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Ethics Across Cultures An Introductory Text with Readings

ISBN-10: 0767424182
ISBN-13: 9780767424189
Edition: 2005
List price: $140.67
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Description: This new text/reader for Introduction to Ethics courses explores the rich ethical traditions of the West and the East.

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Book details

List price: $140.67
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 10/22/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 520
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.760
Language: English

This new text/reader for Introduction to Ethics courses explores the rich ethical traditions of the West and the East.

Diversity and Ethics
The Case for Cultural Diversity
Female Genital 'Excision' or 'Mutilation'?
Does the Fact of Diversity Lead to Ethical Relativism?
Cross-Cultural Discourse
Do Cultures Really Disagree with Each Other Morally?
Weaknesses in Ethical Relativism
Are All Cultures that Different?
Why Conclude That There Are No Objective Standards?
What Would Be the Consequences?
Strengths in Ethical Relativism
Evidence
Corrective
Tolerance
Are There Better Options?
Critical Thinking and Moral Reasoning
Bifurcating the War in Iraq
What is Critical Thinking?
What Should We Avoid?: Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Ignorance
Appeal to the Majority
Appeal to Tradition
Appeal to Feelings
Absolutizing Rules
Double Standards
Bifurcation
Hasty Judgment
Steps to Moral Reasoning
Step One: Know the Facts
Step Two: View These Facts from Various Perspectives
Step Three: Identify the Moral Issues
Step Four: Identify Factors That are Morally Relevant
Step Five: Clarify the Various Ways the Issue Can Be Hopefully Resolved
Step Six: Choose the Best Moral Option
Readings
"Moral Reasoning," from Brooke Noel Moore and Richard Parker's Critical Thinking
"The Universal Declaration of Human Rights"
The Quest for Universal Moral Standards in the West
Aristotle and Aquinas: Teleology, Virtue, and Natural Law
Having a Child Via Cloning
Aristotle, Teleology and Virtue
Teleology and Happiness
Virtue and the Golden Mean
Example: The Virtue of Courage
Weaknesses in Virtue Ethics
Strengths in Virtue Ethics
Aquinas and Nature Law
Natural Law and Natural Inclinations
Natural Law and Gestation
Natural Law and Same-sex Marriages
Weaknesses in Natural Law
Strengths in Natural Law
Readings
Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics, Books I and II
Human Ends and Human Actions: An Exploration in St. Thomas's Treatment
Kant's Deontology
Billy Budd
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804): Order and Reason
The Driving Force of Duty
Duty vs. Desire
The Categorical Imperative
First Formulation: Universalizability
Second Formulation: Persons as Ends
Weaknesses in Deontology
Strengths in Deontology
Readings
Groundwork of a Metaphysics of Morals
Billy Budd: Sailor
Mill and Utilitarian Ethics
A 'Good' Terrorist?
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
What is Utilitarianism?
Jeremy Bentham's "Principle of Utility"
Mill's Revision of Bentham
Act and Rule Utilitarianism
Weaknesses in Utilitarianism
Time
Predictability
Whose Good?
Tyranny of the Majority
Does the End Justify the Means?
Is Utilitarianism a Justifiable Theory?
Strengths in Utilitarianism
Beyond the "I"
Common Sense
Economy
Situational
Readings
Utilitarianism
"Mr. Truman's Degree"
Feminist Ethics
The Handmaid's Duty
The Spirit of Feminism and Its Landmarks
Women's Suffrage and the Equal Rights Amendment
Feminisms
Classical Feminism
Difference Feminism
Equity Feminism
Radical Feminism
Weaknesses in Feminist Ethics
Strengths in Feminist Ethics
Readings
"Myth and Reality," from The Second Sex
"Who Stole Feminism?"
"The Politics of Intelligence," from Right-Wing Women
