Development, Democracy, and Welfare States Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe

ISBN-10: 0691135967

ISBN-13: 9780691135960

Edition: 2009

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Description: This is the first book to compare the distinctive welfare states of Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe. Stephan Haggard and Robert Kaufman trace the historical origins of social policy in these regions to crucial political changes in the mid-twentieth century, and show how the legacies of these early choices are influencing welfare reform following democratization and globalization. After World War II, communist regimes in Eastern Europe adopted wide-ranging socialist entitlements while conservative dictatorships in East Asia sharply limited social security but invested in education. In Latin America, where welfare systems were instituted earlier, unequal social security systems favored formal sector workers and the middle class. Haggard and Kaufman compare the different welfare paths of the countries in these regions following democratization and the move toward more open economies. Although these transformations generated pressure to reform existing welfare systems, economic performance and welfare legacies exerted a more profound influence. The authors show how exclusionary welfare systems and economic crisis in Latin America created incentives to adopt liberal social policy reforms, while social entitlements from the communist era limited the scope of liberal reforms in the new democracies of Eastern Europe. In East Asia, high growth and permissive fiscal conditions provided opportunities to broaden social entitlements in the new democracies. This book highlights the importance of placing the contemporary effects of democratization and globalization into a broader historical context.

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Book details

List price: $46.00
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 9/14/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 496
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.760
Language: English

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface and Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction: Toward a Political Economy of Social Policy
The Historical Origins of Welfare Systems, 1945-80
Social Policy in Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe, 1945-80: An Overview
The Expansion of Welfare Commitments in Latin America, 1945-80
The Evolution of Social Contracts in East Asia, 1950-80
Building the Socialist Welfare State: The Expansion of Welfare Commitments in Eastern Europe
Democratization, Economic Crisis, and Welfare Reform, 1980-2005
The Political Economy of Welfare Reform
Democracy, Growth, and the Evolution of Social Contracts in East Asia, 1980-2005
Democracy, Economic Crisis, and Social Policy in Latin America, 1980-2005
The Legacy of the Socialist Welfare State, 1990-2005
Conclusion: Latin America, East Asia, Eastern Europe, and the Theory of the Welfare State
Cross-National Empirical Studies of the Effects of Democracy on Social Policy and Social Outcomes
Fiscal Federalism and Social Spending in Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe
A Cross-Section Model of Social Policy and Outcomes in Middle-Income Countries, 1973-80
Regime-Coding Rules
A Cross-Section, Time-Series Model of Social Spending in Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe, 1980-2000
Social Security, Health, and Education Expenditure in East Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe, 1980-2005
References
Index
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