Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics

ISBN-10: 0691017077
ISBN-13: 9780691017075
Edition: 2006
List price: $115.00
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Description: Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamicsprovides a broad theoretical framework upon which graduate students and upper-level undergraduates can formulate an understanding of the processes that control the mean concentration and distribution of biologically  More...

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Book details

List price: $115.00
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 6/9/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 528
Size: 9.25" wide x 11.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.894
Language: English

Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamicsprovides a broad theoretical framework upon which graduate students and upper-level undergraduates can formulate an understanding of the processes that control the mean concentration and distribution of biologically utilized elements and compounds in the ocean. Though it is written as a textbook, it will also be of interest to more advanced scientists as a wide-ranging synthesis of our present understanding of ocean biogeochemical processes. The first two chapters of the book provide an introductory overview of biogeochemical and physical oceanography. The next four chapters concentrate on processes at the air-sea interface, the production of organic matter in the upper ocean, the remineralization of organic matter in the water column, and the processing of organic matter in the sediments. The focus of these chapters is on analyzing the cycles of organic carbon, oxygen, and nutrients. The next three chapters round out the authors' coverage of ocean biogeochemical cycles with discussions of silica, dissolved inorganic carbon and alkalinity, and CaCO 3 . The final chapter discusses applications of ocean biogeochemistry to our understanding of the role of the ocean carbon cycle in interannual to decadal variability, paleoclimatology, and the anthropogenic carbon budget. The problem sets included at the end of each chapter encourage students to ask critical questions in this exciting new field. While much of the approach is mathematical, the math is at a level that should be accessible to students with a year or two of college level mathematics and/or physics.

Preface xi
Introduction
Chemical Composition of the Ocean
Distribution of Chemicals in the Ocean
Chapter Conclusion and Outline of Book 15
Problems
Tracer Conservation and Ocean Transport
Tracer Conservation Equation
Advection and Diffusion Components
Application to Box Models
Wind-Driven Circulation
Equations of Motion
Ekman Transport
Gyre Circulation
Wind-Driven Circulation in the Stratified Ocean
Basic Concepts
Ocean Stratification
Geostrophic Equations
Gyre Circulation with Stratification
Insights from the Potential Vorticity Distribution
Insights from Tracers
Insights from the Thermal Wind Relationship
Deep Ocean Circulation
Observations
Models
Summary of Deep Ocean Circulation
Time-Varying Flows
Mesoscale Variability
Interannual to Decadal Variability
Tropical Variability
Extratropical Variability
Problems
Air-Sea Interface
Introduction
Gas Solubilities
Gas Exchange
Stagnant Film Model
Laboratory Studies
Field Studies
Gas Transfer Velocity Models
Applications
Problems
Organic Matter Production
Introduction
Nutrient Supply
Light
Efficiency of the Biological Pump
Outline
Ecosystem Processes
Nutrients
Composition of Organic Matter
Limiting Nutrient
Paradigm of Surface Ocean Nitrogen Cycling
Phytoplankton
Classification of Organisms
Phytoplankton Distribution and Productivity
Modeling Photosynthesis
Zooplankton
Bacteria
Analysis of Ecosystem Behavior
Role of Light Supply
Classical Ecosystem Models
N-P Model--Bottom-up Limitation
N-P-Z Model--Top-Down Limitation
Adding the Microbial Loop
Multiple Size Class Ecosystem Models
The Model
Influence of Micronutrients
Applications
North Pacific versus North Atlantic
Oligotrophic Region
A Synthesis
The Regeneration Loop
The Export Pathway
The Role of Iron
Conclusions
Problems
Organic Matter Export and Remineralization
Introduction
Nutrient and Oxygen Distributions
Remineralizaton Reactions
Preformed and Remineralized Components
Dissolved and Particulate Organic Matter
Outline
Oxygen
Separation of Preformed and Remineralized Components
Deep Ocean Oxygen Utilization Rates
Thermocline Oxygen Utilization Rates
Nitrogen and Phosphorus
Stoichiometric Ratios
Phosphate
The Nitrogen Cycle
N* as a Tracer of Denitrification
N* as a Tracer of N2 Fixation
The Oceanic Nitrogen Budget
Nitrous Oxide
Organic Matter Cycling
Particulate Organic Matter
Overview
Particle Flux
The Role of Ballast
Particle Remineralization
Models of Particle Interactions
Dissolved Organic Matter
Models
Model Development
Sensitivity Studies
Applications: Control of Oceanic Oxygen
Problems
Remineralization and Burial in the Sediments
Introduction
Observations
Sediment Properties and Processes
Remineralization Reactions
Sediment Diagenesis Models
Pore Waters
Solids
Remineralization
Oxic Sediments
Anoxic Sediments
Dissolved Organic Carbon
Burial
The Substrate
The Oxidant
Protection by Mineral Adsorption
Synthesis
Organic Matter Budget
Problems
Silicate Cycle
Int

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