Drugs and Society

ISBN-10: 0763737321

ISBN-13: 9780763737320

Edition: 9th 2006 (Revised)

List price: $112.95
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Description:

Drugs and Society, Ninth Edition, clearly illustrates the impact of drug use and abuse on the lives of ordinary people by including their personal drug experiences throughout the book. You will learn practical, current information concerning: Social and psychological reasons why drug use and abuse occurs, The results of drug use and abuse, How drugs can be used effectively for therapeutic purposes.
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Book details

List price: $112.95
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC
Publication date: 11/30/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 589
Size: 7.92" wide x 9.94" long x 0.84" tall
Weight: 2.596
Language: English

Preface
Introduction to Drugs and Society
Introduction
Drug Use
Dimensions of Drug Use
Most Commonly Abused Drugs
An Overview of Drugs in Society
How Widespread Is Drug Abuse?
Extent and Frequency of Drug Use in Society
Current Patterns of Licit and Illicit Drug Use
Nonmedical Users of Pain Relievers
Types of Drug Users
Influence of the Mass Media on Drug Use
Drug Use and Drug Dependence
When Does Use Lead to Abuse?
Drug Dependence
The Costs of Drug Use to Society
Drugs, Crime, and Violence
Drugs in the Workplace: A Costly Affliction
Venturing to a Higher Form of Consciousness: The Holistic Self-Awareness Approach to Drug Use
Explaining Drug Use and Abuse
Introduction
Drug Use: A Timeless Affliction
The Origin and Nature of Addiction
Defining Addiction
Models of Addiction
Factors Contributing to Addiction
The Vicious Cycle of Addiction
Nondrug Addictions?
Major Theoretical Explanations: Biological
Abused Drugs as Positive Reinforcers
Drug Abuse and Psychiatric Disorders
Genetic Explanations
Major Theoretical Explanations: Psychological
Distinguishing Between Substance Abuse and Mental Disorders
The Relationship Between Personality and Drug Use
Theories Based on Learning Processes
Social Psychological Learning Theories
Major Theoretical Explanations: Sociological
Social Influence Theories
Structural Influence Theories
Danger Signals of Drug Abuse
Low-Risk and High-Risk Drug Choices
Drug Use, Regulation, and the Law
Introduction
Cultural Attitudes About Drug Use
The Road to Regulation and the FDA
Prescription Versus OTC Drugs
The Rising Demand for Effectiveness in Medicinal Drugs
Regulating the Development of New Drugs
The Effects of the OTC Review on Today's Medications
The Regulation of Drug Advertising
Prescription Advertising
Federal Regulation and Quality Assurance
Drug Abuse and the Law
Drug Laws and Deterrence
Factors in Controlling Drug Abuse
Strategies for Preventing Drug Abuse
Supply Reduction Strategy
Demand Reduction Strategy
Inoculation Strategy
Drug Courts
Current and Future Drug Use
Drug Legalization Debate
Drug Testing
Pragmatic Drug Policies
Homeostatic Systems and Drugs
Introduction
Overview of Homeostasis and Drug Actions
Introduction to Nervous Systems
Comprehensive Explanation of Homeostatic Systems
The Building Blocks of the Nervous System
The Neuron: The Basic Structural Unit of the Nervous System
The Nature of Drug Receptors
Agonistic and Antagonistic Effects on Drug Receptors
Neurotransmitters: The Messengers
Major Divisions of the Nervous System
The Central Nervous System
The Autonomic Nervous System
The Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands and Regulation
The Abuse of Hormones: Anabolic Steroids
Designer Steroids
Conclusion
How and Why Drugs Work
Introduction
The Intended and Unintended Effects of Drugs
The Dose-Response Relationship of Therapeutics and Toxicity
Margin of Safety
Potency Versus Toxicity
Drug Interaction
Additive Effects
Antagonistic (Inhibitory) Effects
Potentiative (Synergistic) Effects
Dealing with Drug Interactions
Pharmacokinetic Factors That Influence Drug Effects
Forms and Methods of Taking Drugs
