Epidemiology for Public Health Practice

ISBN-10: 0763751618

ISBN-13: 9780763751616

Edition: 4th 2009 (Revised)

Authors: Friis, Thomas Sellers

List price: $383.85
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Description:

From authors Friis and Sellers comes the Fourth Edition of this best-selling introduction to epidemiology: Epidemiology for Public Health Practice. In clear and accessible language, this comprehensivenbsp;text will introduce your students to the most important and timely issues in epidemiology today. New to this edition: Information on new disease outbreaks: E. colinbsp;in spinach Avian influenza XDR TB Expanded coverage of the history of epidemiology New coverage of the natural history of disease Updated coverage of morbidity and mortality data throughout the text Method for rate adjustment updated to the 2000 standard population New information on health disparities, including the Hispanic mortality paradox Updated information on data sources including notifiable diseases Additional statistical measures provided, e.g., measures of life expectancy New coverage of models of causality New chapter on professional issues in epidemiology Exciting new figures, tables, and exhibits provided throughout Additional exercises and study questions
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Book details

List price: $383.85
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC
Publication date: 3/13/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 717
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 2.398
Language: English

New to This Edition
Introduction
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
History and Scope of Epidemiology
Introduction
Epidemiology Defined
Foundations of Epidemiology
Historical Antecedents of Epidemiology
Recent Applications of Epidemiology
Conclusion
Practical Applications of Epidemiology
Introduction
Applications for the Assessment of the Health Status of Populations and Delivery of Health Services
Applications Relevant to Disease Etiology
Conclusion
Leading Causes of Death and Rates for Those Causes in 1900 and 2003
Measures of Morbidity and Mortality Used in Epidemiology
Introduction
Definitions of Count, Ratio, Proportion, and Rate
Risk Versus Rate
Interrelationship Between Prevalence and Incidence
Applications of Incidence Data
Crude Rates
Specific Rates
Adjusted Rates
Conclusion
Data for Study Questions 2 Through 4
Descriptive Epidemiology: Person, Place, Time
Introduction
Characteristics of Persons
Characteristics of Place
Characteristics of Time
Conclusion
Project: Descriptive Epidemiology of a Selected Health Problem
Sources of Data for Use in Epidemiology
Introduction
Criteria for the Quality and Utility of Epidemiologic Data
Computerized Bibliographic Databases
Confidentiality, Sharing of Data, and Record Linkage
Statistics Derived from the Vital Registration System
Reportable Disease Statistics
Screening Surveys
Disease Registries
Morbidity Surveys of the General Population
Insurance Data
Hospital Data
Diseases Treated in Special Clinics and Hospitals
Data from Physicians' Practices
Absenteeism Data
School Health Programs
Morbidity in the Armed Forces: Data on Active Personnel and Veterans
Other Sources of Data Relevant to Epidemiologic Studies
Conclusion
Study Designs: Ecologic, Cross-Sectional, Case-Control
Introduction
Observational Versus Experimental Approaches in Epidemiology
Overview of Study Designs Used in Epidemiology
Ecologic Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Case-Control Studies
Conclusion
Study Designs: Cohort Studies
Introduction
Cohort Studies Defined
Sampling and Cohort Formation Options
Temporal Differences in Cohort Designs
Practical Considerations
Measures of Interpretation and Examples
Summary of Cohort Studies
Comparisons of Observational Designs
Conclusion
Experimental Study Designs
Introduction
Hierarchy of Study Designs
Intervention Studies
Clinical Trials
Community Trials
Conclusion
Measures of Effect
Introduction
Absolute Effects
Relative Effects
Statistical Measures of Effect
Evaluating Epidemiologic Associations
Models of Causal Relationships
Conclusion
Cohort Study Data for Coffee Use and Anxiety
Data Interpretation Issues
Introduction
Validity of Study Designs
Sources of Error in Epidemiologic Research
Techniques to Reduce Bias
Methods to Control Confounding
Bias in Analysis and Publication
Conclusion
Screening for Disease in the Community
Introduction
Screening for Disease
Appropriate Situations for Screening Tests and Programs
Characteristics of a Good Screening Test
Evaluation of Screening Tests
Sources of Unreliability and Invalidity
Measures of the Validity of Screening Tests
Effects of Prevalence of Disease on Screening Test Results
Relationship Between Sensitivity and Specificity
Evaluation of Screening Programs
Issues in the Classification of Morbidity and Mortality
Conclusion
Data for Problem 6
Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases
Introduction
Agents of Infectious Disease
Characteristics of Infectious Disease Agents
Host
The Environment
Means of Transmission: Directly or Indirectly from Reservoir
Measures of Disease Outbreaks
Procedures Used in the Investigation of Infectious Disease Outbreaks
Epidemiologically Significant Infectious Diseases in the Community
Conclusion
Data from a Foodborne Illness Outbreak in a College Cafeteria
Epidemiologic Aspects of Work and the Environment
Introduction
Health Effects Associated with Environmental Hazards
Study Designs Used in Environmental Epidemiology
Toxicologic Concepts Related to Environmental Epidemiology
Types of Agents
Environmental Hazards Found in the Work Setting
Noteworthy Community Environmental Health Hazards
Conclusion
Molecular and Genetic Epidemiology
Introduction
Definitions and Distinctions: Molecular Versus Genetic Epidemiology
Epidemiologic Evidence for Genetic Factors
Causes of Familial Aggregation
Shared Family Environment and Familial Aggregation
Gene Mapping: Segregation and Linkage Analysis
Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS)
Linkage Disequilibrium Revisited: Haplotypes
Application of Genes in Epidemiologic Designs
Genetics and Public Health
Conclusion
Psychologic, Behavioral, and Social Epidemiology
Introduction
Research Designs Used in Psychologic, Behavioral, and Social Epidemiology
The Social Context of Health
Independent Variables
Moderating Factors in the Stress-Illness Relationship
Outcome Variables: Physical Health, Mental Health, Affective States
Conclusion
Epidemiology as a Profession
Introduction
Specializations Within Epidemiology
Career Roles for Epidemiologists
Epidemiology Associations and Journals
Competencies Required of Epidemiologists
Resources for Education and Employment
Professional Ethics in Epidemiology
Conclusion
Guide to the Critical Appraisal of an Epidemiologic/Public Health Research Article
Answers to Selected Study Questions
Glossary
Index
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