Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell

ISBN-10: 0691125058
ISBN-13: 9780691125053
Edition: 2007
List price: $99.95
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Description: Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell provides a clear, concise, and up-to-date overview of the atomic nucleus and the theories that seek to explain it. Bringing together a systematic explanation of hadrons, nuclei, and stars for the first time in one  More...

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Book details

List price: $99.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 4/23/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 488
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.486
Language: English

Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell provides a clear, concise, and up-to-date overview of the atomic nucleus and the theories that seek to explain it. Bringing together a systematic explanation of hadrons, nuclei, and stars for the first time in one volume, Carlos Bertulani provides the core material needed by graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics to acquire a solid understanding of nuclear and particle science. Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell is the definitive new resource for anyone considering a career in this dynamic field.The book opens by setting nuclear physics in the context of elementary particle physics and then shows how simple models can provide an understanding of the properties of nuclei, both in their ground states and excited states, and also of the nature of nuclear reactions. It then describes: nuclear constituents and their characteristics; nuclear interactions; nuclear structure, including the liquid-drop model approach, and the nuclear shell model; and recent developments such as the nuclear mean-field and the nuclear physics of very light nuclei, nuclear reactions with unstable nuclear beams, and the role of nuclear physics in energy production and nucleosynthesis in stars.Throughout, discussions of theory are reinforced with examples that provide applications, thus aiding students in their reading and analysis of current literature. Each chapter closes with problems, and appendixes address supporting technical topics.

Introduction
What is Nuclear Physics?
This Book
Hadrons
Nucleons
Nuclear Forces
Pions
Antiparticles
Inversion and Parity
Isospin and Baryonic Number
Isospin Invariance
Magnetic Moment of the Nucleons
Strangeness and Hypercharge
Quantum Chromodynamics
Exercises
The Two-Nucleon System
Introduction
Electrostatic Multipoles
Magnetic Moment with Spin-orbit Coupling
Experimental Data for the Deuteron
A Square-well Model for the Deuteron
The Deuteron Wavefunction
Angular momentum coupling
Two particles of spin [fraction12]
Total wavefunction
Particles in the Continuum: Scattering
Partial Wave Expansion
Low Energy Scattering
Effective Range Theory
Proton-Proton Scattering
Neutron-Neutron Scattering
High Energy Scattering
Laboratory and Center of Mass Systems
Exercises
The Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction
Introduction
Phenomenological Potentials
Local Potentials
Nonlocal potential
Meson Exchange Potentials
Yukawa and Van der Waals potentials
Field theory picture
Short range part of the NN interaction
Chiral symmetry
Generalized boson exchange
Beyond boson exchange
Effective Field Theories
Exercises
General Properties of Nuclei
Introduction
Nuclear Radii
Binding Energies
Total Angular Momentum of the Nucleus
Multipole Moments
Magnetic Dipole Moment
Electric Quadrupole Moment
Excited States of Nuclei
Nuclear Stability
Exercises
Nuclear Models
Introduction
The Liquid Drop Model
The Fermi Gas Model
The Shell Model
Residual Interaction
Nuclear Vibrations
Nuclear Deformation
The Nilsson Model
The Rotational Model
Microscopic Theories
Hartree-Fock theory
The Skyrme interaction
Relativistic mean field theory
Exercises
Radioactivity
Introduction
Multiple Decays-Decay Chain
Preparation of a Radioactive Sample
Secular Equilibrium
Natural Radioactive Series
Radiation Units
Radioactive Dating
Properties of Unstable States-Level Width
Transition Probability-Golden Rule
Exercises
Alpha-Decay
Introduction
Theory of [alpha]-Decay
Angular Momentum and Parity in [alpha]-Decay
Exercises
Beta-Decay
Introduction
Energy Released in [Beta]-Decay
Fermi Theory
The Decay Constant-The Log ft Value
Gamow-Teller Transitions
Selection Rules
Parity Nonconservation in [Beta]-Decay
Double [Beta]-Decay
Electron Capture
Exercises
Gamma-Decay
Introduction
Quantization of Electromagnetic Fields
Fields and gauge invariance
Normal modes
Photons
Interaction of Radiation with Matter
Radiation probability
Long wavelength approximation
Quantum and Classical Transition Rates
Selection Rules
Estimate of the Disintegration Constants
Isomeric States
Internal Conversion
Resonant Absorption-The Mossbauer Effect
Exercises
Nuclear Reactions-I
Introduction
Conservation Laws
Kinematics of Nuclear Reactions
Scattering and Reaction Cross Sections
Resonances
Compound Nucleus
Mean Free Path of a Nucleon in Nuclei
Empirical Optical Potential
Compound Nucleus Formation
Compound Nucleus Decay
Exercises
Nuclear Reactions-II
Direct Reactions
Theory of direct reactions
Validation of the Shell Model
Photonuclear Reactions
Cross sections
Sum rules
Giant resonances
Coulomb Excitation
Fission
Mass Distribution of Fission Fragments
Neutrons Emitted in Fission
Cross Sections for Fission
Energy Distribution in Fission
Isomeric Fission
Exercises
Nuclear Astrophysics
Introduction
Astronomical Observations
The Milky Way
Dark matter
Luminosity and Hubble's law
The Big Bang
Stellar Evolution
Stars burn slowly
Gamow peak and astrophysical S-factor
The Sun
Deuterium formation
Deuterium burning
[superscript 3]He burning
Reactions involving [superscript 7]Be
The CNO Cycle
Hot CNO and rp process
Helium Burning
Red Giants
Advanced Burning Stages
Carbon burning
Neon burning
Oxygen burning
Silicon burning
Synthesis of Heaviest Elements
White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars
Supernova Explosions
Nuclear Reaction Models
Microscopic models
Potential and DWBA models
Parameter fit
Statistical models
Exercises
Rare Nuclear Isotopes
Introduction
Light Exotic Nuclei
Halo nuclei
Bonomean nuclei
Superheavy Elements
Exercises
Angular Momentum
Orbital Momentum
Spherical Functions
Generation of Rotations
Orbital Rotations
Spin
Ladder Operators
Angular Momentum Multiplets
Multiplets as Irreducible Representations
SU(2) Group and Spin [fraction12]
Properties of Spherical Harmonics
Explicit derivation
Legendre polynomials
Completeness
Spherical functions as matrix elements of finite rotations
Addition theorem
Angular Momentum Coupling
Tensor Operators
Transformation of operators
Scalars and vectors
Tensors of rank 2
Introduction to selection rules
Angular Momentum Coupling
Two subsystems
Decomposition of reducible representations
Tensor operators and section rules revisited
Vector coupling of angular momenta
Wigner-Eckart theorem
Vector Model
Symmetries
Time Reversal
Spin Transformation and Kramer's Theorem
Time-conjugate Orbits
Two-component Neutrino and Fundamental Symmetries
Charge Conjugation
Electric Dipole Moment
CPT-Invariance
Relativistic Quantum Mechanics
Lagrangians
Covariance
Electromagnetic Field
Relativistic Equations
Particle at rest
Covariant form: [gamma] matrices
Probability and Current
Wavefunction Transformation
Bilinear Covariants
Parity
Plane Waves
Summary of plane wave spinor properties
Projection operators
Plane Wave Expansion
Electromagnetic Interaction
Pauli Equation
Spin-orbit and Darwin terms
Useful Constants and Conversion Factors
Constants
Masses
Conversion Factors
References
Index

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