How to Design and Report Experiments

ISBN-10: 0761973834

ISBN-13: 9780761973836

Edition: 2003

List price: $66.95 Buy it from $44.75
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Description: `I strongly recommend this book. The all-important steps of defining the research question and choosing an appropriate method are clearly written by these experienced authors and by doing so provide a framework, which if followed, would avoid many of the common difficulties encountered by those in training. The book is a succinct, clear, and readable treatise on this extremely important area. It should prove to be invaluable to researchers, practicing social scientists, students and anyone involved in the design and reporting of experiments' - Social Psychological Review How to Design and Report Experiments is the perfect textbook and guide to the often bewildering world of experimental design and statistics. It provides a complete map of the entire process beginning with how to get ideas about research, how to refine your research question and the actual design of the experiment, leading on to statistical procedure and assistance with writing up of results. While many books look at the fundamentals of doing successful experiments and include good coverage of statistical techniques, this book very importantly considers the process in chronological order with specific attention given to effective design in the context of likely methods needed and expected results. Without full assessment of these aspects, the experience and results may not end up being as positive as one might have hoped. Ample coverage is then also provided of statistical data analysis, a hazardous journey in itself, and the reporting of findings, with numerous examples and helpful tips of common downfalls throughout. Combining light humour, empathy with solid practical guidance to ensure a positive experience overall, Designing and Reporting Experiments will be essential reading for students in psychology and those in cognate disciplines with an experimental focus or content in research methods courses.

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Book details

List price: $66.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/28/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

Andy Field is Professor of Child Psychopathology at the University of Sussex. He has published over 70 research papers, 27 book chapters, and 17 books mostly on child emotional development and statistics. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychopathology and has been an associate editor and editorial board member for the British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, Cognition and Emotion, Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review and Research Synthesis Methods. His ability to make statistics accessible and fun has been recognized with local and national teaching awards (University of Sussex, 2001; the British Psychological Society, 2007), a prestigious UK National Teaching Fellowship (2010), and the British Psychological Society book award (2006). He adores cats, and loves to listen to and play very heavy music. He lives in Brighton with his wonderful wife Zo� and Fuzzy the cat.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Designing an Experiment
Before You Begin
Variables and Measurement
Experimental versus Correlational Research
The Dynamic Nature of Scientific Method
Summary
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Planning an Experiment
What Should I Research: Finding Out What's Been Done?
How Do I Research My Question?
Summary: Is That It?
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Experimental Designs
The Three Aims of Research: Reliability, Validity and Importance
Different Methods for Doing Research
So, Which Experimental Design Should You Use?
Ethical Considerations in Running a Study
Summary
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Analysing and Interpreting Data
Descriptive Statistics
Populations and Samples
Summarizing Data
Confidence Intervals
Reporting Descriptive Statistics
Summary
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Inferential Statistics
Testing Hypotheses
Summary
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Parametric Statistics
How Do I Tell If My Data are Parametric?
The t-Test
The Independent t-Test
The Dependent t-Test
Analysis of Variance
One-Way Independent ANOVA
One-Way Repeated Measures ANOVA
Two Way Independent ANOVA
Two-Way Mixed ANOVA
Two-Way Repeated Measures ANOVA
Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)
Summary
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Non-parametric Statistics
Non-Parametric Tests: Rationale
The Mann-Whitney Test
The Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test
The Kruskal-Wallis Test
Friedman's ANOVA
Summary
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Choosing a Statistical Test
The Need to Think About Statistics at the Outset of Designing a Study
Five Questions to Ask Yourself
Specific Sources of Confusion in Deciding Which Test to Use
Examples of Using These Questions to Arrive at the Correct Test
Summary
Practical Tasks
Writing Up Your Research
A Quick Guide to Writing a Psychology Lab-Report
An Overview of the Various Sections of a Report
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Method
Results
Discussion
References
General Points When Writing a Report
The Standardized Format of the Report
Some Important Considerations When Writing a Report
Writing Style
Give Yourself Enough Time
Summary
Practical Tasks
Further Reading
Answering the Question 'Why?' The Introduction Section
Providing a Rationale
How to Describe Previous Research and its Findings
Outlining Your Own Experiment
Providing Predictions About the Experiment's Outcome
Summary
Practical Tasks
Answering the Question 'How?' The Method Section
Design
Participants
Apparatus
Procedure
Summary
Practical Tasks
Answering the Question 'What Did I Find?' The Results Section
Tidying Up Your Data
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Make the Reader's Task Easy
Be Selective in Reporting Your Results!
Summary
Answering the Question 'So What'? The Discussion Section
Summarize Your Findings
Relate Your Findings to Previous Research
Discuss the Limitations of Your Study
Make Suggestions for Further Research
Draw Some Conclusions
Summary
Title, Abstract, References and Formatting
The Title
The Abstract
References
Appendices
Practical Tasks
Example of an Experimental Write-Up
Abstract
Introduction
Method
Design
Procedure
Results
Discussion
References for the Example
References
Index
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