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Music in Western Civilization

ISBN-10: 0534619622
ISBN-13: 9780534619626
Edition: 2006
List price: $128.95 Buy it from $4.54 Rent it from $15.98
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Description: MUSIC IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION by Wright and Simms places music in the context of the politics and personalities, and the arts and humanities of each period of Western intellectual history. The importance of cultural context is evidenced by chapters  More...

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Book details

List price: $128.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/1/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 800
Size: 8.90" wide x 11.20" long x 1.80" tall
Weight: 4.290
Language: English

MUSIC IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION by Wright and Simms places music in the context of the politics and personalities, and the arts and humanities of each period of Western intellectual history. The importance of cultural context is evidenced by chapters entitled "Richard Strauss in Berlin," "Johann Sebastian Bach: Vocal Music in Leipzig," and "Music in Medieval Paris: Polyphony at Notre Dame." The writing is crystal clear, and student comprehension is increased by means of boldface Key Terms and by concise chapter summaries. The eighty-three brief chapters allow instructors to pick and choose which material they wish to emphasize, and it is available in three formats: comprehensive edition, 2 volumes, and 3 volumes. Moreover, the text is as comprehensive as it is clear. All major composers, styles, and genres are covered. 224 pieces are discussed, with additional commentary and complete musical scores in an accompanying anthology prepared by Professor Timothy Roden. The anthology is available in a two-as well as a three volume set to meet the needs of various course structures. Recordings of all 224 pieces are available on the 13 CDs, and student exercises and analysis questions are found in a companion Student Workbook. In sum, the text of Wright and Simms will revolutionize the teaching of music history because it situates music in its cultural context, yet does so in a way that is clear and easy to understand.

Bryan R. Simms (Bachelor of Arts, Yale University, 1966; Ph.D., Yale University, 1971) has taught since 1976 at the University of Southern California, where he has been director of graduate studies and is currently chair of the department of musicology. He is the recipient of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Fulbright Foundation. He is the author of books and articles on topics in twentieth-century music and music theory, including MUSIC OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (Schirmer 1996) and, most recently, THE ATONAL MUSIC OF ARNOLD SCHOENBERG, 1908-1923 (Oxford University Press).

Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Music in Ancient Greece
Music in Greek Society
The Nature of Greek Music
Music in Greek Philosophy
Greek Music Theory
Key Terms
Antiquity to the Middle Ages: Music in Rome, Jerusalem, and the Early Christian World
Jerusalem and the Rise of Early Christian Music
Key Terms
Music in the Monastery and Convent
The Monastery of St. Gall, Switzerland
The Canonical Hours: The Work of the Lord
Gregorian Chant in the Monastery
Gregorian Chant for Vespers
Gregorian Chant for the Mass
Key Terms
Music Theory in the Monastery: John of St. Gall and Guido of Arezzo
The Eight Church Modes
Chant Notation
Musical Staff and Pitch Names
The Guidonian Hand
Key Terms
Later Medieval Chant: Tropes, Sequences, and the Liturgical Drama of Hildegard of Bingen
Music in the Convent: The Chant and Liturgical Drama of Hildegard of Bingen
Key Terms
Troubadours and Trouveres
The Court of Eleanor of Aquitaine
Key Terms
Early Polyphony
Organum in Music Theory Sources
Organum in Practical Sources
Key Terms
Music in Medieval Paris: Polyphony at Notre Dame
Notre Dame of Paris
Leoninus and the Magnus liber organi
Perotinus the Great
Key Terms
Music in the Cathedral Close and University: Conductus and Motet
Key Terms
In the Parisian Master's Study: Music Theory of the Ars Antiqua and Ars Nova
Franco of Cologne and the Art of Measured Song
Jean des Murs and Philippe de Vitry: The Ars Nova
Key Terms
Music at the Court of the French Kings
The Roman de Fauvel
Philippe de Vitry
Royal Dances
Musical Instruments at Court and in Church
Key Terms
Fourteenth-Century Music in Reims: Guillaume de Machaut
Machaut, the Black Death, and the Hundred Years' War
Machaut and the Formes fixes
Machaut and the Mass of Our Lady
Key Terms
Avignon, Symbolic Scores, and the Ars Subtilior
Papal Avignon
Baude Cordier and Symbolic Scores
Philippus de Caserta: The Ars Subtilior
Key Terms
From Medieval Manuscript to Modern Performance
The Late Middle Ages and Early Renaissance
Music in Florence, 1350-1450
Trecento Music and the Squarcialupi Codex
Francesco Landini
Key Terms
Music at the Cathedral of Florence
Key Terms
Music in England
Rondellus and Rota
English Faburden and Continental Fauxbourdon
King Henry V: The Old Hall Manuscript and the Carol
John Dunstaple and the Contenance Angloise
Key Terms
Music at the Court of Burgundy
Gilles Binchois and the Burgundian Chanson
Guillaume Dufay: A Lament and a Mass for the Christian Soldier
Key Terms
Music at the French Royal Court
Johannes Ockeghem and Musical Canons
A Musical Joke for the French King
Philippe Basiron and the Paraphrase Motet
Antoine Busnoys and the Imitative Chanson
Key Terms
Music in the Low Countries
Jacob Obrecht and the Multiple Cantus Firmus Mass
Musical Instruments
The Basse Danse
Key Terms
The Late Renaissance
Musical Humanism and the Renaissance
Popular Music in Florence, 1475-1540: Carnival Song and Lauda, Frottola, and Early Madrigal
The Carnival Song and the Lauda
The Frottola
The Early Madrigal in Florence
Key Terms
Josquin des Prez and Music in Ferrara
Josquin des Prez
Josquin's Music for Duke Hercules of Ferrara
Josquin and an Artist's Temperament
Key Terms
Music Printing in the Renaissance
Music in Renaissance Paris
The Parisian Chanson
Claudin de Sermisy
Instrumental Arrangements
Dance Music
Key Terms
Renaissance Instruments and Instrumental Music
Keyboard Instruments
String Instruments
Wind Instruments
Instrumental Genres
Key Terms
Music Theory in the Renaissance
Music in Three German Cities: The Protestant-Catholic Confrontation
Innsbruck: Music under Emperor Maximilian I
The Reformation: Music in Augsburg
Orlande de Lassus and the Court of Munich
Epilogue: The Psalter in Other Protestant Countries
Key Terms
Rome and the Music of the Counter-Reformation
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Spanish Music during the Counter-Reformation
Key Terms
Music in Elizabethan England: Early Vocal Music
Henry VIII as Musician and Church Reformer
Thomas Tallis and the English Psalm
William Byrd and the English Anthem
Key Terms
Music in Elizabethan England: Instrumental Music and Later Vocal Music
English Keyboard Music
The English Madrigal
The English Lute Ayre
Key Terms
The Later Madrigal in Ferrara and Mantua: Gesualdo and Monteverdi
The Madrigal in Ferrara
Carlo Gesualdo
Music in Mantua: Isabella d'Este
Claudio Monteverdi
Key Terms
Baroque Music
Early Baroque Music
Characteristics of Early Baroque Music
Key Terms
The Birth of Opera: Florence, Mantua, and Venice
Early Opera in Florence
Early Opera in Mantua: Monteverdi's Orfeo
Early Opera in Venice
Key Terms
The Concerted Style in Venice and Dresden
Giovanni Gabrieli and the Concerted Motet
Claudio Monteverdi and the Concerted Madrigal
