ni/Zn)
Sodium-Sulfur (Na/S)
Vanadium Redox Flow Battery
Zinc-Air Battery (Zn/Air)
Zinc-Bromine (Zn/Br)
Kinetic Energy Storage
Battery-Electric Vehicles and Vehicle Downsizing
Purpose-Built Battery-Electric Cars
General Motors EV-1
Ford TH!NK City
Nissan Hypermini
Hybrid-Electric Vehicles
Hybrid Configurations
Series Hybrid
Parallel Hybrid
Energy Storage Systems for HEVs
Prime Movers for HEVs
Fuel Cells
Production and Prototype Hybrids
Honda Insight
Toyota Prius
Ford Prodigy
General Motors Precept
DaimlerChrysler Dodge ESX3
DaimlerChrysler NECAR 5 Fuel-Cell Vehicle
Three-Wheel Cars with Tilting Three-Wheel Vehicle Information by Tony Foale
Mechanically Simple Design
Sports Car Handling
Rollover Threshold
Single Front or Single Rear Wheel
Single Front Wheel (1F2R)
Single Rear Wheel (2F1R)
Tandem or Side-by-Side Seating
Examples of Nontilting Three-Wheel Vehicles
TurboPhantom
VW Scooter
Trihawk
Tri-Magnum
Sparrow
Gizmo
Tilting Three-Wheelers
TTW Classification
Wheel Layout
Lean Control
Lean Limit
Number of Tilting Wheels
Dynamic Behavior of Tilting Three-Wheelers
Active Lean Control
Control System Strategies
Tires
Suspension Loading
General Characteristics
1F2R with Nonleaning Rear Wheels
Rollover Threshold
Roll/Yaw Coupling
Pitch/Lean Coupling
TTWs with All Leaning Wheels
TTWs with No Leaning Wheels
Examples of Tilting Three-Wheelers
Transit Innovations Project 32 Slalom (U.S. Patents Pending, 1997-2001)
Mercedes F300 Life Jet (1997-unknown)
Millennium Tracer (1996-ongoing)
Calleja (U.S. Patent No. 5,611,555: 1997-ongoing)
General Motors' Lean Machine (late 1970s-early 1980s)
Jephcott's Micro (U.S. patents allowed to lapse, early 1980s)
Vandenbrink Carver
Limitations of the Three-Wheel Configuration
Special Acknowledgment
Safety and Low-Mass Vehicles
Vehicle Safety in Perspective
Accident Statistics and Automobile Size
Accident Statistics and Other Variables
Japanese Experience
Smaller Cars Require Better Safety Engineering
Automobile Crash Dynamics
Occupant Crash Protection
Restraint Systems
Seat Belts
Air Bags
Intelligent Safety Systems
Crash Management Strategy for Low-Mass Vehicles
Advanced Systems for Improving Automobile Safety
New Standards for New Vehicle Types
Three-Wheel Cars
Intelligent Transportation Systems
What Is ITS?
What Is AVCS?
Longitudinal Maneuvers
Lateral Maneuvers
Future of ITS
Special Acknowledgment
Alternative Cars in Europe
Early European Microcars as a Metaphor of Their Environment
Isetta and Heinkel
Messerschmitt
Market Was Headed in the Opposite Direction
Transportation in a Revitalized Europe
European Transit Systems
Future of Microcars in Europe
Index
About the Author
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