Racial Hygiene Medicine under the Nazis

ISBN-10: 0674745787

ISBN-13: 9780674745780

Edition: 1988

List price: $34.50 Buy it from $15.01
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Description:

Scholars exploring the history of science under the Nazis have generally concentrated on the Nazi destruction of science or the corruption of intellectual and liberal values. Racial Hygiene focuses on how scientists themselves participated in the construction of Nazi racial policy. Robert Proctor demonstrates that the common picture of a passive scientific community coerced into cooperation with the Nazis fails to grasp the reality of what actually happened--namely, that many of the political initiatives of the Nazis arose from within the scientific community, and that medical scientists actively designed and administered key elements of National Socialist policy. The book presents the most comprehensive account to date of German medical involvement in the sterilization and castration laws, the laws banning marriage between Jews and non-Jews, and the massive program to destroy "lives not worth living:' The study traces attempts on the part of doctors to conceive of the "Jewish problem" as a "medical problem," and how medical journals openly discussed the need to find a "final solution" to Germany's Jewish and gypsy "problems." Proctor makes us aware that such thinking was not unique to Germany. The social Darwinism of the late nineteenth century in America and Europe gave rise to theories of racial hygiene that were embraced by enthusiasts of various nationalities in the hope of breeding a better, healthier, stronger race of people. Proctor also presents an account of the "organic" health movement that flourished under the Nazis, including campaigns to reduce smoking and drinking, and efforts to require bakeries to produce whole-grain bread. A separate chapter is devoted to the emergence of a resistance movement among doctors in the Association of Socialist Physicians. The book is based on a close analysis of contemporary documents, including German state archives and more than two hundred medical journals published during the period. Proctor has set out not merely to tell a story but also to urge reflection on what might be called the "political philosophy of science"--how movements that shape the policies of nations can also shape the structure and priorities of science. The broad implications of this book make it of consequence not only to historians, physicians, and people concerned with the history and philosophy of science, but also to those interested in science policy and medical ethics.
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Book details

List price: $34.50
Copyright year: 1988
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 3/15/1990
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 496
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

Giancarlo Succi is Professor of the Faculty of Computer Science and Director at the Center for Applied Software Engineering at the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano.Robert N. Proctoris Professor of the History of Science at Stanford University and author ofCancer Wars, Racial Hygiene, andThe Nazi War on CancerHe is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Introduction
The Origins of Racial Hygiene
""Neutral Racism"": The Case of Fritz Lenz
Political Biology: Doctors in The Nazi Cause
The Sterilization Law
The Control of Women
Anti-Semitism in The German Medical Community
The Destruction of ""Lives Not Worth Living""
The ""Organic Vision"" of Nazi Racial Science
Medical Resistance: The Association of Socialist Physicians
The Politics of Knowledge Epilogue. Postwar Legacies
German Medical journals under The Nazis
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