Chiropractic Theories A Textbook of Scientific Research

ISBN-10: 0683307479

ISBN-13: 9780683307474

Edition: 4th 2004 (Revised)

Authors: Robert A. Leach
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Book details

List price: $105.99
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication date: 11/21/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 448
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 3.234
Language: English

Introduction to Subluxation Theories
General Introduction
The Science of Chiropractic
How Important Are Theories to a Health-Care Profession's Development?
The Theories of Chiropractors
Summary
History of the Chiropractic Theories
Manipulation Before Chiropractic
D. D. Palmer and the Revival of Spinal Manipulation
The First Decades: Dissent, Jail, and Division
The Middle to Late Twentieth Century: Education and Research of New Ideas
Summary
Chiropractic Terminology
Traditional Definitions of the Manipulable Lesion
Acc Consensus and Paradigm
Summary
Philosophy: Foundation for Theory Development
Principles of Philosophy
Philosophy and Chiropractic: Divisions in the Profession
The Significance of a Unified Philosophy of Chiropractic
Summary
Introduction to Chiropractic Research Principles
Principles of Measurement, Research, and Statistics
What is Research?
Principles and Methods of Statistics
Beyond Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Minimum Standards for Chiropractic Research
Summary
Strategy for Validation of Subluxation Theories: Proposed Minimum Process
Why A Validation Process?
Proposed Minimum Process for Theory Validation
Until Validation: Theory, Practice, and a Research Agenda
Summary
Chiropractic Research and the Scientist Practitioner Model
Attitudes and Actions: Moving in a New Direction
Key Elements of Scientific Inquiry
Summary
Experimental and Clinical Evidence of the Subluxation Complex Model
Inflammation Hypothesis
Acute Inflammatory Response
Discussion: Inflammation and the Arthritides
Summary
Segmental Dysfunction Hypothesis: Joint and Muscle Pathology and Facilitation
Early Evidence of Fixation
Myopathology as a Precursor to Facilitation
Experimental Evidence for Facet Joint Dysfunction
Neurobiologic Models of Segmental Dysfunction
Physiology and Physics of Synovial Joint Adjustment
Measures of Spinal Dysfunction: Validity and Reliability Issues
Segmental or Regional Dysfunction?
Discussion: SDF, the First Phase of VSC
Summary
Instability Hypothesis
Spinography and Imaging in Chiropractic
Causes of Intervertebral Subluxation
Subluxation and Instability: VSC Phase 2
Discussion: The Second Phase of VSC
Summary
Immobilization Degeneration Hypothesis
Experimental Evidence for Degeneration
Anatomic Considerations in Degeneration of the Zygapophyses and Intervertebral Discs
Stabilization: The Final Phase of the Spinal Lesion
Discussion: The Third Phase of VSC
Summary
Neuropathology Hypothesis
The Pinched Nerve Theory?
Nerve Blood Flow and Neurologic Dysfunction--A Biologic Problem?
Clinical Considerations
Discussion: Neuropathology and Beyond: Influence of Nonpainful Lesions on Viscera?
Summary
Somatoautonomic Reflex Hypothesis
Modulation of Spinal Reflexes
Somatoautonomic Dysfunction
CMT and Neurologic Disorders
CMT and Organic Disorders
Discussion: "Somatic Visceral Disease Mimicry" and Somatoautonomic Reflexes
Summary
Myelopathy Hypothesis
Historical Chiropractic Concepts of Myelopathy
Subluxations in the Medical Literature
Experimental Studies
Cervical Subluxation and Sudden Infant Death
Clinical Aspects of Myelopathy
Discussion
Summary
Hypothesis of Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency
Characteristics of VBI
Chiropractic Clinical Considerations
Cerebrovascular Accidents Associated with Adjustments
Ethics, Informed Consent, and the Risk-Benefit Ratio
Summary
Neuroimmune Hypothesis
Traditional Theories of Immunity
Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Neuroendocrine-Immune Connection
Mechanism of Reflex Immunologic Competence
Hypothalamus and Immunity
Spinal Lesions and Immunity
Discussion
Summary
Clinical Aspects of Chiropractic Theory: Manipulative Effectiveness for Musculoskeletal Syndromes, Lesions, and Undifferentiated Disorders
Manipulative Effectiveness for Musculoskeletal Syndromes and Lesions
Manipulative Effectiveness for Undifferentiated Musculoskeletal Disorders
Discussion
Summary
Axoplasmic Aberration Hypothesis
Unifying Transport Mechanism
Anterograde and Retrograde Axt
Nerve Compression and AXT
Discussion
Summary
Alternative Approaches to Chiropractic Theory
Wellness Hypothesis
Why Wellness?
A Wellness Model for Chiropractic
Discussion
Summary
Social Theory of Chiropractic
Foundations
Assumptions
Theoretical Models
Chiropractic's Role in Society
Summary
The Future of Chiropractic Research
Disproved and Untested Hypotheses
Is There Experimental and Clinical Support for VSC?
Untested Hypotheses
Discussion
Summary
New Questions: Promising Areas for Future Research
ACC: Chiropractic Philosophy and Mission
Chiropractic Basic Science Research
Chiropractic Clinical Investigations
Discussion
Summary
Index
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