Barbara Strozzi and the Early Baroque Cantata
The Concerted Style Moves North: Heinrich Schutz in Dresden
Key Terms
Religious Music in Baroque Rome
The Cappella Pontificia Sistina and the Stile Antico
St. Peter's Basilica and the Colossal Baroque
Organ Music by Girolamo Frescobaldi
Sacred Opera and Oratorio: Giacomo Carissimi's Jephte
The Chamber Cantata: A Christmas Cantata by Alessandro Scarlatti
Key Terms
Instrumental Music in Italy
The Violin Family
Formation of the Baroque Orchestra
Church and Chamber Music
Salomone Rossi and the Early Baroque Sonata
Arcangelo Corelli: Solo Sonata and Trio Sonata
Trumpet Music by Giuseppe Torelli: The Beginnings of the Solo Concerto
Antonio Vivaldi: Solo Concerto and Concerto Grosso
Key Terms
Instrumental Music in Germany and Austria
Johann Froberger and the Baroque Dance Suite
Biber and Kuhnau: The Programmatic Sonata
Dieterich Buxtehude and the North German Organ Tradition
Johann Pachelbel and the South German Tradition
Key Terms
Music in Paris and at the Court of Versailles: Vocal Music
Ballet de cour
Jean-Baptiste Lully and Tragedie lyrique
Religious Music
Elizabeth Jacquet de La Guerre and the Cantate francaise
Key Terms
Music in Paris and at the Court of Versailles: Instrumental Music
The Gaultiers: French Lute Music
The Couperins: French Harpsichord Music
Key Terms
From Ancient to Modern: Aspects of Baroque Music Theory
Music in London: Henry Purcell
Henry Purcell and Theater Music
Purcell's Odes and Funeral Music for Queen Mary
Key Terms
Music in London: George Frideric Handel
Handel and the Dance Suite
Handel and Opera
Handel and Oratorio
Key Terms
Johann Sebastian Bach: Instrumental Music in Weimar and Cothen
Bach in Weimar: The Organ Music
Bach in Cothen: Chamber and Orchestral Music
Key Terms
Johann Sebastian Bach: Vocal Music in Leipzig
The Lutheran Chorale Cantata
Bach's Later Musical Projects
Key Terms
The Enlightenment and the Classical ERA
Music in the Age of Enlightenment: Opera
Music of the Establishment: Enlightenment Opera Seria
Music and Social Change: Comic Opera
The Reform Operas of Gluck
Key Terms
Music in the Age of Enlightenment: Orchestral Music
Public Concerts
The Early Symphony: Giovanni Battista Sammartini in Milan
The Rise of Orchestral Discipline: Johann Stamitz in Mannheim
Key Terms
Music in the Age of Enlightenment: Keyboard Music
Domestic Keyboard Music for Women
The Advent of the Piano
Domenico Scarlatti in Madrid
The Clavichord in Berlin: Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
The Piano in London: Johann Christian Bach
Key Terms
Classical Music in Vienna
Classical Style
Classical Forms
Classical Genres
The Classical Orchestra
Classical Composers
Key Terms
Joseph Haydn: Instrumental Music
The Life of Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
Haydn's Early and Middle Symphonies
Haydn's String Quartets
Haydn's Sonatas and Concertos
Key Terms
Joseph Haydn: Late Symphonies and Vocal Music
The Paris Symphonies
The London Symphonies
The Late Vocal Music
Key Terms
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Instrumental Music
The Life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
Chamber Music
Piano and Violin Sonatas
Key Terms
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Vocal Music
Requiem Mass
Key Terms
The Early Music of Beethoven
Years of Apprenticeship: 1770-1792
Beethoven's World in 1792
Vienna: 1792-1802
Piano Music and the "Pathetique" Sonata
Piano Concerto No. 1 in C Major
The Onset of Deafness
Key Terms
Beethoven's Middle Period: 1802-1814
Beethoven's Life and Music During the Middle Period
Beethoven's Symphonies: New Paths
The Opera Fidelio
Affairs of the Heart: The Immortal Beloved
Key Terms
After the Congress of Vienna: Beethoven's Late Music
Music at the Congress of Vienna
Beethoven's Life and Works in His Late Period
Beethoven's Death and Funeral
Key Terms
The romantic Period
Franz Schubert
Schubert's Life
Schubert's Music: Works for Voices
Chamber, Piano, and Orchestral Compositions
Schubert's Songs
Key Terms
Music in Paris Under Louis Philippe: Berlioz and Chopin
Musical Culture in Paris
Hector Berlioz
Frederic Chopin
Key Terms
Leipzig and the Gewandhaus: Felix Mendelssohn and the Schumanns
Music in Saxony
Felix Mendelssohn: Life and Music
Robert Schumann
Clara Schumann
Key Terms
German Opera of the Nineteenth Century: Weber and Wagner
Carl Maria von Weber
Richard Wagner
Wagner's Music and Theories of Opera
Das Rheingold
Key Terms
Opera in Italy: Rossini and Verdi
Gioachino Rossini
Giuseppe Verdi
Verdi and the Risorgimento
Verdi and Wagner
Key Terms
Nationalism and Virtuosity: Franz Liszt
Liszt's Life and Works
Liszt and the Piano
Liszt, Wagner, and the New German School
Music for Orchestra: The Symphonic Poem
Key Terms