The Quest for Universal Moral Standards in Non-Western Traditions
Hindu Dharma
Roop Kanwar's Sati
What Is Dharma?
Preliminaries
Dharma as Ritual Duty
Dharma as Class Duties – Varnasrama Dharma
Seeing the One Self in the Other
Dharma as Universal Duties – Sadharana Dharma
Dharma and Life's Goals
Artha – Prosperity
Kama – Pleasure
Moksha – Self-Realization
Dharma in the Ramayana
Dharma, Duty, and Caste
What Is Karma?
Dharma's Weaknesses
Is Hindu Ethics Relativist?
What About Conscience?
What About Emotions?
Dharma's Strengths
Integrative Quality
Nondogmatic
Can Dharma Be a Universal Standard?
Readings
From the Bhagavad Gita
From the Ramayana
Buddhist Ethics
Terror in Tokyo's Subway
The Three Signs of Existence
First Sign: Dukkha
Second Sign: Anicca
Third Sign: Anatman
Making More Sense of No-Self
The Four Noble Truths
The First Truth: Suffering Is Universal
The Second Truth: The Source of Suffering Lies in Craving
The Third Truth: We Can Free Ourselves from Suffering
The Fourth Truth: The Eightfold Path
The Middle Way
The Supreme Virtues and Middle Way
Weaknesses in Buddhist Ethics
Strengths in Buddhist Ethics
Readings
Shantideva's Compendium of Doctrine
"In Quest of Democracy," in Freedom from Fear
Confucian Harmony
The Feetbinding of Elder Sister
The Confucian Legacy
Confucius
Mencius
Neo-Confucianism and Zhu Xi
Confucian Virtues
Jen – Humaneness
Li – Propriety
Filial Piety and Family
Weaknesses in Confucian Ethics
Strengths in Confucians Ethics
Readings
Mencius, "Niu Mountain," from The Book of Mencius, Book VI, Part 1
"Moral Cultivation"
Ethics in Africa: To Be Is to Belong
Anna - and Lucien's Other Wives
Shattering the Stereotypes
What Is the Basis for Morality?
Religion Is the Source
Religion Is Not the Source
Identity and Ethics
Vital Force
Iwa
To Be Is to Belong
The Moral Authority of the Community
The Moral Authority of Elders
Weaknesses in African Ethics
Strengths in African Ethics
Readings
"The Concepts of Evil, Ethics and Justice"
"The Moral Foundations of an African Culture"
Islamic Ethics
The Assassination of Anwar Sadat
Islam’s Image Problem
A Journey Through Islam
Muhammad’s Message of Submission
Rifts Over the Message – Sunnis, Shiites, and Sufis
Islamic Law
Setback and Renewal
The Five Pillars of Islam
The First Pillar – Tawhid
The Second Pillar – Salat
The Third Pillar – Saum
The Fourth Pillar – Zakat
The Fifth Pillar – Hajj
Does Islam Promote Violence?
Afghanistan, the Taliban, and Osama Bin Laden
Revisioning Islam
Weaknesses in Islamic Ethics
Strengths in Islamic Ethics
Readings
The Book of Healing
"The Neglected Duty" (Al-Farida al-Gha'ibah)
Can Ethics Save the World?
Ethics and the Environment
Golfing with Silverspot Butterflies
Ecology, Biodiversity, and Human Lifestyles
Who/What Belongs to the Moral Community?
Who/What Pose the Major Threats?
Habitat Ruin
Alien Species
Population, Development, Extinction
Pollution
Global Warning
Sustainability
Energy Alternatives
Why Save Species?
Costs and Priorities
Weaknesses in Environmental Ethics
Strengths in Environmental Ethics
Readings
"Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Bad Marriage, Quick Divorce"
"Philosophy Education Humanity: From Western to Asian Environmental Ethics"
Appendix: Twenty Cases for Reflection
The Black Stork: Science, Fact, Value, and Culture
The Insanity Plea
The USA Patriot Acts I and II
Fertility Pills and Reproductive Rights
Zoe Warwick
The Japanese and Whaling
Beijing, the Olympics, and Human Rights
Assisted Suicide for Psychological Suffering?
Stoning for Adultery
Digital Angel
Hindu Widows
Mizuko Kuyo
AZT Research in Africa: Ethical Imperialism?
The SARS Virus
Herculaneum and La Oroya
Cell Phones and The Democratic Republic of Congo
Chelyabinsk
The Perks of an Education
The International Criminal Court
Nike's Right to Lie

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