Essentials of Abnormal Psychology

ISBN-10: 0534605753
ISBN-13: 9780534605759
Edition: 4th 2006
List price: $177.95
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Description: This brief version of Durand and Barlow's best-selling text was created specifically for those professors who were drawn to the authors' standard-setting integrative approach but who wanted a shorter, more accessible book for their students. In this  More...

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Book details

List price: $177.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/20/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 702
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 4.136
Language: English

This brief version of Durand and Barlow's best-selling text was created specifically for those professors who were drawn to the authors' standard-setting integrative approach but who wanted a shorter, more accessible book for their students. In this briefer version, the authors explain abnormal psychology in the most modern, scientifically valid method for studying abnormal psychology. Through this integrative approach, students learn that psychological disorders are rooted in multiple factors: biological, psychological, cultural, social, familial, and even political. Conversational writing style, consistent pedagogy, video clips of real clients (located on the accompanying free Abnormal Psychology Live 2.5 CD-ROM), and real case profiles - 95 percent from the authors' own case files - provide a realistic context for the scientific findings of the book, and ensure that readers never lose sight of the fact that beyond the DSM-IV-TR criteria, the theories, and the research are real people. With this text, students can take advantage of Abnormal PsychologyNow, our web-based, intelligent study system that, by using online diagnostic pre- and post-tests, helps students prioritize their study time by creating personalized study plans that focus only the sections in which they experienced difficulty.