Vienna in the Late Nineteenth Century: Brahms and Bruckner
Vienna in the 1860s
Brahms's Life and Works
Brahms's Vocal Music
Anton Bruckner
Key Terms
Music and Ballet in Nineteenth-Century Russia: Mussorgsky and Tchaikovsky
St. Petersburg in the Late Nineteenth Century
The Kuchka
Modest Mussorgsky
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Ballet in Russia: The Nutcracker
Key Terms
Vienna at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Gustav and Alma Mahler
Mahler's Life
Mahler's Songs
Mahler's Symphonies
Alma Mahler: Musician and Muse
Key Terms
England at the End of the Romantic Period: Elgar and Vaughan Williams
The English Choir Festivals
Edward Elgar
English Music After Elgar: Ralph Vaughan Williams
Key Terms
Opera in Milan After Verdi: Puccini, Toscanini, and Verismo
The Opera Business
Innovations at La Scala
Arturo Toscanini
Puccini at La Scala
Verismo Opera
Key Terms
Paris in the Belle Epoque: Debussy, Faure, and Lili Boulanger
New Poetry
Impressionism in Painting
New Realities: Claude Debussy
Harmonic Chemistry in Debussy's Piano Music
Debussy's Orchestral Music
Gabriel Faure
The Spread of Debussyism: Lili Boulanger
Key Terms
The Early Twentieth Century
Music After 1900
Richard Strauss in Berlin
Richard Strauss
Music of the Opera
Strauss and "Progress"
Key Terms
Music in Russia During the Silver Age: Igor Stravinsky
Realism in Russian Art and Literature
Music During the Silver Age
Sergei Diaghilev and The World of Art
The Ballets Russes
Igor Stravinsky
The Russian Revolution
Key Terms
Atonality: Schoenberg and Scriabin
New Music and Abstract Art
Arnold Schoenberg
The Atonal Style
The Evolution of Schoenberg's Atonal Style
Other Atonalists: Alexander Scriabin
Key Terms
French Music at the Time of World War I: Ravel and Satie
Maurice Ravel
Erik Satie
World War I
Key Terms
New Music in Paris After World War I: Stravinsky and The Six
Musical Life in Paris
Regaining Control
Igor Stravinsky and the Neoclassical Style
Darius Milhaud and "The Six"
Key Terms
Vienna in the Aftermath of War: Twelve-Tone Methods
Austria After 1918
Organizing the Twelve Tones
Schoenberg's Twelve-Tone Method
Anfon Webern
Key Terms
Musical Theater in Germany in the 1920s: Berg and Weill
Georg Buchner
Alban Berg's Wozzeck
Kurt Weill
Key Terms
Bela Bartok and Hungarian Folk Music
Bela Bartok
Hungarian Peasant Music
Bartok's Use of Folk Music
Key Terms
Early Jazz
The Sources of Early Jazz: Ragtime
Popular Songs
Dance Music
Key Terms
Paul Hindemith and Music in Nazi Germany
Musical Life Under the Nazis
Hindemith's Life and Works
Hindemith's Theory of the Twelve Tones
Key Terms
Music in Soviet Russia: Prokofiev and Shostakovich
Sergei Prokofiev
Musical Culture in the Soviet Union
Dmitri Shostakovich
Early Works and Successes
Later Works and Controversies
Key Terms
Self-Reliance in American Music: Ives, Seeger, Nancarrow
Music in Colonial America
Nineteenth-Century Developments
Charles Ives
Ives's Music: Vocal Works
Ives's Instrumental Music: The Unanswered Question
Later Figures: Ruth Crawford Seeger and Conlon Nancarrow
Key Terms
American Composers Return from Europe: Copland and Barber
Copland's Life and Music
The Formation of a Style
Samuel Barber
Barber's Life and Works
Key Terms
Tin Pan Alley and the Broadway Musical
The Popular Song Business
George Gershwin
The Broadway Musical
Rodgers and Hammerstein: Oklahoma!
Leonard Bernstein: West Side Story
Musicals of the 1960s and Beyond
Key Terms
Contemporary Music
After World War II
Reflections on War: Britten, Penderecki, and Others
Richard Strauss, Metamorphosen
Arnold Schoenberg, A Survivor from Warsaw
Benjamin Britten and the War Requiem
Krzysztof Penderecki
Key Terms
Twelve-Tone Music and Serialism After World War II
The Twelve-Tone Revival
Milton Babbitt and "Total Serialism"
Igor Stravinsky, Agon
Pierre Boulez, Le marteau sans maitre
The Waning of the Twelve-Tone Method
Key Terms
Alternatives to Serialism: Chance, Electronics, Textures
Chance Music: John Cage
Electronic Music: Edgard Varese
New Musical Textures: Olivier Messiaen
Key Terms
Harlem in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s: Big Bands, Bebop, and Cool Jazz
Jazz in Harlem
The Big Bands: Fletcher Henderson and Duke Ellington
Cool and Free Jazz
Key Terms
The Birth of Rock
Music in the 1960s and 1970s: Live Processes, Minimalism, Metric Modulations
New Uses of the Voice: Luciano Berio and George Crumb
Elliott Carter
Minimalism: Steve Reich
Key Terms
Returning to the Known: Music of the Recent Past
Mixing Styles: Gyorgy Ligeti
The Transformation of Minimalism: John Adams
Reviving the Recent Past: Joan Tower
The Renaissance Reborn: Arvo Part
Music in the Twenty-First Century
Key Terms

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