Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

ISBN-10: 0534615422
ISBN-13: 9780534615420
Edition: 3rd 2006 (Revised)
List price: $240.95
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Description: The revision of this best-selling book presents a comprehensive analysis of how various criminal justice systems throughout the world compare. New co-author Harry Dammer has extensively revised the text to reflect the latest trends and most  More...

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Book details

List price: $240.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/19/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 456
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.518
Language: English

The revision of this best-selling book presents a comprehensive analysis of how various criminal justice systems throughout the world compare. New co-author Harry Dammer has extensively revised the text to reflect the latest trends and most up-to-date information on such hot topics as international crime control and corrections. By using a topical approach (examining various aspects of each system, such as policing, drugs, sentencing, and juvenile justice) rather than a country- by-country approach, the book gives students a more realistic understanding of the similarities and differences of each system. The authors use six "model" countries (China, England, Germany, Japan, Saudi Arabia, and France) to provide specific examples and explore historical, political, economic, social, and cultural influences on each system.

Robert C. Solomon (1942-2007) was internationally renowned as a teacher and lecturer in philosophy. He was Quincy Lee Centennial Professor and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan and over the course of his career taught at numerous institutions, including Princeton University, the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Auckland, and the University of California, in addition to the University of Texas. He authored more than 40 books, including INTRODUCING PHILOSOPHY, A SHORT HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY, THE PASSIONS, IN THE SPIRIT OF HEGEL, ABOUT LOVE, ABOVE THE BOTTOM LINE, Fourth Edition (with Clancy Martin), ETHICS AND EXCELLENCE, THE JOY OF PHILOSOPHY, and TRUE TO OUR FEELINGS, and he was co-editor of TWENTY QUESTIONS, Fifth Edition (with Lee Bowie and Meredith Michaels), and SINCE SOCRATES (with Clancy Martin).

Harry R. Dammer, Ph.D., is professor and chair of Criminal Justice/Sociology at the University of Scranton. In addition to COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, he is also the author of RELIGION IN CORRECTIONS and THE OFFENDER IN THE COMMUNITY with Todd R. Clear, as well as many articles, manuals, and professional reports on a variety of criminal justice topics. A graduate of the Rutgers School of Criminal Justice, Dr. Dammer is active in numerous professional organizations, including the American Society of Criminology, the American Correctional Association, and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences--where he served as chair of the International Section. He received two Fulbright Grants and has lectured at numerous professional conferences in Canada, South Korea, Hungary, Greece, Switzerland, Germany, England, Portugal, China, and Poland.

Preface
Setting the Stage
Introduction
Defining Terms
Why Compare Systems of and Issues in Criminal Justice?
The Historical-Political Approach
Model Systems
Basic Values in the Criminal Justice System
Political Culture Versus Politicized Justice
The Plan of This Book
Summary
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Measuring and Comparing Crime in and Across Nations
Why Measure Crime and Compare Crime Data?
The Historical Background of International Crime Data
The Different Kinds of Crime Data
Limitations of International Crime Data
How to Compare International Crime Data
International Crime Rates
The Exceptions: Countries with Low Crime Rates
How Does the United States Measure Up?
Summary
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Families of Law
Ancient and Lesser-Employed Legal Systems
Clarifying Terms
The Civil Law
The Common Law
The Socialist Law
The Islamic Law
Summary
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Six Model Nations
England
France
Germany
China
Japan
Saudi Arabia
Summary
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Criminal Justice Processes
Law Enforcement: Functions, Organization, and Community Involvement
Functions of Police
Policing in the Model Countries
Community Policing and Its Implementation in the Model Countries
International Police Cooperation
Summary
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Constitutional Review
Judicial Review: An American Contribution to the Science of Government
Other Possible Arrangements for Constitutional Review
Constitutional Review and the Criminal Process
Constitutional Review in the Model Countries
Beyond Constitutional Review: Supranational Courts of Human Rights
Summary
Discussion Questions and Activities
For Further Reading
Criminal Procedure
The Adversarial System
Common Law Criminal Procedure
The Inquisitorial System
Civil Law Criminal Procedure
Socialist Criminal Procedure
Japan: The Hybrid Situation
Islamic Criminal Procedure
The Convergence of Systems
Summary
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Legal Actors
The Legal Profession
Key Issues in the Legal Profession
Bureaucratic and Political Organization of Legal Actors
The Legal Profession in the Model Systems of Justice
Summary
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Courts
The Concept of a Court
The Development of Courts in Western Nations
The Study of Courts
Courts in England
Courts in France
Courts in Germany
Courts in China
Courts in Japan
Courts in Saudi Arabia
Supranational Courts
Summary
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
After Conviction: The Sentencing Process
The Purposes of Criminal Sanctions
Sentencing Practices
Corporal Punishment
Noncustodial Sanctions
Imprisonment
The Death Penalty
Public Opinion and Sentencing
Summary
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
After Conviction: The Problem of Prison
The Evolution of Prison Systems
Penal Policy in the Model Nations
Prison Crowding
Rights of Prisoners
Summary
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Modern Dilemmas in International Criminal Justice
Terrorism
The Historical Background of Terrorism
Defining Terrorism
The Goals of Terrorism
The Prevalence of Terrorism
Terrorist Groups
Terrorism in the Model Nations
Responses to International Terrorism
The Future of Terrorism
Summary
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Transnational Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking
What Is Organized Crime?
The Scope of the Organized Crime Problem Worldwide
"Traditional" Criminal Syndicates
"New" Organized Crime Groups
The Organized Drug Trade
Responses to Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking
Summary
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Contemporary Influences and Future Developments in Transnational Crime and Justice
Convergence
Cultural Persistence
Political and Policy-Making Processes
Looking to the Future
Summary
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers
Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners
Demographic Summaries
The World's Legal Systems
Glossary
Works Cited
Index

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