Preface
Culture Index
Gender Index
Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context
Understanding Psychopathology
Judy: The Girl Who Fainted at the Sight of Blood
What Is a Psychological Disorder?
The Science of Psychopathology
Historical Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior
The Supernatural Tradition
Demons and Witches
Stress and Melancholy
Charles VI: The Mad King
Treatments for Possession
The Moon and the Stars
Comments
The Biological Tradition
Hippocrates and Galen
The 19th Century
The Development of Biological Treatments
Consequences of the Biological Tradition
The Psychological Tradition
Moral Therapy
Asylum Reform and the Decline of Moral Therapy
Psychoanalytic Theory
Humanistic Theory
The Behavioral Model
The Present: The Scientific Method and an Integrative Approach
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
An Integrative Approach to Psychopathology
One-Dimensional or Multidimensional Models
What Caused Judy's Phobia?
Outcome and Comments
Genetic Contributions to Psychopathology
The Nature of Genes
New Developments in the Study of Genes and Behavior
The Interaction of Genetic and Environmental Effects
Nongenomic "Inheritance" of Behavior
Neuroscience and Its Contributions to Psychopathology
The Central Nervous System
The Structure of the Brain
The Peripheral Nervous System
Neurotransmitters
Implications for Psychopathology
Psychosocial Influences on Brain Structure and Function
Interactions of Psychosocial Factors with Brain Structure and Function
Comments
Behavioral and Cognitive Science
Conditioning and Cognitive Processes
Learned Helplessness and Learned Optimism
Social Learning
Prepared Learning
Cognitive Science and the Unconscious
Emotions
The Physiology and Purpose of Fear
Emotional Phenomena
The Components of Emotion
Anger and Your Heart
Emotions and Psychopathology
Cultural, Social, and Interpersonal Factors
Voodoo, the Evil Eye, and Other Fears
Gender
Social Effects on Health and Behavior
Global Incidence of Psychological Disorders
Life-Span Development
The Principle of Equifinality
Conclusions
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Clinical Assessment, Diagnosis, and Research Methods
Assessing Psychological Disorders
Frank: Young, Serious, and Anxious
Key Concepts in Assessment
The Clinical Interview
Physical Examination
Behavioral Assessment
Psychological Testing
Neuropsychological Testing
Neuroimaging: Pictures of the Brain
Psychophysiological Assessment
Diagnosing Psychological Disorders
Classification Issues
DSM-IV
Current Trends
Conducting Research in Psychopathology
Basic Components of a Research Study
Statistical versus Clinical Significance
The "Average" Client
Types of Research Methods
Studying Individual Cases
Research by Correlation
Research by Experiment
Single-Case Experimental Designs
Genetics and Research Across Time and Cultures
Studying Genetics
Studying Behavior over Time
Studying Behavior Across Cultures
The Power of a Program of Research
Replication
Research Ethics
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Anxiety Disorders
The Complexity of Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety, Fear, and Panic: Some Definitions
Gretchen: Attacked by Panic
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
Comorbidity of Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Clinical Description
Irene: Ruled by Worry
Statistics
Causes
Treatment
Panic Disorder with and without Agoraphobia
Mrs. M.: Self-Imprisoned
Clinical Description
Statistics
Causes
Treatment
Specific Phobia
Clinical Description
Statistics
Causes
Treatment
Social Phobia
Billy: Too Shy
Clinical Description
Star Player?
Statistics
Causes
Treatment
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Clinical Description
The Joneses: One Victim, Many Traumas
Statistics
Causes
Treatment
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Clinical Description
Richard: Enslaved by Ritual
Statistics
Causes
Treatment
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders
Somatoform Disorders
Hypochondriasis
Gail: Invisibly Ill
Somatization Disorder
Linda: Full-Time Patient
Conversion Disorder
Eloise: Unlearning Walking
Celia: Seeing Through Blindness
Pain Disorder
The Medical Student: Temporary Pain
The Woman with Cancer: Managing Pain
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Jim: Ashamed to Be Seen
Dissociative Disorders
Depersonalization Disorder
Bonnie: Dancing Away from Herself
Dissociative Amnesia
The Woman Who Lost Her Memory
Dissociative Fugue
The Misbehaving Sheriff
Dissociative Trance Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Jonah: Bewildering Blackouts
The Hillside Strangler
Sybil: A Childhood Drama
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Mood Disorders and Suicide
Understanding and Defining Mood Disorders
Katie: Weathering Depression
An Overview of Depression and Mania
The Structure of Mood Disorders
Depressive Disorders
Jack: A Life Kept Down
Bipolar Disorders
Jane: Funny, Smart, and Desperate
Billy: The World's Best at Everything
Prevalence of Mood Disorders
In Children and Adolescents
In the Elderly
Across Cultures
Among the Creative
The Overlap of Anxiety and Depression
Causes of Mood Disorders
Biological Dimensions
Brain Wave Activity
Psychological Dimensions
Katie: No Easy Transitions
Social and Cultural Dimensions
An Integrative Theory
Treatment of Mood Disorders
Medications
Electroconvulsive Therapy and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Psychological Treatments
Beck and Irene: A Dialogue
Combined Treatments
Preventing Relapse
Psychological Treatments for Bipolar Disorder
Katie: The Triumph of the Self
Suicide
Statistics
Causes
Risk Factors
Is Suicide Contagious?
Treatment
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Physical Disorders and Health Psychology
Psychological and Social Factors That Influence Health
Health and Health-Related Behavior
The Nature of Stress
The Physiology of Stress
Contributions to the Stress Response
Stress, Anxiety, Depression, and Excitement
Stress and the Immune Response
Psychosoical Effects on Physical Disorders
AIDS
Cancer
Cardiovascular Problems
John: The Human Volcano
Hypertension
Coronary Heart Disease
Chronic Pain
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Psychosocial Treatment of Physical Disorders
Biofeedback
Relaxation and Meditation
A Comprehensive Stress- and Pain-Reduction Program
Sally: Improving Her Perception
Drugs and Stress-Reduction Programs
Denial as a Means of Coping
