Cultural Realism Strategic Culture and Grand Strategy in Chinese History

ISBN-10: 0691002398

ISBN-13: 9780691002392

Edition: 1998

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Description:

Cultural Realismis an in-depth study of premodern Chinese strategic thought that has important implications for contemporary international relations theory. In applying a Western theoretical debate to China, Iain Johnston advances rigorous procedures for testing for the existence and influence of "strategic culture." Johnston sets out to answer two empirical questions. Is there a substantively consistent and temporally persistent Chinese strategic culture? If so, to what extent has it influenced China's approaches to security? The focus of his study is the Ming dynasty's grand strategy against the Mongols (1368-1644). First Johnston examines ancient military texts as sources of Chinese strategic culture, using cognitive mapping, symbolic analysis and congruence tests to determine whether there is a consistent grand strategic preference ranking across texts that constitutes a single strategic culture. Then he applies similar techniques to determine the effect of the strategic culture on the strategic preferences of the Ming decision makers. Finally, he assesses the effect of these preferences on Ming policies towards the Mongol "threat." The findings of this book challenge dominant interpretations of traditional Chinese strategic thought. They suggest also that the roots ofrealpolitikare ideational and not predominantly structural. The results lead to the surprising conclusion that there may be, in fact, fewer cross-national differences in strategic culture than proponents of the "strategic culture" approach think.
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Book details

List price: $55.00
Copyright year: 1998
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 8/16/1998
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 6.54" wide x 9.06" long x 0.78" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

List of Figures and Tables
Preface
Strategic Culture: A Critique
Some Questions of Methodology
Chinese Strategic Culture and the Parabellum Paradigm
Chinese Strategic Culture and Grand Strategic Preferences
A Return to Theory
The Parabellum Paradigm and the Ming Security Problematique
Chinese Strategic Culture and Ming Grand Strategic Choice
Conclusion
Coding Procedures
Terms Used to Describe Legitimate Actions Directed at an Adversary
Terms Used to Describe Outcomes of Actions against an Adversary
Map of Northern Border Areas in the Ming Period
References
Index
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