Research Methods in Biomechanics

ISBN-10: 073603966X
ISBN-13: 9780736039666
Edition: 2004
List price: $82.00
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Description: This text provides a firm foundation in the biomechanical methods and tools necessary for quantifying human movements. Research Methods in Biomechanics is an invaluable resource for developing and seasoned researchers wishing to hone their skills  More...

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Book details

List price: $82.00
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date: 4/21/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 320
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.442
Language: English

This text provides a firm foundation in the biomechanical methods and tools necessary for quantifying human movements. Research Methods in Biomechanics is an invaluable resource for developing and seasoned researchers wishing to hone their skills and learn new techniques in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.The reference shows how the laws of motion are applied to complex human movements. The text demonstrates how to combine segments to obtain limb or total-body measures. All the material is presented in such a way that you need only basic knowledge of Newtonian mechanics and vector algebra to benefit.The easy-to-navigate book is organized into 11 chapters and three parts.Part 1describes the kinematics of motion using 2- and 3-D analyses.Part 2considers the kinetics of motion with respect to quantifying forces, work, impulse, and power. Both 2- and 3-D analyses are again provided, as well as methods to directly and indirectly measure forces.Part 3examines numerous additional techniques to quantify motion, including electromyography, muscle modeling, and computer simulation.Research Methods in Biomechanics contains extensive tables, reference materials, and other features that will enhance your understanding of the material:--Each chapter begins with objectives that enable you to quickly access different topics.-Exercises appear throughout the text, allowing you to test your skills.-Key terms are highlighted and defined in a handy glossary.-Current studies from scholarly journals are analyzed to demonstrate how different methods and techniques apply in actual research experiments.-Suggested readings provide direction for deeper study.This text will help you test your skills in using a variety of research methods and apply the requirements and steps necessary for valid data collection. It is a must-have for biomechanics professionals, researchers, and students.

Preface
Introduction: Biomechanics Analysis Techniques: A Primer
What Tools Are Needed in Biomechanics?
Applications of the Principles of Biomechanics: An Example
Numerical Accuracy and Significant Digits
Summary
Kinematics
Planar Kinematics
Description of Position
Degrees of Freedom
Kinematic Data Collection
Linear Kinematics
Angular Kinematics
Summary
Suggested Readings
Three-Dimensional Kinematics
Scalars, Vectors, and Matrices
Collection of Three-Dimensional Data
Coordinate Systems
Marker Systems
Determination of the Local Coordinate System
Transformations Between Reference Systems
Joint Angles
Segment Angles
Summary
Suggested Readings
Kinetics
Body Segment Parameters
Methods for Measuring and Estimating Body Segment Parameters
Two-Dimensional (Planar) Computational Methods
Three-Dimensional (Spatial) Computational Methods
Summary
Suggested Readings
Forces and Their Measurement
Force
Newton's Laws
Free-Body Diagrams
Types of Forces
Moment of Force, or Torque
Linear Impulse and Momentum
Angular Impulse and Momentum
Measurement of Force
Summary
Suggested Readings
Two-Dimensional Inverse Dynamics
Planar Motion Analysis
Numerical Formulation
General Plane Motion
Method of Sections
Human Joint Kinetics
Applications
Summary
Suggested Readings
Energy, Work, and Power
Energy, Work, and the Laws of Thermodynamics
Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Ergometry: Direct Methods
Ergometry: Indirect Methods
Mechanical Efficiency
Summary
Suggested Readings
Three-Dimensional Kinetics
Laboratory Setup
Data Required for Three-Dimensional Analysis
Anthropometry
Sources of Error in Three-Dimensional Calculations
Three-Dimensional Kinetics Calculations
Presentation of the Data
Summary
Suggested Readings
Additional Techniques
Electromyographic Kinesiology
Physiology of the Electromyographic Signal
Recording and Acquiring the Electromyographic Signal
Analyzing and Interpreting the Electromyographic Signal
Applications for Electromyographic Techniques
Summary
Suggested Readings
Muscle Modeling
The Hill Muscle Model
Musculoskeletal Models
Summary
Suggested Readings
Computer Simulation of Human Movement
Overview: Modeling As a Process
Why Simulate Human Movement?
General Procedure for Simulations
Free-Body Diagrams
Differential Equations
Model Derivation: Lagrange's Equation of Motion
Numerical Solution Techniques
Control Theory
Limitations of Computer Models
Summary
Suggested Readings
Signal Processing
Characteristics of a Signal
Fourier Transform
Time-Dependent Fourier Transform
Sampling Theorem
Ensuring Circular Continuity
Smoothing Data
Summary
Suggested Readings
International System of Units (System International, SI)
Selected Factors for Converting Between Units of Measure
Basic Electronics
Vector Operations
Matrix Operations
Numerical Integration of Double Pendulum Equations
Derivation of Double Pendulum Equations
Discrete Fourier Transform Subroutine
Shannon's Reconstruction Subroutine
Example Answers
Glossary
References
Index
About the Authors

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