Practical Study of Argument

ISBN-10: 0534605257
ISBN-13: 9780534605254
Edition: 6th 2005 (Revised)
Authors: Trudy Govier
List price: $212.95
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Description: Govier's THE PRACTICAL STUDY OF ARGUMENT provides students with a practical, unpatronizing, and academically serious introduction to sound argumentation. Presenting enough theory to explain why certain kinds of arguments are good or bad and enough  More...

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Book details

List price: $212.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 5/11/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 480
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

Govier's THE PRACTICAL STUDY OF ARGUMENT provides students with a practical, unpatronizing, and academically serious introduction to sound argumentation. Presenting enough theory to explain why certain kinds of arguments are good or bad and enough illustrations and examples to show how such theory is brought to life in everyday practice, the text provides the student with a comprehensive introduction to critical thinking and some of the basics of formal logic.

Preface
What Is an Argument? (And What Is Not?)
Argument and Opinion
What Is an Argument?
Where and How Do You Find Arguments?
Why Are Arguments Important?
What Isn't an Argument?
Argument and Explanation: What's the Difference?
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Pinning Down Argument Structure
Standardizing an Argument
From Colloquial Writing to Standardized Form
General Strategies for Standardizing Arguments
Important Details about Conclusions
Important Details about Premises
The Principle of Charity in Argument Interpretation
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
When Is an Argument a Good One?
The ARG Conditions
More on the (R) and (G) Conditions: Reasoning from Premises to Conclusions
Using the ARG Conditions to Evaluate Arguments
The Significance of Argument Evaluation
The Challenge of Argument
Evaluating Arguments and Constructing Your Own Arguments
The Dialectical Context
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Looking at Language
Definitions
Further Features of Language
Clarity and Audience: The Problem of Jargon
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Premises: What to Accept and Why
The Dilemma of Premises
When Premises Are Acceptable
Summary of Acceptability Conditions
When Premises Are Unacceptable
Summary of Unacceptability Conditions
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Working on Relevance
Characteristics of Relevance
Some Ways of Being Relevant
Irrelevance: Some General Comments
Fallacies Involving Irrelevance
Irrelevance, Missing Premises, and Argument Criticism
Emotional Appeals, Irrelevance, and Distraction
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Deductions: Categorical Logic
Deductive Relations
Four Categorical Forms
Natural Language and Categorical Form
Venn Diagrams
Rules of Immediate Inference
Contrary and Contradictory Predicates and False Dichotomies
Categorical Logic: Some Philosophical Background
The Categorical Syllogism
The Rules of the Categorical Syllogism
Applying Categorical Logic
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Deductively Valid Arguments: Propositional Logic
Definition of the Basic Symbols Used in Propositional Logic
Testing for Validity by the Truth Table Technique
The Shorter Truth Table Technique
Translating from English into Propositional Logic
Further Points about Translation
Simple Proofs in Propositional Logic
Propositional Logic and Cogent Arguments
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
An Introduction to Inductive Arguments
Philosophical Background
Inductive Generalizations
Causal Inductive Arguments
Correlations
Problems with Premises
Common Fallacies in Inductive Arguments
Different Senses of Inductive
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Analogies: Reasoning from Case to Case
The Nature and Functions of Analogy
Analogy and Consistency
Inductive Analogies
Further Critical Strategies
Loose and Misleading Analogies
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Conductive Arguments and Counterconsiderations
Counterconsiderations
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Notes
Reflective Analysis of Longer Works
Introduction
Reading for Understanding
Reading for Appraisal
Developing an Outline for Your Essay
A Sample Essay
Working through an Example
Chapter Summary
Review of Terms Introduced
Note
A Summary of Fallacies
Selected Essays for Analysis
"How Patriarchy Becomes Santa Claus: Why a Myth Is as Good as Its Smile,"
"Abortion and Violence,"
"Believing in the Goddess?"
"Clash Over Climate Change: Singer Article Clouds the Picture,"
"Global Warming Proof Still Suspect,"
Answers to Selected Exercises
Index

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