Juvenile Justice Process and Systems

ISBN-10: 0761930825
ISBN-13: 9780761930822
Edition: 2005
List price: $119.00 Buy it from $49.93
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Description: The study of juvenile justice process and systems is an investigation of a truly unique network that is predicated on a distinctive body of theory. Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems is an ideal textbook for those who wish to explore the theory  More...

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Book details

List price: $119.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/15/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 480
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.508
Language: English

The study of juvenile justice process and systems is an investigation of a truly unique network that is predicated on a distinctive body of theory. Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems is an ideal textbook for those who wish to explore the theory and practice of providing justice to juveniles. Author Gus Martin introduces readers to juvenile justice in the contemporary era, while providing a contextual grounding in the historical origins of modern process and systems. This book is a review of institutions, procedures, and theories that are specifically directed toward addressing the problems of juvenile deviance and victimization. Organized into four thematic parts, Juvenile Justice presents a logical sequence of topics that are designed to incrementally build upon the concepts introduced in previous chapters. Part I introduces students to the fundamental considerations that are essential for developing a contextual understanding of the juvenile justice process. Part II examines the roles of the police, juvenile court, and corrections systems. Part III reviews the unique community-based innovations found in the juvenile justice system. Part IV takes a look at the future challenges of juvenile justice. Key Features Chapter Opening Vignettes. Each chapter begins with an engaging narrative focusing on an event or incident that will set the stage for the chapter. Chapter Perspectives. The chapters incorporate boxed inserts that explore people, events, and organizations that are relevant to the subject matter of each chapter. Extensive Illustration Program. The frequent use of tables with up-to-date data along with carefully selected photographs enhance the chapter discussions. "Juvenile Justice Professions." At the ends of chapters are profiles of occupations that interact with the juvenile justice system on a daily basis. Discussion Boxes. Challenging questions and provocative information are presented in a case format at the ends of chapters to stimulate critical thinking and further debate. Key Terms and Concepts. Important terms and ideas introduced in each chapter are listed for review and are further explored in the books glossary. Web Exercises. Internet exercises at the end of each chapter have been designed to provoke class discussion and prompt further research. Student Study Site. Accompanying the text is a study site http://www.sagepub.com/martin nbsp;with interactive quizzes, electronic flashcards, recommended Web sites, links to sites provided in the Web Exercises, and more. Juvenile Justice is designed for undergraduate students studying juvenile justice systems, juvenile justice process, juvenile delinquency, and law enforcement in the departments of Administration of Justice, Criminal Justice, Criminology, Political Science, Sociology, and other disciplines in the social sciences.

C. Augustus (Gus) Martin is Professor of Criminal Justice Administration at California State University, Dominguez Hills, where he and has also served as Associate Vice President for Faculty Affairs and as chair of the Department of Public Administration & Public Policy. He began his academic career as a member of the faculty of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, where he was an Administration of Justice professor. His current research and professional interests are terrorism and extremism, administration of justice, juvenile justice, and fair housing. He is author and editor of several books on the subject of terrorism, including The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism (SAGE, 2012), Terrorism and Homeland Security (SAGE, 2011), Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies (SAGE, 2013), Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues (SAGE, 2013), and The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings (SAGE, 2004). He has served as a panelist for university and community symposia and interviews on the subjects of administration of justice, terrorism, and fair housing. He has also been a consultant to government and private agencies. Prior to joining academia, he served as managing attorney for the Fair Housing Partnership of Greater Pittsburgh, where he was also director of a program created under a federal consent decree to desegregate public and assisted housing. He was also Special Counsel to the Attorney General of the U.S. Virgin Islands on the island of St. Thomas. As Special Counsel he provided personal and confidential position in central office of Department of Justice; sat as hearing officer for disciplinary hearings and departmental grievances; served as chair of drug policy committee; was liaison to intergovernmental Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee; acted as liaison to Narcotics Strike Force; and provided daily legal and policy advice to Attorney General. Prior to serving as Special Counsel, he was a floor Legislative Assistant to Congressman Charles B. Rangel of New York. As Legislative Assistant, he researched, evaluated and drafted legislation in areas of foreign policy, foreign aid, human rights, housing, education, social services and poverty; he also drafted House floor statements, Congressional Record inserts, press releases, and news articles; and he composed speeches, briefing materials and legislative correspondence.

