Luther and Erasmus Free Will and Salvation

ISBN-10: 0664241581
ISBN-13: 9780664241582
Edition: N/A
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Description: Long recognized for the quality of its translations, introductions, explanatory notes, and indexes, the Library of Christian Classics provides scholars and students with modern English translations of some of the most significant Christian  More...

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Book details

List price: $35.00
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
Publication date: 1/1/1969
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 364
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.188
Language: English

Long recognized for the quality of its translations, introductions, explanatory notes, and indexes, the Library of Christian Classics provides scholars and students with modern English translations of some of the most significant Christian theological texts in history. Through these works?each written prior to the end of the sixteenth century?contemporary readers are able to engage the ideas that have shaped Christian theology and the church through the centuries. The Library of Christian Classics ensures that this great literature of the Christian heritage is easily available and invites the ongoing development of theology.

Desiderius Erasmus was born, probably in 1469, in Rotterdam, Holland. He studied in Paris, traveled in England, Germany, and Italy, and wrote in Latin. Living at the time of the Renaissance when most intellectual concepts were being examined, Erasmus was a great admirer of the ancient writers and edited many of their works. Erasmus remained a Roman Catholic, but believed that many of the priests and theologians had distorted the simple teachings of Jesus. He published an edition of the New Testament-the first edition in the original Greek-in order to make clear the essential teachings of Christianity. Erasmus liked above all things clear and honest thinking; he despised intolerance and persecution. He was the greatest of the humanists because his books, more effectively than any others, propagated a humane philosophy of life, teaching that one's chief duties are to be intelligent, open-minded, and charitable. The most famous and the most influential of Erasumus' books were The Praise of Folly (1509) and Colloquies (1518). These works, written in lively, colloquial, and witty Latin, expressed his ideas on the manners and customs of his time. Erasmus exerted a powerful influence not only through his books, but also through the private letters that he wrote to a great number of humanist scholars in all parts of Western Europe. He carried on extensive correspondences with Thomas More of England. More than 1500 of his letters survive today. Erasmus died in Basel, Switzerland, on July 12, 1536.

Abbreviations
Introduction
The Erasmian Enigma
The Lutheran Riposte
The Language of the Debate
Erasmus: On the Freedom of the Will
Prefatory Observations
Erasmus Acknowledges His Limitations and States His Point of View
His Dislike of Assertions
The Obscurity of Scripture
Some Truths Are Not for Common Ears
The Dangers Inherent in Luther's Teachings
Introduction to the Disputation
Luther Is Opposed Not Only by Scripture but Also by Weighty Authority of the Church Fathers
How Can Inspiration and Authority Be Tested?
Scripture Passages That Support Free Choice
Definition of Free Choice and Discussion of Ecclesiasticus 15:14-17
Man Before and After the Fall: The Forgiveness of Sins Restores Freedom of Choice Through Grace
The Work of the Will, and the Threefold Law of Nature, Works, and Faith
Different Kinds of Grace, and Three Views of Its Relation to Free Choice
Further Old Testament Passages Implying Free Choice
New Testament Texts Examined. Matthew 23:37 and Other Words of Christ
St. Paul Also Is a Champion of Free Choice
Scripture Passages That Seem to Oppose Free Choice
Exodus 9:12; Romans 9:17: The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart
The Problem of the Will and Foreknowledge of God
Two Kinds of Necessity: The Case of Judas
Jacob and Esau
The Potter and the Clay
Examination of Luther's Arguments in His Assertio
Genesis 6:3: The Meaning of "Flesh" and "Spirit"
The Will Is Not Powerless Though It Cannot Attain Its End Without Grace
Man's Cooperation with God
What Merit Is There Without Free Choice?
Epilogue
A Reasonable Approach to the Problem
A Mediating View, and a Parable of Grace and Free Choice
The Extravagances of Those Who Totally Deny Free Choice
The Dire Results of Exaggerated Views
As to Which Side Is Right, Let the Reader Be Judge
Luther: on the Bondage of the Will
Introduction
Luther Explains His Delay in Replying and Admits Erasmus' Superior Talent
Review of Erasmus' Preface
Christianity Involves Assertions; Christians Are No Skeptics
The Clarity of Scripture
It is Vital to Know the Truth About Free Choice
God's Foreknowledge; Contingence and Necessity
Should Divine Truth Be Kept from Common Ears?
Should the Truth of God's Necessitating Will Be Suppressed?
Divine Necessity and the Human Will
Comments on Erasmus' Introduction
The Evidence of Tradition on Behalf of Free Choice
The True Church, Which Does Not Err, Is Hidden from Men's Sight
Scripture, with its "Internal" and "External" Clarity, as the Test of Truth
Refutation of Arguments in Support of Free Choice
Erasmus' Definition of Free Choice
Three Views of Grace and Free Choice--or Three Statements of One View?
Ecclesiasticus 15:14-17. The Foolishness of Reason
Other Old Testament Passages, and the Imperative and Indicative Moods
Erasmus' Failure to Distinguish Between Law and Gospel
God Preached, God Hidden; God's Will Revealed, God's Will Secret
New Testament Passages: Matthew 23:37--Man Must Not Pry Into the Secret Will of God
Precepts and Rewards in the New Testament: The Question of Merit
Erasmus' Arguments Undermine His Own Case
Defense of Arguments Against Free Choice
Erasmus' Use of Tropes in Interpreting Scripture
Exodus 4:21--The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart
How God's Omnipotence Can Be Said to Work Evil
How God's Foreknowledge Imposes Necessity
Two Kinds of Necessity: The Case of Judas
Jacob and Esau
The Potter and the Clay
Erasmus' Way of Reasoning Does Not Let God Be God
Rebuttal of Erasmus' Critique of the Assertio
Genesis 6:3 and the Biblical Meaning of "Flesh"
Other Old Testament Passages--The Universal Sinfulness and Impotence of Man Under the Law
The Whole Man--Body, Soul, and "Spirit"--Is "Flesh"
How Erasmus Persistently Evades the Issue
John 15:5, etc.: Free Choice Is "Nothing"--Coram Deo
Divine Grace and Human Cooperation
A Display of the Forces on Luther's Side
St. Paul: Universal Sinfulness Nullifies Free Choice
Free Choice May Do the Works of the Law but Not Fulfill the Law
"Congruous" and "Condign" Merit
The Righteousness of Works and of Faith; and a Summary of St. Paul's Testimony Against Free Choice
St. John: Free Choice is of "the World," "the Flesh"; Grace is of Christ, by Faith. The Two Are Opposites
The Two Kingdoms, of Christ and of Satan. The Assurance of Faith
The Mercy and Justice of God in the Light of Nature, Grace, and Glory
Conclusion
That the Case Against Free Choice is Unanswerable Let Erasmus Be Willing to Admit
On the Adagia of Erasmus
Indexes

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