MC68HC11 An Introduction

ISBN-10: 0766816001
ISBN-13: 9780766816008
Edition: 2nd 2001 (Revised)
List price: $407.95 Buy it from $3.00
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Description: The new, second edition of this comprehensive book on the 68HC11 microcontroller from Motorola is unique in that it uses both the assembly language (for better hardware control and execution time) and the C language (for faster projection  More...

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Book details

List price: $407.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication date: 6/1/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 816
Size: 8.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.388

The new, second edition of this comprehensive book on the 68HC11 microcontroller from Motorola is unique in that it uses both the assembly language (for better hardware control and execution time) and the C language (for faster projection completion) to instruct readers in the basics of interface programming. Now featuring greater numbers of exercises in every chapter - plus new tutorials on the EVB and CMD11-A8 demo boards and use of the C compiler - this edition of MC68HC11-An Introduction utilizes a methodical, step-by-step approach to facilitate learning. Numerous examples are also featured throughout the book to ensure complete understanding of topics, such as: assembly language programming, I/O interface programming in C, memory interfacing, interrupt and rest processing, parallel I/O interfacing, serial communication port, SPI interfacing, and data acquisition. And an all-new chapter serves as a C programming refresher course, while the incorporation of flowcharts and/or algorithmic procedures for most programs aids in the reader in acquiring an overall understanding of program logic. Improved coverage of multi-precision division, updated LCD interfacing examples, discussion of the i8225 interfacing chip, plus detailed coverage of humidity and sensor signal processing is also featured in this edition.

Mr. Chartrand holds a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from Queen�s university in Kingston Ontario. He has been teaching digital courses for 20 years at Niagara College in Welland , Ontario. Mr. Chartrand has made industry contributions with various designs including interfacing an infrared camera to a PC, creating a digital circuit board used as a PC training system, and designing a control pendant for an air-filled medical bed. He also worked as a plant engineer for General Motors.

