Child and Adolescent Development A Behavioral Systems Approach

ISBN-10: 0761926984
ISBN-13: 9780761926986
Edition: 2004
List price: $148.00 Buy it from $89.10
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Description: This is a process oriented textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking child development and developmental psychology courses in psychology, human development and family studies, education, and related fields.

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Book details

List price: $148.00
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/20/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 632
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.574
Language: English

This is a process oriented textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking child development and developmental psychology courses in psychology, human development and family studies, education, and related fields.

Kenneth N. Cissna is professor of communication at the University of South Florida. He is the author (with Rob Anderson) of Moments of Meeting: Buber, Rogers, and the Potential for Public Dialogue (SUNY, 2002) and The Martin Buber-Carl Rogers Dialogue: A New Transcript with Commentary (SUNY, 1997) as well as a monograph on "The Rhetoric of Public Dialogue" in Communication Research Trends (also with Meghan Clune, 2003). His edited book Applied Communication in the 21 st Century (Lawrence Erlbaum, 1995) won the Outstanding Book award from the Applied Communication Division of the National Communication Association. He edited the Journal of Applied Communication Research and the Southern Communication Journal, and is past president of the Florida Communication Association. Currently, he serves as Vice President Elect of the Southern States Communication Association.Gary Novak received his Ph.D. in developmental psychology from SUNY-Stony Brook. He is a Professor in the Department of Psychology and Child Development at California State University, Stanislaus, where he has taught since 1973, serving twice as department chair. He founded the campus Child Development Center and was recognized with the University_s Outstanding Professor Award. He has written many publications and has made numerous professional presentations on children's language, cognitive, and behavioral development and on behavioral systems approaches to development. His research interests include language, cognitive, and literacy development. He is a Board Certified Behavior Analyst.

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
Introduction
A Behavioral Systems Approach
A Dynamical Systems Approach
What Is Development?
A Natural Science Approach to Development
The Continuum of Scientific Disciplines
Metaphors for Understanding Developmental Levels
Reductionism and Antireductionism
Behavioral Systems and Developmental Psychology
The Central Role of Learning for Development
The Evolutionary Significance of Learning
A Parallelism Between Evolution and Learning
What Do Developmental Psychologists Do?
Summary
Note
Modern Developmental Theory
The Importance of Theory
Four Dimensions on Which Theories Differ
Judging Developmental Theories: Seven Criteria
Research Designs in Behavioral Development
A Behavioral Systems Approach
Principles of Dynamical Systems
Organism-Environment Model
Developmental Questions for Research
Summary
Notes
Behavior Genetics
The Human Genome
Controversy: The Role of Genetics in Development
Behavior Genetics: The Structures
Genetic Functions
Genetic Variability
Sources of Development: The Combined Roles of Heredity and Environment
Does Behavioral Development Result From Interactions?
What Factors Transact In Human Development?
How Do Genes and Environment Interact?
A Behavioral View: Person-Environment Interactions
A Behavioral Systems Approach
Summary
Notes
Prenatal, Birth, and Postnatal Periods
Periods of Prenatal Development
Principles of Prenatal Development
The Earliest Environment
A Closer Look at Teratogens
Reproductive Risk Versus Caretaking Casuality
Getting Ready for the World
Postnatal Development: The Remarkable Newborn
The Neonate's Ability to Respond to the Environment
Sensory Abilities
Perceptual Abilities as Universal Behaviors
Reflexes as Universal Behaviors
How Do Reflexes Change?
Summary
Note
Learning I: Habituation and Respondent Learning
Learning as a Natural Selection Process
Classifying Stimuli
Functional Stimulus Classes
Types of Learning
Habituation
Contiguity and Learning
Respondent Learning
The Treatment of Fears and Phobias: An Application of Respondent Learning
Operant Learning
Response Classes and Operants
How Do Operants and Respondents Differ?
Summary
Notes
Operant Learning
The Contributions of B. F. Skinner (1904-1990)
What Is a Contingency?
The Three-Term Contingency
The Four-Term Contingency
The First Term: The Response
The Second Term: The Consequence
The Third Term: The Discriminative Stimulus (Sd)
The Fourth Term: The Setting Event (SE) or Establishing Operation (EO)
What Changes? The Development of Acquired Reinforcing Stimuli
Operant Learning and Dynamical Principles of Development
Summary
Notes
Cognitive Development
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
Behavioral Approaches to Cognitive Development
Fischer's Skill Learning Approach to Cognitive Development
Skill Theory and Behavior Analysis
Stimulus Equivalence and Cognitive Development
Summary
Notes
The Development of Communication
Structure Versus Function: Clashing Theories
A Structural Approach: Psycholinguistics
A Functional Approach: The Analysis of Verbal Behavior
Early Stages of Language Development
Language Development as Skill Learning
Summary
Personality and the Self
Personality: Biological Theories
Personality: Behavioral Approaches
A Behavioral Systems Approach to Personality
Gender Differences
The Self
Summary
Note
Social and Emotional Development
Why Study Social and Emotional Development?
Processes in Social Behavior
Social Behaviors as Reinforcers
Observational Learning
Prosocial Transactions: Intuitive Parenting
The Origins of Social Phenomena
The Power of Touch
Fear
Social Referencing
Sibling Rivalry and Jealousy
Social Cognition and Environment
Prosocial Behaviors in Early Childhood
The Development of Morality
Summary
Note
Development of Antisocial Behaviors
What Are Antisocial Interactions?
The Origins of Aggression
A Behavioral Systems Approach
Coercive Family Process: Basic Training of Antisocial Behavior in the Home
The Development of Aggression
Changing the Behavioral Systems: Parent Training
Three Keys to Effective Parenting
A Behavioral Systems View of Physical Child Abuse
Summary
The Family System
Families as the Mediators of Society and Culture
The Universal Functions of Parenting
The Social and Cultural Context of Families
The Family as a System of Systems
The Functions of Family Members
Levels of Systems: How Society Influences Child Development
What Happens When the Role is Absent or Changed?
The Effects of Divorce
Patterns of Family Discipline
Children in the Context of Poverty
Summary
Note
Schools
The Schools as Agents of Society and Culture
The Functions of Education
Type S and Type F Systems
Learning and Teaching
Teaching as Applied Developmental Psychology
What Makes for Effective Teaching
What and How to Teach: Final Comments
Summary
Notes
Adolescence
What Is Adolescent Behavioral Development?
Physical Development and Behavior
Environmental Factors Affecting Puberty
Moral Behavior and Reasoning
Personality Development During Adolescence
Parenting Style
Family and Social Support Systems
Behavioral Disorders During Adolescence
Love and Romantic Relations
Adolescent Attachment and Separation
Summary
Behavior Disorders of Childhood
What Are Behavioral Disorders?
Behavior Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence
What Causes Behavior Disorders?
Assessment of Behavior Disorders
Types of Behavioral Disorders
Summary
Glossary
References
Name Index
Subject Index

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