Biomedical Ethics for Engineers Ethics and Decision Making in Biomedical and Biosystem Engineering

ISBN-10: 0750682272
ISBN-13: 9780750682275
Edition: 2007
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Description: Biomedical Ethics for Engineers provides biomedical engineers with a new set of tools and an understanding that the application of ethical measures will seldom reach consensus even among fellow engineers and scientists. The solutions are never  More...

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Book details

List price: $60.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 3/30/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 408
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.892
Language: English

Biomedical Ethics for Engineers provides biomedical engineers with a new set of tools and an understanding that the application of ethical measures will seldom reach consensus even among fellow engineers and scientists. The solutions are never completely technical, so the engineer must continue to improve the means of incorporating a wide array of societal perspectives, without sacrificing sound science and good design principles. Dan Vallero understands that engineering is a profession that profoundly affects the quality of life from the subcellular and nano to the planetary scale. Protecting and enhancing life is the essence of ethics; thus every engineer and design professional needs a foundation in bioethics. In high-profile emerging fields such as nanotechnology, biotechnology and green engineering, public concerns and attitudes become especially crucial factors given the inherent uncertainties and high stakes involved. Ethics thus means more than a commitment to abide by professional norms of conduct. This book discusses the full suite of emerging biomedical and environmental issues that must be addressed by engineers and scientists within a global and societal context. In addition it gives technical professionals tools to recognize and address bioethical questions and illustrates that an understanding of the application of these measures will seldom reach consensus even among fellow engineers and scientists. Working tool for biomedical engineers in the new age of technology Numerous case studies to illustrate the direct application of ethical techniques and standards Ancillary materials available online for easy integration into any academic program

Daniel Vallero, PhD, is Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, where he leads the Engineering Ethics Program and teaches courses in green engineering and professional ethics. He has also conducted research related to environmental exposures and risk in human populations and ecosystems and has advised policy-makers around the world on a variety of human health risks and ecological issues.Chris Brasier, AIA, LEED AP, is a Principal with SmithGroup, an architectural, engineering and planning practice. He is also a Lecturer in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Duke University where he is Director of the Architectural Engineering Certificate Program and co-teachesa course with Dr. Vallero in green engineering.