Modifying Behaviors to Promote Health
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Eating and Sleep Disorders
Major Types of Eating Disorders
Bulimia Nervosa
Phoebe: Apparently Perfect
Anorexia Nervosa
Julie: The Thinner the Better
Binge-Eating Disorder
Statistics
Causes of Eating Disorders
Social Dimensions
Phoebe: Dancing to Destruction
Biological Dimensions
Psychological Dimensions
An Integrative Model
Treatment of Eating Disorders
Drug Treatments
Psychological Treatments
Phoebe: Taking Control
Preventing Eating Disorders
Obesity
Statistics
Disordered Eating Patterns in Cases of Obesity
Causes
Treatment
Sleep Disorders: The Major Dyssomnias
An Overview of Sleep Disorders
Primary Insomnia
Sonja: School on Her Mind
Primary Hypersomnia
Ann: Sleeping in Public
Narcolepsy
Breathing-Related Sleep Disorders
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders
Treatment of Sleep Disorders
Medical Treatments
Environmental Treatments
Psychological Treatments
Preventing Sleep Disorders
Parasomnias and Their Treatment
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
What Is Normal Sexuality?
Gender Differences
Cultural Differences
The Development of Sexual Orientation
Gender Identity Disorder
Joe: Trapped in the Wrong Body
Defining Gender Identity Disorder
Causes
John/Joan
Treatment
Overview of Sexual Dysfunctions
Sexual Desire Disorders
Mr. and Mrs. C.: Getting Started
Lisa: The Terror of Sex
Sexual Arousal Disorders
Bill: Long Marriage, New Problem
Orgasm Disorders
Greta and Will: Loving Disunion
Gary: Running Scared
Sexual Pain Disorders
Jill: Sex and Spasms
Assessing Sexual Behavior
Causes and Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction
Causes of Sexual Dysfunction
Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction
Carl: Never Too Late
Paraphilia: Clinical Descriptions
Fetishism
Voyeurism and Exhibitionism
Robert: Outside the Curtains
Transvestic Fetishism
Mr. M.: Strong Man in a Dress
Sexual Sadism and Sexual Masochism
Pedophilia and Incest
Tony: More and Less a Father
Paraphilia in Women
Causes of Paraphilia
Robert: Revenge on Repression
Tony: Trained Too Young
Assessing and Treating Paraphilia
Psychological Treatment
Tony: Imagining the Worst
Drug Treatments
Summary
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Substance-Related and Impulse-Control Disorders
Perspectives on Substance-Related Disorders
Danny: Multiple Dependencies
Levels of Involvement
Diagnostic Issues
Depressants
Alcohol Use Disorders
Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Substance Use Disorders
Stimulants
Amphetamine Use Disorders
Cocaine Use Disorders
Nicotine Use Disorders
Caffeine Use Disorders
Opioids
Hallucinogens
Marijuana
LSD and Other Hallucinogens
Other Drugs of Abuse
Causes of Substance-Related Disorders
Biological Dimensions
Psychological Dimensions
Cognitive Factors
Social Dimensions
Cultural Dimensions
An Integrative Model
Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders
Biological Treatments
Psychosocial Treatments
Prevention
Impulse-Control Disorders
Intermittent Explosive Disorder
Kleptomania
Pyromania
Pathological Gambling
Trichotillomania
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Personality Disorders
An Overview of Personality Disorders
Aspects of Personality Disorders
Categorical and Dimensional Models
Personality Disorder Clusters
Statistics and Development
Gender Differences
Comorbidity
Personality Disorders Under Study
Cluster A Personality Disorders
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Jake: Research Victim
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Mr. Z.: All on His Own
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Mr. S.: Man with a Mission
Cluster B Personality Disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Ryan: The Thrill Seeker
Borderline Personality Disorder
Claire: A Stranger Among Us
Histrionic Personality Disorder
Pat: Always Onstage
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Willie: It's All About Me
Cluster C Personality Disorders
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Jane: Not Worth Noticing
Dependent Personality Disorder
Karen: Whatever You Say
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
Daniel: Getting It Exactly Right
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
Perspectives on Schizophrenia
Early Figures in Diagnosing Schizophrenia
Identifying Symptoms
Arthur: Saving the Children
Clinical Description, Symptoms, and Subtypes
Positive Symptoms
David: Missing Uncle Bill
Negative Symptoms
Disorganized Symptoms
Schizophrenia Subtypes
Other Psychotic Disorders
Prevalence and Causes of Schizophrenia
Statistics
Development
Cultural Factors
Genetic Influences
Neurobiological Influences
Psychological and Social Influences
Treatment of Schizophrenia
Biological Interventions
Psychosocial Interventions
Treatment Across Cultures
Prevention
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Developmental and Cognitive Disorders
Common Developmental Disorders
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Danny: The Boy Who Couldn't Sit Still
Learning Disorders
Alice: Taking a Reading Disorder to College
Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Autistic Disorder
Amy: In Her Own World
Asperger's Disorder
Treatment of Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Mental Retardation
James: Up to the Challenge
Clinical Description
Statistics
Causes
Treatment of Mental Retardation
Prevention of Developmental Disorders
Cognitive Disorders
Delirium
Mr. J.: Sudden Distress
Dementia
Diana: Humiliation and Fear
Amnestic Disorder
S.T.: Remembering Fragments
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Mental Health Services: Legal and Ethical Issues
Arthur: A Family's Dilemma
Civil Commitment
Criteria for Civil Commitment
Changes Affecting Civil Commitment
Joyce Brown: Homeless but Not Helpless
An Overview of Civil Commitment
Criminal Commitment
The Insanity Defense
Reactions to the Insanity Defense
Therapeutic Jurisprudence
Competence to Stand Trial
Duty to Warn
Mental Health Professionals as Expert Witnesses
Patients' Rights and Clinical Practice Guidelines
The Right to Treatment
The Right to Refuse Treatment
Research Participants' Rights
Greg Aller: Concerned About Rights
Evidence-Based Practice and Clinical Practice Guidelines
Conclusions
Summary
Key Terms
Answers to Concept Checks
Chapter Quiz
Answers to Chapter Quizzes
Glossary
References
Credits
Name Index
Subject Index

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