Experimental Psychology

ISBN-10: 0534634419
ISBN-13: 9780534634414
Edition: 6th 2006
List price: $250.95
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Description: Focusing on experimental methods, authors Anne Myers and Christine Hansen lead students step by step through the entire research process, from generating testable hypotheses to writing the research report. The major sections of the book parallel the  More...

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Book details

List price: $250.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/4/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 624
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.442
Language: English

Focusing on experimental methods, authors Anne Myers and Christine Hansen lead students step by step through the entire research process, from generating testable hypotheses to writing the research report. The major sections of the book parallel the major sections of a research report (Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion), giving students the skills they'll need to design and conduct an experiment, analyze and interpret the research findings, and report those findings. Although the main focus is on experimentation, alternative approaches are discussed as important complements.

Anne Myers received her Ph.D. from the New School for Social Research.

Christine Hansen is currently Associate Professor of Psychology at Oakland University. She received her Ph.D. from Michigan State University. Her professional affiliations include the American Psychological Society, Midwestern Psychological Association, Golden Key National Honor Society, Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society, Sigma XI National Scientific Research Honor Society, and Society for Experimental Social Psychology. Her varied research interests--which have been funded by the NSF and NIH--include behavioral and personality effects of popular music, contemporary media, emotive information processing, and bioinformatics.

Introduction
Experimental Psychology and the Scientific Method
The Need for Scientific Methodology
The Characteristics of Modern Science
The Objectives of Psychological Science
The Tools of Psychological Science
Scientific Explanation in Psychological Science
The Organization of the Text
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Research Ethics
Research Ethics
The American Psychological Association Guidelines
Protecting the Welfare of Animal Subjects
Fraud in Science
Plagiarism
Ethical Reports
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Alternatives to Experimentation: Nonexperimental Designs
Describing Research Activities
Phenomenology
Case Studies
Field Studies
Archival Study
Qualitative Research
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Alternatives to Experimentation: Surveys and Interviews
Survey Research
Constructing Surveys
Measuring Responses
Important Considerations for Survey Items
Collecting Survey Data
Evaluating Surveys and Survey Data
Sampling
Probability Sampling
Nonprobability Sampling
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Alternatives to Experimentation: Correlational and Quasi-Experimental Designs
Correlational Designs
Causal Modeling
Quasi-Experimental Designs
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Formulating the Hypothesis
The Characteristics of an Experimental Hypothesis
The Inductive Model
The Deductive Model
Combining Induction and Deduction
Building on Prior Research
Serendipity and the Windfall Hypothesis
Intuition
When All Else Fails
Searching the Research Literature
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Method
The Basics of Experimentation
Independent and Dependent Variables
Operational Definitions
Evaluating Operational Definitions
Planning the Method Section
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Solving Problems: Controlling Extraneous Variables
Physical Variables
Social Variables
Personality Variables
Context Variables
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Basic Between-Subjects Designs
Selecting and Recruiting Subjects
One Independent Variable: Two Group Designs
Two Independent Groups
Two Matched Groups
Multiple Groups
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Between-Subjects Factorial Designs
More Than One Independent Variable
Laying Out a Factorial Design
A Research Example
Choosing a Between-Subjects Design
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Within-Subjects Designs
A Within-Subjects Experiment: Homophone Priming of Proper Names
Within-Subjects Factorial Designs
Mixed Designs
Advantages of Within-Subjects Designs
Disadvantages of Within-Subjects Designs
Controlling Within-Subjects Designs
How Can You Choose a Design?
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Within-Subjects Designs: Small N
Small N Designs
ABA Designs
Multiple Baseline Design
Changing Criterion Designs
Discrete Trials Designs
When to Use Large N and Small N Designs
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Results: Coping with Data
Why We Need Statistics
The Argument for Using Statistics
Weighing the Evidence
Statistical Inference: An Overview
Applying Statistical Inference: An Example
Going Beyond Testing the Null Hypothesis
The Odds of Finding Significance
Test Statistics
Organizing and Summarizing Data
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Analyzing Results
Which Test Do I Use?
Statistics for Two Group Experiments
The Chi Square Test
The t Test
Analyzing Multiple Groups and Factorial Experiments
Analysis of Variance
Sources of Variability
A One-Way Between-Subjects Analysis of Variance
One-Way Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance
Analyzing Data from a Between-Subjects Factorial Experiment
Two-Way Analysis of Variance
Repeated Measures and Mixed Factorial Designs
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Discussion
Drawing Conclusions: The Search for the Elusive Bottom Line
Evaluating the Experiment from the Inside: Internal Validity
Taking a Broader Perspective: The Problem of External Validity
Handling a Nonsignificant Outcome
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Writing the Research Report
The Written Report: Purpose and Format
Major Sections
Looking at a Journal Article
Preparing Your Manuscript: Procedural Details
Making Revisions
Summary
Key Terms
Review and Study Questions
Critical Thinking Exercise
Online Resources
Appendixes
Computational Formulas
Statistical Tables
A Journal Article in Manuscript Form
Glossary
References
Index
Photo Credits

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