Preface
Done Is Good
Structure and Pedagogy
Notes and Commentary
Acknowledgments
Bioethics Questions Posed in Text
Prologue: Bioethics - Discovery through Design
A Different Approach to Bioethics
Arguments for and Against Case Analysis
Driver's Education Analogy
Example Case: Priming the Pump
Case Analysis
Notes and Commentary
Bioethics: A Creative Approach
Thought Experiments
Teachable Moment: Trust
The Principle of Double Effect
Teachable Moment: The Engineer as Agent versus Judge
Amy the Engineer
Teachable Moment: Who Was Van Rensselaer Potter?
Credat Emptor
Teachable Moment: Capital Punishment, Abortion, and the Definition of Human Life
The Good Engineer
Feedback and Enhancement of Design
Teachable Moment: The Good Engineer
The Profession of Engineering
Engineering Bioethics and Morality
Discussion Box: Ethics and the Butterfly Effect
"Small" Error and Devastating Outcomes
Technology, Engineering, and Economics
Teachable Moment: The Dismal Scientist versus the Technological Optimist
Engineering Competence
Engineering: Both Integrated and specialized
Who Is a Professional?
What Is Technical?
Systematics: Incorporating Ethics into the Design Process
Notes and Commentary
Bioethics and the Engineer
Major Bioethical Areas
Cloning and Stem Cell Research
Teachable Moment: Nanog
Human Enhancement
Patenting Life
Teachable Moment: Patenting Germplasm
Neuroethics
Organ Transplantation
Responsible Conduct of Human Research
Animal Testing
Is the Research Worth It?
Systematic Reality Check
Genetically Modified Organisms
Transgenic Species
Food
Environmental Health: The Ethics of Scale and the Scale of Ethics
Temporal Aspects of Bioethical Decisions: Environmental Case Studies
Agent Orange
Japanese Metal Industries
Minamata Mercury Case
Cadmium and Itai Itai Disease
Scale Is More than Size
Love Canal
Times Beach
Teachable Moment: The Whole Is Greater than the Sum of Its Parts
Active Engineering
Ethical Theories: A Primer
Truth
Psychological Aspects of Ethics
Teachable Moment: The Physiome Project: The Macroethics of Engineering toward Health
Fairness
Value as a Bioethical and Engineering Concept
Technical Optimism versus Dismal Science
Notes and Commentary
An Engineered Future: Human Enhancement
Professional Zeitgeist: How Engineers Think
Improvement versus Enhancement
Engineering Intuition
Engineers versus Economists
Intuiting Value
Deductive and Inductive Reasoning: Precursors to Intuition
Creativity
Moral Coherence
Creativity and Bioethics
The Ethical Quandary of Enhancement
Scientific Dissent
Notes and Commentary
The Bioethical Engineer
Professional Trust
Codes of Ethics: Words to Live By
Discussion Box: The Code of Hammurabi
Limitations of Codes of Ethics
Risk Shifting: Organochlorine Pesticides
Right of Professional Conscience
Groupthink and the Right of Conscience
Animals and Engineers
Teachable Moment: Confined Animal Feeding Operations and the Moral Standing of Animals
Making Ethical Decisions in Engineering
Discussion Box: Four Persons Who Changed the Way We Think about Nature
John Muir
Rachel Carson
Christopher Stone
Gaylord Nelson
Notes and Commentary
Bioethical Research and Technological Development
Beyond Regulation
Integrity
Teachable Moment: The Therapeutic Misconception
The Experiment
The Hypothetico-Deductive Method
Research Conflict of Interest
Teachable Moment: Truth and Turtles
Professionalism
Technology: Friend and Foe
Teachable Moment: Medical Device Risk
Risk Homeostasis and the Theory of Offsetting Behavior
Artifacts
Automation and Mechanization of Medicine
Professional Consideration: Do Engineers Have Patients?
Technological Reliability
Low Tech Engineering
Information Technology
The Ethics of Nanotechnology
Notes and Commentary
Bioethical Success and Failure
Teachable Moment: Engineering Measurement
Measurements of Success and Failure
Technological Success and Failure
Risk as a Bioethical Concept
Safety, Risk, and Reliability in Design
Probability: The Mathematics of Risk and Reliability
Discussion Box: Choose Your Risk
Reliability: An Ethics Metric
Reducing Risks
Risk as an Ethical Concept
Risk-Based Ethics: The Syllogism Revisited
Causation
Biographical Box: Sir Bradford Hill
Notes and Commentary
Analyzing Bioethical Success and Failure
Medical Device Failure: Human Factors Engineering
Teachable Moment: How to Analyse a Medical Device
Utility as a Measure of Success
Mistakes and Miscalculations
Extraordinary Natural Circumstances
Critical Path
Negligence
Lack of Imagination
Bioterrorism: The Engineer's Response
Dual Use and Primacy of Science
Social Response of Engineering to Terrorism
Success Paradigms
Characterizing Success and Failure
Accountability
Value
Case Analysis
Notes and Commentary
Justice and Fairness as Biomedical and Biosystem Engineering Concepts
Fairness and Distributive Justice
Discussion Box: Harm and the Hippocratic Oath
Teachable Moment: Disposal of a Slightly Hazardous Waste
Solution and Discussion
Though Experiment: Who Is More Ethical?
Professional Virtue and Empathy
Teachable Moment: Albert Schweitzer and the Reverence for Life
Reason
Teachable Moment: Abortion, Fairness, and Justice
Utility
Teachable Moment: Utility and Futility
Precaution as a Bioethical Concept
Discussion Box: The Tragedy of the Commons
Notes and Commentary
Sustainable Bioethics
Green Is Good
Sustainability
Teachable Moment: Rational Ethics and Thermodynamics
Life Cycles and Concurrent Engineering
Case Study Box: SIDS, A Concurrent Engineering Failure
Discussion Box: The Coffee Cup Debate
The Bioethics of Combustion
Systematic Bioethics
Seveso Plant Disaster
Poverty and Pollution
Interdependence
Notes and Commentary
Engineering Wisdom
Ethics and Chaos
Macroethics and Microethics
Future Directions
The Humble Engineer
Notes and Commentary
Epilogue: Practical Bioethics
Shutting Down the Pump
Objectivity and Finding Truth
Moral Courage
Bioethics Resources for the Engineer
Suggested Readings
Ethics of Emerging Technologies
Ethical Analysis, Reasoning, and Decision Making
Macroethics and Societal Risk
Teaching Engineering Macroethics
Teaching Engineering Microethics
Useful Websites
Notes and Commentary
Glossary of Terms Likely to Be Encountered in Bioethical Decision Making
Name Index
Subject Index

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