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What Causes War? An Introduction to Theories of International Conflict

ISBN-10: 074256651X
ISBN-13: 9780742566514
Edition: 2nd 2013 (Revised)
Authors: Greg Cashman
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Book details

List price: $44.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/29/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 620
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.146
Language: English

Preface and Acknowledgments
Empirical Theory and the Causes of War
Empirical Theory
Levels of Analysis
The Individual Level of Analysis, Part I: Human Aggression
Why Are Human Beings Aggressive? The Nature-Nurture Dispute
Nature: Early Ethology
Nature: Second-Wave Studies in Ethology and Primatology
Nurture: The Basics
Nurture: Cultural Evolution
Nurture: Peaceful Societies
Nurture: Social Learning Theory
Nurture: Three Experiments in Learning Peace and War
Conclusion
The Individual Level of Analysis, Part II: Psychological Explanations for War
Do Individuals Make a Difference?
The Role of Reason: The Rational Model
The Role of Personality: Psychological Theories
The Role of Emotion: The Cognitive Revolution
The Role of Bias: Heuristic Theories
The Role of Risk Bias: Prospect Theory
The Role of Images and Beliefs
The Role of Decision-Stage Psychology: The Rubicon Theory
The Role of Misperception
The Role of Stress
Conclusion
The Substate Level of Analysis: Group Decision Making
The Role of Rationality in Small Groups: The Rational Actor Model
The Role of Rationality: Expected Utility Theory
Why Governments Don't Use the Rational Actor Model
The Role of Rationality: Bounded Rationality Theory
The Role of Structure: The Organizational Process Model
The Role of Structure: The Bureaucratic Politics Model
The Role of Group Psychology: Groupthink
Group Concurrence Beyond Groupthink
Prescriptions for Better Small-Group Decision Making
Conclusion
The State Level of Analysis, Part I: Political, Economic, and Demographic Factors
Liberalism: Some Basics
The Role of Regime Type (1): Democracy and the Monadic Peace
The Role of Regime Type (2): Democratization
The Role of Regime Type (3): Rogue States
The Role of the Business Cycle: Good Times and Bad Times
Does Size Matter? The Role of Power, Size, and Development
The Role of Population (1): Lebensraum
The Role of Population (2): Lateral Pressure
Conclusion
The State Level of Analysis, Part II: Internal Conflicts, Nationalism, and War Weariness
The Role of Internal Conflict (1): The Diversionary/Scapegoat Theory of War
The Role of Internal Conflict (2): Contested Institutions
The Role of Internal Conflict (3): "Kick 'Em While They're Down" Wars
The Role of Internal Conflict (4): Revolution
The Role of Internal Conflict (5): Outside Intervention in Internal Conflicts
The Role of Internal Conflict: Summing Up and Implications
The Role of Nationalism
The Role of War Weariness
Conclusion
The Dyadic Level of Analysis, Part I: The Nature of Dyads-Really Bad Dyads and Pretty Good Dyads
The Role of Contiguity and Territorial Disputes
The Role of Shared Ethnicity
The Role of Rivalry
The Role of Regime Types in Dyads
The Role of Dyadic Power Balances
Conclusion
The Dyadic Level of Analysis, Part II: International Interactions
The Role of Action and Reaction in Dyads (I): The Spiral Model
The Role of Conciliatory Responses in the Spiral Model: Liberal and Conservative Views
Implications for Theory and Policy: The Security Dilemma
The Spiral Model: A Dissenting Opinion
The Role of Actions and Reactions (II): Arms Races
The Steps-to-War Theory
GRIT as a Solution to the Conflict Spirals
Conclusion
The Dyadic Level of Analysis, Part III: Game Theory, Bargaining, and Deterrence Theory
Game Theory
Bargaining Theory
Deterrence Theory
Deterrence: Empirical Research
Cognitive Psychology and Deterrence
Nuclear Weapons and Deterrence
Deterrence: Conclusion
The International System Level of Analysis, Part I: Realism, Anarchy, and the Balance of Power
International Anarchy
Classical Realism
Neorealism
Defensive Realism
Offense-Defense Realism
Offensive Realism
Neoclassical Realism
Realism and the Roles of Polarity and Polarization
Bipolarity and Multipolarity: The Theoretical Debate
Polarization: Empirical Research
Alliances: Empirical Research
Polarity: Empirical Research
Combined Effects: Polarity and Polarization
Polarity and Offensive Realism: Mearsheimer's Balanced and Unbalanced Systems
Conclusion
The International System Level of Analysis, Part II: Power Dynamics, Cyclical Theories, and Historical-Structural Theories of War
Status Discrepancy
Power Transition Theory
Copeland's Dynamic Differentials Theory
Historical-Cyclical Theories of War
Gilpin's Theory of Hegemonic War
Modelski's Leadership Long Cycle Theory
Wallerstein's World Systems Approach
Doran's Relative Power Cycle Theory
Systemic Theories: Implications
Constructivism: A Digression
The Constructivist Approach: Basic Principles
Constructivist Theory and War
The Iraq War: A Constructivist Analysis
Conclusion
The Causes of War: Some Basics
The Perfect Storm
Different Paths to War?
The Causes of Peace: Is War Becoming Obsolete?
Notes
Selected Bibliography
Index
About the Author

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