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Muslims Through Discourse Religion and Ritual in Gayo Socie

ISBN-10: 0691028702
ISBN-13: 9780691028705
Edition: 1993
Authors: John R. Bowen
List price: $62.50 Buy it from $6.61
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Description: In this rich account of a Muslim society in highland Sumatra, Indonesia, John Bowen describes how men and women debate among themselves ideas of what Islam is and should be--as it pertains to all areas of their lives, from work to worship. Whereas  More...

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Book details

List price: $62.50
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 5/9/1993
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 376
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.188
Language: English

In this rich account of a Muslim society in highland Sumatra, Indonesia, John Bowen describes how men and women debate among themselves ideas of what Islam is and should be--as it pertains to all areas of their lives, from work to worship. Whereas many previous anthropological studies have concentrated on the purely local aspects of culture, this book captures and analyzes the tension between the local and universal in everyday life. Current religious differences among the Gayo stem from debates between "traditionalist" and "modernist" scholars that began in the 1930s, and reveal themselves in the ways Gayo discuss and perform worship, sacrifice, healing, and rites of birth and death, all within an Islamic framework. Bowen considers the power these debates accord to language, especially in arguments over spells, rites of farming, hunting, and healing. Moreover, he traces in these debates a general conception of transacting with spirits that has shaped Gayo practices of sacrifice, worship, and aiding the dead. Bowen concludes by examining the development of competing religious ideas in the highlands, the alternative ritual forms and ideas they have pro-mulgated, and the implications of this phenomenon for the emergence of an Islamic public sphere.

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments
Note on Transcription
A Genealogy of Divergent Understandings
Introduction
Religious Disputes in Takengen
On Modernists and Traditionalists
Social and Moral Contexts
Islamic Knowledge in the Highlands, 1900-1990
Languages of Past Piety and Learning
The Development of Traditionalist Scholarship
Muhammadiyah: Social and Religious Innovation in the Highlands
Radical Reform through Islamic Education
Powerful Speech and Spirit Transactions
Spells, Prayer, and the Power of Words
Distinctions among Doa
The Efficacy of Spells
Quranic Knowledge and Power
Acquiring Power and Expecting Results
The Source of Human Powers in History
The Creation of the World
The Human Embodiment of Creation
The Coming of Islam to Aceh
The Healer's Struggle
Healers and Knowledge
Finding the Jin
Restoring the Balance
Asking a Spirit to Depart
Exorcism and Accountability
Casting Out the Spirits
The Social Framework of Exorcism
Farming, Ancestors, and the Sacred Landscape
Speaking with the Ancestor
Protecting the Crops and the Community
Ancestors and Other Sacred Beings
Adam and Eve's Children
The Origins of Rice
Cain, Abel, and the Marriage of Twins
Hunting, Healing, and Spiritual Siblingship
Negotiating Public Rituals
Transacting through Food: The Kenduri and Its Critics
Prayers, Food, and Sacrifice
Celebrating the Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
The Child's Entry into the World
Speaking for the Dead
Speaking to the Dead at the Grave
Negotiating the Passage of the Dead
Chanting for the Deceased
Sacrifice, Merit, and Self-Interest
Generating Merit in Isak
"Selfless Sacrifice" in Takengen
Worship and Public Life
Form and Feeling in Worship
Worshiping Together
Disputations
Mosque Politics
The Social Forms of Religious Change
Creating Private and Public Spheres
Two Modes of Cultural Rationalization
Public Discourse and the State
Glossary of Gayo and Arabic Terms
Bibliography
Index

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