Essential Physics of Medical Imaging

ISBN-10: 0683301187

ISBN-13: 9780683301182

Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)

List price: $169.00
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Book details

List price: $169.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication date: 11/16/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 960
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.25" long x 1.85" tall
Weight: 4.136
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Foreword
Basic Concepts
Introduction to Medical Imaging
The Modalities
Image Properties
Radiation and the Atom
Radiation
Structure of the Atom
Interaction of Radiation with Matter
Particle Interactions
X- and Gamma Ray Interactions
Attenuation of X- and Gamma Rays
Absorption of Energy from X- and Gamma Rays
Imparted Energy, Equivalent Dose, and Effective Dose
Computers in Medical Imaging
Storage and Transfer of Data in Computers
Analog Data and Conversion between Analog and Digital Forms
Components and Operation of Computers
Performance of Computer Systems
Computer Software
Storage, Processing, and Display of Digital Images
Diagnostic Radiology
X-ray Production, X-ray Tubes, and Generators
Production of X-rays
X-ray Tubes
X-ray Tube Insert, Tube Housing, Filtration, and Collimation
X-ray Generator Function and Components
X-ray Generator Circuit Designs
Timing the X-ray Exposure in Radiography
Factors Affecting X-ray Emission
Power Ratings and Heat Loading
X-ray Exposure Rating Charts
Screen-Film Radiography
Projection Radiography
Basic Geometric Principles
The Screen-Film Cassette
Characteristics of Screens
Characteristics of Film
The Screen-Film System
Contrast and Dose in Radiography
Scattered Radiation in Projection Radiography
Film Processing
Film Exposure
The Film Processor
Processor Artifacts
Other Considerations
Laser Cameras
Dry Processing
Processor Quality Assurance
Mammography
X-ray Tube Design
X-ray Generator and Phototimer System
Compression, Scattered Radiation, and Magnification
Screen-Film Cassettes and Film Processing
Ancillary Procedures
Radiation Dosimetry
Regulatory Requirements
Fluoroscopy
Functionality
Fluoroscopic Imaging Chain Components
Peripheral Equipment
Fluoroscopy Modes of Operation
Automatic Brightness Control (ABC)
Image Quality
Fluoroscopy Suites
Radiation Dose
Image Quality
Contrast
Spatial Resolution
Noise
Detective Quantum Efficiency (DQE)
Sampling and Aliasing in Digital Images
Contrast-Detail Curves
Receiver Operating Characteristics Curves
Digital Radiography
Computed Radiography
Charged-Coupled Devices (CCDs)
Flat Panel Detectors
Digital Mammography
Digital versus Analog Processes
Implementation
Patient Dose Considerations
Hard Copy versus Soft Copy Display
Digital Image Processing
Contrast versus Spatial Resolution in Digital Imaging
Adjuncts to Radiology
Geometric Tomography
Digital Tomosynthesis
Temporal Subtraction
Dual-Energy Subtraction
Computed Tomography
Basic Principles
Geometry and Historical Development
Detectors and Detector Arrays
Details of Acquisition
Tomographic Reconstruction
Digital Image Display
Radiation Dose
Image Quality
Artifacts
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Magnetization Properties
Generation and Detection of the Magnetic Resonance Signal
Pulse Sequences
Spin Echo
Inversion Recovery
Gradient Recalled Echo
Signal from Flow
Perfusion and Diffusion Contrast
Magnetization Transfer Contrast
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Localization of the MR Signal
k-space Data Acquisition and Image Reconstruction
Three-Dimensional Fourier Transform Image Acquisition
Image Characteristics
Angiography and Magnetization Transfer Contrast
Artifacts
Instrumentation
Safety and Bioeffects
Ultrasound
Characteristics of Sound
Interactions of Ultrasound with Matter
Transducers
Beam Properties
Image Data Acquisition
Two-Dimensional Image Display and Storage
Miscellaneous Issues
Image Quality and Artifacts
Doppler Ultrasound
System Performance and Quality Assurance
Acoustic Power and Bioeffects
Computer Networks, PACS, and Teleradiology
Computer Networks
PACS and Teleradiology
Nuclear Medicine
Radioactivity and Nuclear Transformation
Radionuclide Decay Terms and Relationships
Nuclear Transformation
Radionuclide Production and Radiopharmaceuticals
Radionuclide Production
Radiopharmaceuticals
Regulatory Issues
Radiation Detection and Measurement
Types of Detectors
Gas-Filled Detectors
Scintillation Detectors
Semiconductor Detectors
Pulse Height Spectroscopy
Non-Imaging Detector Applications
Counting Statistics
Nuclear Imaging--The Scintillation Camera
Planar Nuclear Imaging: The Anger Scintillation Camera
Computers in Nuclear Imaging
Nuclear Imaging--Emission Tomography
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
Radiation Protection, Dosimetry, and Biology
Radiation Protection
Sources of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation
Personnel Dosimetry
Radiation Detection Equipment in Radiation Safety
Radiation Protection and Exposure Control
Regulatory Agencies and Radiation Exposure Limits
Radiation Dosimetry of the Patient
X-ray Dosimetry
Radiopharmaceutical Dosimetry: The MIRD Method
Radiation Biology
Interaction of Radiation with Tissue
Cellular Radiobiology
Response of Organ Systems to Radiation
Acute Radiation Syndrome
Radiation-Induced Carcinogenesis
Hereditary Effects of Radiation Exposure
Radiation Effects In Utero
Appendices
Fundamental Principles of Physics
Physical Laws, Quantities, and Units
Classical Physics
Electricity and Magnetism
Physical Constants, Prefixes, Geometry, Conversion Factors, and Radiologic Data
Physical Constants, Prefixes, and Geometry
Conversion Factors
Radiological Data for Elements 1 through 100
Mass Attenuation Coefficients and Spectra Data Tables
Mass Attenuation Coefficients for Selected Elements
Mass Attenuation Coefficients for Selected Compounds
Mass Energy Attenuation Coefficients for Selected Detector Compounds
Mammography Spectra: Mo/Mo
Mammography Spectra: Mo/Rh
Mammography Spectra: Rh/Rh
General Diagnostic Spectra: W/Al
Radiopharmaceutical Characteristics and Dosimetry
Route of administration, localization, clinical utility, and other characteristics of commonly used radiopharmaceuticals
Typical administered adult activity, highest organ dose, gonadal dose, and adult effective dose for commonly used radiopharmaceuticals
Effective doses per unit activity administered to patients age 15, 10, 5, and 1 year for commonly used diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals
Absorbed dose estimates to the embryo/fetus per unit activity administered to the mother for commonly used radiopharmaceuticals
Internet Resources
Subject Index
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