Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science

ISBN-10: 067457625X
ISBN-13: 9780674576254
Edition: 1989
List price: $45.50
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Description: As part of his attempt to secure a place for women in scientific culture, the Cartesian Francois Poullain de la Barre asserted as long ago as 1673 that "the mind has no sex?" In this rich and comprehensive history of women's contributions to the  More...

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Book details

List price: $45.50
Copyright year: 1989
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 3/1/1991
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.408
Language: English

As part of his attempt to secure a place for women in scientific culture, the Cartesian Francois Poullain de la Barre asserted as long ago as 1673 that "the mind has no sex?" In this rich and comprehensive history of women's contributions to the development of early modem science, Londa Schiebinger examines the shifting fortunes of male and female equality in the sphere of the intellect. Schiebinger counters the "great women" mode of history and calls attention to broader developments in scientific culture that have been obscured by time and changing circumstance. She also elucidates a larger issue: how gender structures knowledge and power. It is often assumed that women were automatically excluded from participation in the scientific revolution of early modem Europe, but in fact powerful trends encouraged their involvement. Aristocratic women participated in the learned discourse of the Renaissance court and dominated the informal salons that proliferated in seventeenth-century Paris. In Germany, women of the artisan class pursued research in fields such as astronomy and entomology. These and other women fought to renegotiate gender boundaries within the newly established scientific academies in order to secure their place among the men of science. But for women the promises of the Enlightenment were not to be fulfilled. Scientific and social upheavals not only left women on the sidelines but also brought about what the author calls the "scientific revolution in views of sexual difference?" While many aspects of the scientific revolution are well understood, what has not generally been recognized is that revolution came also from another quarter--the scientific understanding of biological sex and sexual temperament (what we today call gender). Illustrations of female skeletons of the ideal woman--with small skulls and large pelvises--portrayed female nature as a virtue in the private realm of hearth and home, but as a handicap in the world of science. At the same time, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century women witnessed the erosion of their own spheres of influence. Midwifery and medical cookery were gradually subsumed into the newly profess ionalized medical sciences. Scientia, the ancient female personification of science, lost ground to a newer image of the male researcher, efficient and solitary--a development that reflected a deeper intellectual shift. By the late eighteenth century, a self-reinforcing system had emerged that rendered invisible the inequalities women suffered. In reexamining the origins of modem science, Schiebinger unearths a forgotten heritage of women scientists and probes the cultural and historical forces that continue to shape the course of scientific scholarship and knowledge.

Londa Schiebinger is John L. Hinds Professor of History of Science and Barbara D. Finberg Director of the Clayman Institute for Gender Research, Stanford University.

Introduction
Institutional Landscapes Monasteries and Universities Renaissance Courts Scientific Academies Women at the Periphery Parisian Salons Women's Academies
Noble Networks The Curious Matter of Math Noblewomen in Scientific Networks Margaret Cavendish, Natural Philosopher Cavendish, a Feminist? Emilie du Chatelet and Physics
Scientific Women in the Craft Tradition Maria Sibylla Merian and the Business of Bugs Women Astronomers in Germany Maria Winkelmann at the Berlin Academy of Sciences
The Attempt to Become Academy Astronomer The Clash between Guild Traditions and Professional Science
A Brief Return to the Academy Invisible Assistants
Women's Traditions Midwifery Cookbooks for the Health and Pleasure of Mankind Legitimizing Exclusion
Battles over Scholarly Style When Science Was a Woman Reading Allegories
The Masculine Allegory Did the Feminine Icon Represent Real Women?
The Decline of Feminine Icons Competing Scholarly Styles
The Attack on the Salon: A Masculine Style?
Competing Cosmologies: Locating Sex and

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