Park Chung Hee Era The Transformation of South Korea

ISBN-10: 0674072316
ISBN-13: 9780674072312
Edition: 2011
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Description: In 1959 South Korea was mired in poverty. By 1979 it had a powerful industrial economy and a vibrant civil society in the making, which would lead to a democratic breakthrough eight years later. The transformation took place during the years of Park  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 3/5/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 744
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 2.00" tall
Weight: 2.2
Language: English

In 1959 South Korea was mired in poverty. By 1979 it had a powerful industrial economy and a vibrant civil society in the making, which would lead to a democratic breakthrough eight years later. The transformation took place during the years of Park Chung Hee’s presidency. Park seized power in a coup in 1961 and ruled as a virtual dictator until his assassination in October 1979. He is credited with modernizing South Korea, but at a huge political and social cost.South Korea’s political landscape under Park defies easy categorization. The state was predatory yet technocratic, reform-minded yet quick to crack down on dissidents in the name of political order. The nation was balanced uneasily between opposition forces calling for democratic reforms and the Park government’s obsession with economic growth. The chaebol (a powerful conglomerate of multinationals based in South Korea) received massive government support to pioneer new growth industries, even as a nationwide campaign of economic shock therapy—interest hikes, devaluation, and wage cuts—met strong public resistance and caused considerable hardship.This landmark volume examines South Korea’s era of development as a study in the complex politics of modernization. Drawing on an extraordinary range of sources in both English and Korean, these essays recover and contextualize many of the ambiguities in South Korea’s trajectory from poverty to a sustainable high rate of economic growth.

Byung-Kook Kim is Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Korea University.

Ezra F. Vogel is Henry Ford II Research Professor of the Social Sciences, Emeritus, at Harvard University and former Director of Harvard's Fairbank Center for East Asian Research and the Harvard University Asia Center.

Introduction: The Case for Political History
Born in a Crisis
The May Sixteenth Military Coup
Taming and Tamed by the United States
State Building: The Military Junta's Path to Modernity through Administrative Reforms
Politics
Modernization Strategy: Ideas and Influences
The Labyrinth of Solitude: Park and the Exercise of Presidential Power
The Armed Forces
The Leviathan: Economic Bureaucracy under Park
The Origins of the Yushin Regime: Machiavelli Unveiled
Economy and Society
The Chaebol
The Automobile Industry
Pohang Iron & Steel Company
The Countryside
The Chaeya
International Relations
The Vietnam War: South Korea's Search for National Security
Normalization of Relations with Japan: Toward a New Partnership
The Security, Political, and Human Rights Conundrum, 1974-1979
The Search for Deterrence: Park's Nuclear Option
Comparative Perspective
Nation Rebuilders: Mustafa Kemal Atat�rk
Reflections on a Reverse Image: South Korea under Park Chung Hee and the Philippines under Ferdinand Marcos
The Perfect Dictatorship? South Korea versus Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico
Industrial Policy in Key Developmental Sectors: South Korea versus Japan and Taiwan
Conclusion: The Post-Park Era
Notes
Acknowledgments
List of Contributors
Index of Persons

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