Minds, Brains, Computers An Historical Introduction to the Foundations of Cognitive Science

ISBN-10: 0631212604
ISBN-13: 9780631212607
Edition: 2001
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Description: This volume offers a useful resource that is both a historical and interdisciplinary introduction to the foundations of cognitive science. It traces the history of central concepts from the 19th century to the beginning of the 21st century.

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Book details

Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/8/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 468
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.694

This volume offers a useful resource that is both a historical and interdisciplinary introduction to the foundations of cognitive science. It traces the history of central concepts from the 19th century to the beginning of the 21st century.

List of Figures
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction: What is Cognitive Science? Broad Construal
Narrow Construal
Cognition: Broad and Narrow
Computation: Broad and Narrow
The Working Conception of Cognitive Science
Appendix: 1978 Sloan Report
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
Historical Background: Introduction
Associationism
Introduction: What is Associationism? Generic Empiricist Associationism
Varieties of Associationism
Locke and James
The End of Classical Associationism
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
Behaviorism and Cognitivism
Introduction
The Rise of Behaviorism and Stimulus-Response Psychology
Challenges to Behaviorism and Stimulus-Response Psychology
Cognitivism: Information Processing Psychology
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
Biological Background
Introduction
Brain Ventricles vs. Brain Substance
Cortical Localization vs. Holism
Nerve Net Theory vs. the Neuron Doctrine
The First Half of the Twentieth Century
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
Neuro-Logical Background
Introduction
Neural Networks and the Logic of Propositions
Perceptrons
Linear Separability and XOR: McCulloch and Pitts Nets and Perceptrons
Simple Detector Semantics
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
The Digital Computational Theory of Mind: Introduction
A Sample Artificial Intelligence Model: SHRDLU
Introduction
SHRDLU Dialogue
The Program
Limitations
Historical Role of SHRDLU
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
Architecture(s)
Introduction: Some Preliminary Concepts
Turing Machines
von Neumann Machines
Production Systems
Intermezzo: Pandemonium
Taxonomizing Architectures
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
Representation(s)
Introduction: The Variety of Representations: Some Standard High Level Formats
The Nature of Digital Computational Representation
Interpretational Semantics
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
The Digital Computational Theory of Mind
Introduction
From the Representational Theory of Mind to the Computational Theory of Mind
The Digital Computational Theory of Mind and the Language of Thought
DCTM and the Mind-Body Problem
DCTM and Representational Content
DCTM and Consciousness (I)
Modular (Cognitive) Architectures
Appendix: Modularity: Gall vs. Fodor
Study Questions
Suggested Reading.
Criticisms of the Digital Computational Theory of Mind
Introduction: The Turing Test (Again)
Against Strong AI: Searle and the Chinese Room
The Digital Computational Mind in the Chinese Room
The DCTM and Consciousness (II)
The DCTM and Mental Content
Against Cognitivism
DCTM Hardward and the Brain
The Domain and Scope of the DCTM
Study Questions. Suggested Reading
Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind: Introduction
Sample Connectionist Networks
Introduction
Jets and Sharks
NETtalk
Study Questions
Further Reading
Connectionism: Basic Notions and Variations
Introduction
Basic Notions and Terminology
Learning and Training
Representation(s)
Generic Connectionism
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
The Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind
Introduction
The Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind
Motivations for the CCTM
A Bit of History: Connectionism and Associationism
Interpreting Connectionism: PTC
Taxonomizing Architectures (II)
Appendix: Connectionism and Turing's Unorganized Machines
Study Questions
Suggested Reading
Criticisms of the Connectionist Computational Theory of Mind
Introduction

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