Distribution of Drugs in the Body and Time-Response Relationships
Inactivation and Elimination of Drugs from the Body
Physiological Variables That Modify Drug Effects
Pathological Variables That Modify Drug Effects
Adaptive Processes and Drug Abuse
Tolerance to Drugs
Drug Dependence
Psychological Factors
The Placebo Effect
Addiction and Abuse: The Significance of Dependence
Hereditary Factors
Drug Craving
Other Factors
CNS Depressants: Sedative-Hypnotics
Introduction
An Introduction to CNS Depressants
The History of CNS Depressants
The Effects of CNS Depressants: Benefits and Risks
Types of CNS Depressants
Benzodiazepines: Valium-Type Drugs
Barbiturates
Other CNS Depressants
Patterns of Abuse with CNS Depressants
Treatment for Withdrawal
Alcohol: Pharmacological Effects
Introduction
The Nature and History of Alcohol
Alcohol as a Drug
Alcohol as a Social Drug
Impact of Alcohol
The Properties of Alcohol
The Physical Effects of Alcohol
Alcohol and Tolerance
Alcohol Metabolism
Polydrug Use
Short-Term Effects
Dependence
The Effects of Alcohol on Organ Systems and Bodily Functions
Brain and Nervous System
Liver
Digestive System
Blood
Cardiovascular System
Sexual Organs
Endocrine System
Kidneys
Mental Disorders and Damage to the Brain
The Fetus
Gender Differences
Malnutrition
Alcohol: A Behavioral Perspective
Introduction
Alcohol Consumption in the United States
Current Statistics and Trends in Alcohol Consumption
Percentages of the Drinking Population: A Pyramid Model
Economic Costs of Alcohol Abuse
History of Alcohol in America
Drinking Patterns
Historical Considerations
Defining Alcoholics
Cultural Differences
Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Types of Alcoholics
Cultural Influences
Culture and Drinking Behavior
Culture and Disinhibited Behavior
Culture Provides Rules for Drinking Behavior
Culture Provides Ceremonial Meaning for Alcohol Use
Culture Provides Models of Alcoholism
Cultural Stereotypes of Drinking Patterns May Be Misleading
Culture Provides Attitudes Regarding Alcohol Consumption
College and University Students and Alcohol Use
Binge Drinking
Gender and Collegiate Alcohol Use
Alcohol Consumption Patterns of Women
The Role of Alcohol in Domestic Violence
Alcohol and Sex
Alcohol and the Family: Destructive Types of Support and Organizations for Victims of Alcoholics
Codependency and Enabling
Children of Alcoholics (COAs) and Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACOAs)
Treatment of Alcoholism
Getting Through Withdrawal
Helping the Alcoholic Family Recover
Narcotics (Opioids)
Introduction
What Are Narcotics?
The History of Narcotics
Opium in China
American Opium Use
Pharmacological Effects
Narcotic Analgesics
Other Therapeutic Uses
Mechanisms of Action
Side Effects
Abuse, Tolerance, Dependence, and Withdrawal
Heroin Abuse
Treatment of Heroin and Other Narcotic Dependence
Other Narcotics
Morphine
Methadone
Fentanyls
Hydromorphone
Oxycodone (OxyContin)
Meperidine
Buprenorphine
MPTP: A "Designer" Tragedy
Codeine
Pentazocine
Propoxyphene
Narcotic-Related Drugs
Dextromethorphan
Clonidine
Naloxone/Naltrexone
Stimulants
Introduction
Major Stimulants
Amphetamines
Cocaine
Current Attitudes and Patterns of Abuse
Minor Stimulants
Caffeinelike Drugs (Xanthines)
OTC Sympathomimetics
Herbal Stimulants
Tobacco
Tobacco Use: Scope of the Problem
Current Tobacco Use in the United States
The History of Tobacco Use
Popularity in the Western World
History of Tobacco Use in America
Phamacology of Nicotine
Nicotine Administration
Effects on the Central Nervous System
Other Effects of Nicotine
Clove Cigarettes
Cigarette Smoking: A Costly Addiction
Mortality Rates
Chronic Illnesses
Effects Without Smoking
Effects on the Fetus
Tobacco Use Without Smoking
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Who Smokes?
Reasons for Smoking
The Motivation Not to Smoke
Alternative Activities for Successfully Quitting
Smoking Cessation Aids
Social Issues: Looking to the Future
Tobacco as a Gateway Drug
Smoking Prohibition Versus Smokers' Rights
Hallucinogens (Psychedelics)