Preface
Introduction to Motorola 68HC11
Objectives
What is a Computer?
The Processor
Memory
The Computer's Software
The 68HC11 CPU Registers
Memory Addressing
The 68HC11 Addressing Modes
Immediate (IMM)
Direct Mode (DIR)
Extended Mode (EXT)
Indexed Mode (INDX, INDY)
Inherent Mode (INH)
Relative Mode (REL)
A Sample of 68HC11 Instructions
The LOAD Instruction
The ADD Instruction
The SUB Instruction
The STORE Instruction
The 68HC11 Machine Code
A Machine Code Sequence
Decoding Machine Language Instructions
The Instruction Execution Cycle
Instruction Timing
Summary
Exercises
68HC11 Assembly Programming
Objectives
Introduction
Assembly Language Program Structure
The Global View of a 68HC11 Assembly Program
The Local View of a 68HC11 Assembly Program
A Sample of Assembler Directives
Flowcharts
Writing Programs to Do Arithmetic
The Carry/Borrow Flag
Multiprecision Addition
Subtraction and the C Flag
Multiprecision Subtraction
Binary-Coded Decimal Addition
Multiplication and Division
Program Loops
The Condition Code Register
Conditional Branch Instructions
Decrementing and Incrementing Instructions
Compare Instructions
Special Conditional Branch Instructions
Instructions for Variable Initialization
Shift and Rotate Instructions
Program Execution Time
68HC11 Development Tools
Software Tools
68HC11 Evaluation Boards
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
Data Structures and Subroutine Calls
Objectives
Introduction
The Stack
Indexable Data Structures
Strings
Subroutines
Subroutine Call and Return
Issues in Subroutine Calls
The Stack Frame
Examples of Subroutine Calls
Using Registers to Pass Parameters
Using the Stack to Pass Parameters
Input and Output Routines
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
C Language Programming
Objectives
Introduction to C
Types, Operators, and Expressions
Data Types
Declarations
Constants
Arithmetic Operators
Bitwise Operators
Relational and Logical Operators
Control Flow
If-Else Statement
Multiway Conditional Statement
Switch Statement
For-Loop Statement
While Statement
Do-While Statement
Input and Output
Functions and Program Structure
Pointers and Arrays
Pointers and Addresses
Arrays
Pointers and Arrays
Passing Arrays to a Function
Miscellaneous Items
External Variables
Scope Rules
Using the ImageCraft C Compiler (ICC11)
Adjust the ImageCraft C Compiler
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
Operation Modes and Memory Expansion
Objectives
Introduction
A Summary of 68HC11 Signal Pins
68HC11 Operation Modes
Single Chip Mode
Expanded Mode
Special Bootstrap Mode
Special Test Mode
Setting the Operation Mode
Memory Technology Overview
Memory Component Types
Memory Capacity and Organization
Memory Addressing
External Memory Expansion for 68HC11
Memory Space Assignment
Address Decoding Methods
Bus Cycles
Conventions of Timing Diagrams
The 68HC11 Bus Cycle Timing Diagram
Adding External Memory to the 68HC11
Programming 68HC711E9 Devices with PCbug11 and 68HC11EVBU
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
Interrupts and Resets
Objectives
Basics of Interrupts
What is an Interrupt?
Why are Interrupts Used?
Interrupt Maskability
Interrupt Priority
Interrupt Service
Interrupt Vector
Interrupt Programming
Overhead of Interrupts
Resets
68HC11 Interrupts
68HC11 Interrupt Handling Procedure
Priority Structure of the 68HC11 Maskable Interrupts
Nonmaskable Interrupts
Low-Power Modes
The WAIT Instruction
The STOP Instruction
The 68HC11 Resets
External Reset Pin
Power-On Reset
CPU after Reset
Establishing Mode of Operation
Computer Operating Properly (COP) Watchdog Timer Reset
Clock Monitor Reset
68HC11 Interrupt Programming
Writing the Interrupt Service Routine
Set Up Interrupt Vector Table
Enable Interrupts
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
Parallel I/O Ports
Objectives
Basic I/O Concepts
I/O Addressing
I/O Transfer Synchronization
Synchronizing the Microprocessor and Interface Chip
Synchronizing the Interface Chip and I/O Device
68HC11 Parallel I/O Overview
Bidirectional I/O (Ports C and D)
Fixed Direction I/O (Ports A, B, and E)
Port Registers and I/O Operation
68HC11 Strobed I/O
Strobed Input Port C
Strobed Output Port B
Port C Handshake I/O
Port C Input Handshake Protocol
Port C Output Handshake Protocol
Simple Input Devices
Interfacing Parallel Ports to the Keyboard
Keyboard Scanning Techniques
Keyboard Debouncing
ASCII Code Table Lookup
Interfacing 68HC11 to a Keypad
Simple Output Devices
A Single LED
The Seven-Segment Display
Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs)
The Optrex DMC-20434 LCD Kit
Interfacing with a D/A Converter Using the 68HC11 Output Ports
Centronics Printer Interface
The i8255 Programmable Peripheral Interface
Operation of the i8255
i8255 Operation Modes
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
68HC11 Timer Functions
Objectives
Introduction
Free-Running Main Timer
Input-Capture Functions
Applications of the Input-Capture Function
Output-Compare Functions
Operation of the Output-Compare Function
Applications of the Output-Compare Function
Use OC1 to Control Multiple Output-Compare Functions
Forced Output-Compare
Real-Time Interrupt (RTI)
Pulse Accumulator
Pulse Accumulator-Related Registers
Pulse Accumulator Applications
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
68HC11 Serial Communication Interface
Objectives
Introduction
RS232 Standard
EIA-232-E Electrical Specification
EIA-232-E Functional Specification
EIA-232-E Mechanical Specification
EIA-232-E Procedural Specification
Data Transmission Errors
The Null Modem Connection
The 68HC11 Serial Communication Interface (SCI)
Data Format
Wake-Up Feature
Start Bit Detection
Determining the Logic Value of Data Bits
Receive the Stop Bit
Receive Errors
The Receive Process of a Character
The Transmitting Process of a Character
SCI Registers
SCI Interfacing
Serial Communication Support Chips
The MC6850 ACIA
ACIA Registers
The ACIA Operation
The Bus Timing of ACIA
Interfacing an ACIA to the 68HC11
Configuring the ACIA
A Terminal I/O Package for ACIA
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
68HC11 Serial Peripheral Interface
Objectives
Introduction
Signal Pins
SPI-Related Registers
Serial Peripheral Control Register (SPCR)
Serial Peripheral Status Register (SPSR)
Port D Data Direction Register (DDRD)
SPI Operation
SPI Circuit Connection
SPI Data Transfer
Simulating the SPI
SPI-Compatible Peripheral Chips
Interfacing the HC589 to SPI
HC589 Pins
Circuit Connection of HC589 and the SPI
Interfacing the HC595 to SPI
HC595 Pins
Circuit Connection of HC595 and the SPI
Interfacing the MC14489 to SPI
The Signal Pins of the MC14489
Operation of the MC14489
Cascading the MC14489s
Interfacing LCDs with SPI
MC145000 and MC145001 LCD Drivers
Interfacing the MC145000 and MC145001 to the 68HC11
The MC68HC68T1 Real Time Clock with Serial Interface
MC68HC68T1 Signal Pins
On-Chip RAM and Registers
The MC68HC68T1 Operation and Interfacing the 68HC68TI to the 68HC11
Power Control
Watchdog Function
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
Analog-to-Digital Converter
Objectives
Introduction
Successive Approximation Method
Signal Conditioning Circuits
Optimal Voltage Range for the A/D Converter
Voltage Scaling Circuit
Voltage Shifting and Scaling Circuit
An Overview of the 68HC11 A/D Converter
A/D System Options
The Clock Frequency Issue
A/D System Registers
A/D Result Registers 1, 2, 3 and 4 (ADR1, ADR2, ADR3, and ADR4)
A/D Control/Status Register
OPTION Register
Procedure for Using the A/D System
Measuring the Temperature
Measuring the Humidity
Processing the A/D Results
Using the External A/D Converter MAX1241
MAX1241 Signal Pins
Chip Functioning
Timing and Control
Interfacing the MAX1241 with the 68HC11
Summary
Exercises
Lab Exercises and Assignments
Appendixes
Number Systems
Design Projects
68HC11A8 Register and Control Bit Summary
Instruction Listing by Alphabetical Order
Interrupt Vectors and Demo Board Vector Table
SPI-Compatible Chips
68HC11 Development Tool Vendors
Standard Values of Commercially Available Resistors
Data Sheets
Glossary
Index

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