Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy

ISBN-10: 0674004426
ISBN-13: 9780674004429
Edition: 2000
List price: $32.50
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Book details

List price: $32.50
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 11/15/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 408
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.474
Language: English

John Rawls, professor of philosophy at Harvard University, had published a number of articles on the concept of justice as fairness before the appearance of his magnum opus, A Theory of Justice (1971). While the articles had won for Rawls considerable prestige, the reception of his book thrust him into the front ranks of contemporary moral philosophy. Presenting a Kantian alternative to conventional utilitarianism and intuitionism, Rawls offers a theory of justice that is contractual and that rests on principles that he alleges would be accepted by free, rational persons in a state of nature, that is, of equality. The chorus of praise was loud and clear. Stuart Hampshire acclaimed the book as "the most substantial and interesting contribution to moral philosophy since the war."H. A. Bedau declared: "As a work of close and original scholarship in the service of the dominant moral and political ideology of our civilization, Rawls's treatise is simply without a rival." Rawls historically achieved two important things: (1) He articulated a coherent moral philosophy for the welfare state, and (2) he demonstrated that analytic philosophy was most capable of doing constructive work in moral philosophy. A Theory of Justice has become the most influential work in political, legal, and social philosophy by an American author in the twentieth century.

Barbara Herman is Griffin Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Editors
Foreword
A Note On The Texts Introduction: Modern Moral Philosophy, 1600-1800
A Difference between Classical and Modern Moral Philosophy
The Main Problem of Greek Moral Philosophy
The Background of Modern Moral Philosophy
The Problems of Modem Moral Philosophy
The Relation between Religion and Science
Kant on Science and Religion
On Studying Historical Texts HUME
Morality Psychologized and the Passions
Background: Skepticism and the Fideism of Nature
Classification of the Passions
Outline of Section 3 of Part III of Book II
Hume's Account of (Nonmoral) Deliberation: The Official View
Rational Deliberation and the Role of Reason
Three Questions about Hume's Official View
Three Further Psychological Principles
Deliberation as Transforming the System of Passions
The General Appetite to Good
The General Appetite to Good: Passion or Principle?
Justice as an Artificial Virtue
The Capital of the Sciences
The Elements of Hume's Problem
The Origin of Justice and Property
The Circumstances of Justice
The Idea of Convention Examples and Supplementary Remarks
Justice as a Best Scheme of Conventions
The Two Stages of Development
The Critique of Rational Intuitionism
Introduction
Some of Clarke's Main Claims
The Content of Right and Wrong
Rational Intuitionism's Moral Psychology
Hume's Critique of Rational Intuitionism
Hume's Second Argument: Morality Not Demonstrable
The Judicious Spectator
Introduction
Hume's Account of Sympathy
The First Objection: The Idea of the Judicious Spectator
The Second Objection: Virtue in Rags Is Still Virtue
The Epistemological Role of the Moral Sentiments
Whether Hume Has a Conception of Practical Reason
The Concluding Section of the Treatise Appendix: Hume's Disowning the Treatise LEIBNIZ
His Metaphysical Perfectionism
Introduction
Leibniz's Metaphysical Perfectionism
The Concept of a Perfection
Leibniz's Predicate-in-Subject Theory of Truth
Some Comments on Leibniz's Account of Truth
Spirits As Active Substances: Their Freedom
The Complete Individual Concept Includes Active Powers
Spirits as Individual Rational Substances
True Freedom
Reason, Judgment, and Will
A Note on the Practical Point of View KANT
Groundwork: Preface And Part I
Introductory Comments
Some Points about the Preface: Paragraphs 11-13
The Idea of a Pure Will
The Main Argument of Groundwork I
The Absolute Value of a Good Will
The Special Purpose of Reason
Two Roles of the Good Will
The Categorical Imperative: The First Formulation
Introduction
Features of Ideal Moral Agents
The Four-Step CI-Procedure
Kant's Second Example: The Deceitful Promise
Kant's Fourth Example: The Maxim of Indifference
Two Limits on Information
The Structure of Motives
The Categorical Imperative: The Second Formulation
The Relation between the Formulations
Statements of the Second Formulation
Duties of Justice and Dutie

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