Gramatica Esencial

ISBN-10: 0618246282
ISBN-13: 9780618246281
Edition: 2nd 2003
List price: $158.95 Buy it from $35.25
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Book details

List price: $158.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: CENGAGE Learning
Publication date: 11/25/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 7.44" wide x 9.33" long x 0.71" tall
Weight: 1.848

Lectura: El ser digital y la sociedad de la informacioacute;n
The present indicative
Regular verbs
Spelling changes
Stem-changing verbs
Verbs with irregular forms
Uses
Nouns
Gender
Plural of nouns
Articles
Definite articles
Indefinite articles
Foco en el leacute;xico: Tomar, Ilevar (se), and other equivalents of to take
Tomar, Ilevar (se)
Other verbs that express to take Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: El conejo que comiacute;a melones
Tenses of the past: preterit and imperfect
Forms of the preterit
Forms of the imperfect
Uses of the preterit and the imperfect
The preterit and the imperfect contrasted
Hacer in time expressions
Past event ongoing in the present
Past event continued in the past
Time elapsed between a past event and the present
Questions
Questions that can be answered with siacute; or no
Questions with interrogative words and phrases
Queacute; versus cuaacute;l (es)
Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns
Forms
Uses
Foco en el leacute;xico: Saber versus conocer Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: El deporte, �competitividad comprometida?
Ser and estar
Uses of ser
Uses of estar
Ser and estar + adjective
Ser and estar + past participle
Descriptive adjectives
Forms of descriptive adjectives
Agreement
Position
Comparitives and superlatives
Comparisons of inequality
Comparisons of equality
Superlatives
Irregular comparatives and superlatives
Possessive adjectives and pronouns
Forms
Uses
Possessive pronouns
Clarification of third person possessive forms
Indefinite expressions and their negatives
Forms
Indefinite pronouns and adjectives and their negatives
Indefinite adverbs
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to become
Change of state: hacerse
Change in physical or emotional state: ponerse
Change through gradual process: Ilegar a ser
Radical change: volverse
To assume a new condition: convertirse, transformarse
To be left in a state or condition: quedarse Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: �Un planeta contaminado?
The future tense. Regular verbs; Irregular verbs; Uses; Other ways of expressing future time
The conditional tense
Regular verbs
Irregular verbs
Uses
Object pronouns
Direct-object pronoun forms
Indirect-object pronoun forms
Position of object pronouns; Prepositional pronouns
The personal a
Before a direct object referring to people
Before indefinite expressions
Constructions with gustar and verbs like gustar
Constructions with gustar
Verbs similar to gustar
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to realize Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: La cocina mexicana
The present participle.
Forms
Uses
The progressive tenses
Forms
Uses
Alternatives to estar in the progressive construction
Position of object and reflexive pronouns
The infinitive
Forms
Uses
Prepositions
Simple prepositions
Compound prepositions
The preposition a
The preposition de
The preposition en
The preposition para
The preposition por
The structure verb + (preposition) + noun object
Foco en el leacute;xico: Preguntar versus pedir Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: La globalizacioacute;n
The past participle
Forms
Uses
The perfect tenses
Forms
Uses
Reflexive, reciprocal, and impersonal constructions
Reflexives
Reciprocals
Impersonal se
Passive constructions
Active versus passive constructions
Alternatives to the passive voice
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to miss Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: La isla de los gigantes
The forms of the present subjunctive
Endings
Normally derived stems
Irregularities
The subjunctive in noun clauses
Attempting to influence behavior
Emotional response and subjective viewpoint
Doubt, disbelief, and denial
The subjunctive in independent clauses
Direct and indirect commands
Direct commands
Indirect commands
Foco en el leacute;xico: Trabajar, funcionar, and similar verbs Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: El teletrabajo, �un nuevo modo de vida?
The imperfect subjunctives
Forms
Uses of the imperfect subjunctive
Sequence of tenses
Relative pronouns
Relative pronouns and restrictive and nonrestrictive relative clauses
The relative pronoun que
The relative pronoun quien(es)
The relative pronouns el cual and el que
The relative pronoun cuyo
The subjunctive in adjective clauses
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to save Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: Ecoturismo: �independencia econoacute;mica o desastre para el medio ambiente?
The perfect tenses of the subjunctive
Forms
Uses
Sequence of tenses
Main verb and dependent verb in the indicative
Main verb in the indicative, dependent verb in the subjunctive
The subjunctive in adverbial clauses
Conjunctions always followed by the indicative
Conjunctions always followed by the subjunctive
Conjunctions followed by either the indicative or the subjunctive
The conjunctions pero, mas, and sino (que)
Pero and mas
Sino and sino que
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to move Capiacute;tulo
Lectura: La explosioacute;n de lo latino en Estados Unidos
Si clauses
Si clauses in the indicative
Si clauses in the imperfect or past perfect subjunctive
Como si clauses
Adverbs of manner
Adverbs ending in -mente;
Adverbial phrases
Adjectives functioning as adverbs
Review of the uses of the preterit and the imperfect
Uses of the preterit
Uses of the imperfect
Nominalization of adjectives and neuter lo
Nominalization of adjectives
The neuter article lo
The neuter pronoun lo
Question words used in exclamations
Coacute;mo and cuaacute;nto in exclamations
Quieacute;n in exclamations
Queacute; in exclamations
Foco en el leacute;xico: Spanish equivalents of to leave Reference Section
Glossary of grammatical terms
Written accent marks
Personal pronouns
Verbs Spanish-English vocabulary
Index

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