Preface
Understanding Juvenile Justice Process and Systems
Juvenile Justice: An Introduction
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Teen Violence in Schools
Conceptual Introduction: Finding Justice for Juveniles
Systemic Introduction: The Juvenile Justice System in Brief
Procedural Introduction: Dispensing Juvenile Justice
Policy Introduction: Challenges for Juvenile Justice
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Curfews as a Juvenile Crime-Fighting Strategy
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Historical Perspectives
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Historical Perspectives of the Juvenile Court
Historical Periods
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Idealism and the Child Savers Movement
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Juvenile Delinquency: Theories of Causation
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Teenage Drug Use and Delinquency
Foreword to Theories of Juvenile Deviance
Superstition and Myth: Early Theories of Delinquency and Crime
Choice and Responsibility: Theories of the Classical School
Physical Qualities and Causation: Biological Theories
The Mind and Causation: Psychological Theories
Society and Causation: Sociological Theories
The Impact of Injustice: Critical Theory
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Pop Culture and Delinquency
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
The Delinquency Picture: Measuring Juvenile Deviance
Foreword: Statistics and Perceptions
Chapter Perspective. Researching Juvenile Delinquency
Tools of the Trade: Estimating and Reporting Delinquency and Crime
Applying the Data: Patterns of Delinquency and Crime
Postscript: Juvenile Victimization
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Girls, Delinquency, and Victimization
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Children in Trouble and Children in Need
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Sexual Exploitation of Children
Modern Problems: Young People and Risk Factors
Youths in Conflict with Authority: Children in Trouble
Youths Requiring Intervention: Children in Need
Rescuing Youths: Helping Children in Trouble and Children in Need
Chapter Summary
Juvenile Justice Professions: Family Crimes Officer
Discussion Box: A National Problem: Children on the Street
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Process and Systems: Official Components
The Role of the Police
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Police Special Gang Units
Background: Historical Perspectives on Policing
First Contact with Juveniles: Police Dispositions
Decision-Making: Police Discretion and Procedural Formality
Issues Arising from Police Contacts with Juveniles
Accessing the Community: Police Relationship-Building Strategies
Chapter Summary
Juvenile Justice Professions: Community Oriented Policing Officer
Discussion Box: Police-Juvenile Relations
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
The Role of the Court
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Teenagers on Death Row
Background: The Role of the Juvenile Court
Implementing Court Authority: Juvenile Court Participants
Moving Through the System: Juvenile Court Process
Punishing Criminal Behavior: Juveniles in Adult Court
Chapter Summary
Juvenile Justice Professions: Juvenile Justice Attorneys
Discussion Box: Who is Responsible? Parents of Juvenile Offenders
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Institutional Corrections for Juveniles
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. The World Within: Subcultures in Juvenile Correctional Institutions
Historical Perspectives on Juvenile Corrections
Understanding the System: Goals of Juvenile Corrections
Innovation and Ingenuity: Nominal and Intermediate Sanctions
Detention and Correction: Confinement Options
Examining Confinement: Controversies and Protections
Juvenile Justice Professions: Youth Correctional Camp Administrator
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Treating Juvenile Delinquents as Adult Criminals
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Process and Systems: Community-Based Components
Juvenile Probation, Parole, and Aftercare
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Terms and Conditions for Juvenile Probation, Parole, and Aftercare
Background: The Development of Probation, Parole, and Aftercare
Non-Institutional Corrections: Juvenile Probation
Post-Institutional Corrections: Juvenile Parole and Aftercare
Contending Questions: Ongoing Issues and Special Needs
Chapter Summary
Juvenile Justice Professions: Probation Education Services Specialist
Discussion Box. The Utility of Net-Widening
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Community-Based Juvenile Programs
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. The Broken Windows Theory
Origins: Background to Community-Based Juvenile Programs
Juvenile Diversion: A Non-Institutional Alternative
Widening the Net: Partner Institutions and Placement Alternatives
Anticipating and Managing Juvenile Problems: Prevention and Treatment Models
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: "It Takes a Village to Raise a Single Child"
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Final Perspectives and Projections
Anti-Social Youth Cultures and the Case of Youth Gangs
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. The Influence of Adult Hate Groups on Youth Culture: The Case of the Skinheads
Background: Causes of Anti-Social Behavior Among Juveniles
History and Implications: An Overview of Youth Gangs
Gang Characteristics: Demographics and Behavior
A Policy Dilemma: Responding to the Gang Problem
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Drug Gangs
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Global Perspectives: Juvenile Justice in an International Context
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. Sweden's Pro-Child Approach
Global Perspectives: Juvenile Justice Process in Developed Nations
Global Perspectives: Juvenile Justice Process in Developing Nations
Children's Rights: A Global Approach to Juvenile Justice
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Juvenile Justice: The Cultural Dimension
Questions for Review
Key Terms and Concepts
Recommended Web Sites
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
What is to be Done? Projections and Conclusion
Chapter Introduction
Chapter Perspective. American Gangs in the 21st Century
What Next? Likely Challenges for the Juvenile Justice System
Professionals, Process, and Policy: Configuring the Juvenile Justice System
A Final Thought: Managing the Problem
Chapter Summary
Discussion Box: Law Enforcement and Juvenile Justice in the United States
Questions for Review
Recommended Readings
Glossary
Subject/Name Index
Appendices

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