Introduction
The History of Hallucinogen Use
The Native American Church
Timothy Leary and the League of Spiritual Discovery
Hallucinogen Use Today
The Nature of Hallucinogens
Sensory and Psychological Effects
Mechanisms of Action
Types of Hallucinogenic Agents
Traditional Hallucinogens: LSD Types
Phenylethylamine Hallucinogens
Anticholinergic Hallucinogens
Other Hallucinogens
Marijuana
Introduction
History and Trends in Marijuana Use
Current Use of Marijuana
Trends in Use
Annual Use
Perceived Harmfulness
Disapproval
Perceived Availability, Risk, and Use
Marijuana: Is It the Assassin of Youth?
Major Factors Affecting Marijuana Use
Is Marijuana Really a Gateway Drug?
Misperceptions of Marijuana Use
Characteristics of Cannabis
The Behavioral Effects of Marijuana Use
The "High"
Subjective Euphoric Effects
Driving Performance
Critical Thinking Skills
Amotivational Syndrome
Therapeutic Uses and the Controversy over Medical Marijuana Use
The Physiological Effects of Marijuana Use
Effects on the Central Nervous System
Effects on the Respiratory System
Effects on the Cardiovascular System
Effects on Sexual Performance and Reproduction
Tolerance and Dependence
Chronic Use
Inhalants
Introduction
History of Inhalants
Types of Inhalants
Volatile Substances
Anesthetics
Nitrites
Current Patterns and Signs of Abuse
Adolescent and Teenage Usage
Gender, Race, Socioeconomics, and Abuse
Signs of Inhalant Abuse
Dangers of Inhalant Abuse
Over-the-Counter (OTC), Prescription, and Herbal Drugs
Introduction
OTC Drugs
Abuse of OTC Drugs
Federal Regulation of OTC Drugs
OTC Drugs and Self-Care
Types of OTC Drugs
OTC Herbal (Natural) Products
Prescription Drugs
Prescription Drug Abuse
Proper Doctor-Patient Communication
Drug Selection: Generic Versus Proprietary
Common Categories of Prescription Drugs
Common Principles of Drug Use
Drug Use Within Major Subcultures
Introduction
Athletes and Drug Abuse
Drugs Used by Athletes
Prevention and Treatment
Drug Use Among Women
Women More Concerned About Drug Use Than Men
Patterns of Drug Use: Comparing Females with Males
Female Roles and Drug Addiction
Women's Response to Drugs
Treatment of Drug Dependency in Women
Drug Use in Adolescent Subcultures
Why Adolescents Use Drugs
Patterns of Drug Use in Adolescents
Adolescent versus Adult Drug Abuse
Consequences and Coincidental Problems
Prevention, Intervention, and Treatment of Adolescent Drug Problems
Summary of Adolescent Drug Abuse
Drug Use in College Student Subcultures
Reasons for College Students' Drug Use
Additional Noteworthy Findings Regarding Drug Use by College Students
HIV and AIDS
Nature of HIV Infection and Related Symptoms
Diagnosis and Treatment
Who Is at Risk for AIDS?
AIDS and Drugs of Abuse
Adolescents and AIDS
What to Do About HIV and AIDS
The Entertainment Industry and Drug Use
More Recent Promoter of Drug Use: The Internet
Drug Abuse Prevention
Introduction
Drug Prevention Programs
Considering the Audience and Approach
An Example of Drug Prevention at Central High in Elmtown
Comprehensive Prevention Programs for Drug Use and Abuse
Harm Reduction Model
Community-Based Drug Prevention
School-Based Drug Prevention
Family-Based Prevention Programs
Drug Prevention Programs in Higher Education
Overview and Critique of Existing Prevention Programs
Examples of Large-Scale Drug Prevention Programs
BACCHUS and GAMMA Peer Education Network
Fund for the Improvement of Post-secondary Education Drug Prevention Programs
DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)
Drug Courts
Problems with Assessing the Success of Drug Prevention Programs
Other Alternatives to Drug Use
Meditation
The Natural Mind Approach
Treating Drug Dependence
Treatment of Addiction
Drug Addiction Treatment in the United States
Therapeutic Strategies
Historical Approaches
General Therapeutic Strategies
Specific Therapeutic Strategies
Pharmacological Strategies
Current Trends in Providing Treatment Services
Appendices
Index
Photo Credits
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