Public Administration Clashing Values in the Administration of Public Policy

ISBN-10: 0534601375
ISBN-13: 9780534601379
Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)
Authors: Michael C. LeMay
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Description: A part of our successful new ADVANTAGE SERIES in Political Science?offering lower student prices for introductory texts?Public Administration, by Michael LeMay, uses a "clash of values" approach that gets to the heart of how administrators make  More...

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Book details

List price: $94.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/19/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 480
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.156
Language: English

A part of our successful new ADVANTAGE SERIES in Political Science?offering lower student prices for introductory texts?Public Administration, by Michael LeMay, uses a "clash of values" approach that gets to the heart of how administrators make decisions and implement public policy. Engaging, disparate case studies and examples grab the reader's imagination, capturing the full essence and intricacies of this unique area of political science. Fully integrated Internet resources keep the material up-to-date, and encourage students to explore topics through independent research. The "clash of values" theme loosely organizes the text and infuses every chapter, providing students with a sense of how values connote principles, goals, or standards that an individual, class, organization, or society holds dear. A secondary theme investigates the roles that public administrators play throughout the policy process, including targeting a problem, placing it on the government's agenda, structuring the alternatives that elected officials use, implementing public policy through the programs and procedures they largely determine, and finally, evaluating the success or failure of a policy. The second edition updates the value discussion to include the clash of uniformity versus diversity. It describes the reorganization of the national bureaucracies following the 9/11 attacks that prompted the enactment of the PATRIOT Act and the establishment of the Department of Homeland Security.

List of Boxes, Cartoons, Figures, Photos, and Tables
Preface
Balancing Values in the Administration of Public Policy
Introduction
The Clash of Values in the Administration of Public Policy
Efficiency versus Responsiveness
Public versus Private
Neutrality versus Tolerance
Uniformity versus Diversity
Economic Capitalism versus Individual Rights
Limited Government versus Popular Sovereignty
The Study of Public Administration
Key Concepts in the Study of Public Administration
Line versus Staff Agencies
The Structures of Government in the Executive Branch
The Executive Office of the President
Cabinet-Level Departments
Independent Agencies
Government Corporations
Intergovernmental Agencies
Evolving Approaches to the Study of Public Administration
The Era of Representativeness
Neutral Competence and the Period of Reform
The Principles of Administration
The Executive Leadership Era
The Systems Framework and the Ecology of Public Administration
The Public Choice Model and Public Administration
The Net and School Choice
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
The Social, Political, Economic, and Environmental Context of Administration
Introduction
The Political System, Values, and Social Change
The Concept of Administrative Agencies in the Political System
The Systems Model, Public Administration, and Transportation Policy
Developing Value Conflicts
Social Change and Value Conflict in Administration
Abortion
Affirmative Action
The Development of the Political Party System
The Role of Third Parties as Value Sources
Interest Groups and Values in Public Administration
Relationships between Regulators and the Regulated
The Economic Context of Public Administration
Industrialization and Changing Economic Values
Value Shifts and Technology Changes in the Postindustrial Era
The Ecological and Environmental Context
Environmental Concerns and Value Conflicts in Public Administration
Bar Wars
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
The Anatomy of Public Organization: Bureaucratic Power and Politics
Introduction
Internal Sources of Values
The Concepts of Organizational Culture and Bureaucratic Ideology
The Organizational Culture
Groupthink
Functions of Organizational Culture
The Use of Symbols
The Bureaucratic Ideology
Bureaucratic Symbols
Symbolic Management
Organizational Effects on Cognitive Processes and Value Systems
Special Uses of Jargon
The Foundations of Bureaucratic Power
Organizational Structure
Bureaucrats as Politicians
Internal Sources of Values
The Groupthink Failure: A Centralized Bureaucracy Won't Improve Intelligence
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Administration in the Federal System: Intergovernmental Relations and Constitutional Sources of Values
Introduction
The Backdrop of Federalism
Models of U.S. Federalism
The Layer-Cake Model
The Marble-Cake Model
The Picket-Fence Model
Approaches to Federalism
Dual Federalism
Cooperative Federalism
Creative Federalism
New Federalism
Renewed Federalism
Fiscal Federalism
Types of Governmental Grants-in-Aid
Coercive Federalism and the Use of Unfunded Mandates
Intergovernmental Relations and Public Administration
No Child Left Behind Act: What Will It Cost States?
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Alternative Theories of Organizational Behavior: Classic Models and Ideological Sources of Values
Introduction
Schools of Organizational Theory
The Classical School of Organizational Theorists
The Human Relations School of Organizational Theorists
The Neoclassical School of Organizational Theorists
The Systems School of Organizational Theorists
The New Public Management School of Organizational Theorists
The Budget-Minimizing Bureaucrat? Empirical Evidence from the Senior Executive Service
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Decision Making in the Administration of Public Policy
Introduction
Models of Decision Making in Administration
Rational-Comprehensive Model
Bargaining Model
Incremental Model
Participate Model
Public Choice Model
The Ethical Dimensions of Decision Making
Institutional Ethics
Personal Ethics
The Limits of Decision Making
Time
Uncertainty
Distortion of Information
Crisis
Comprehensive Administrative Reform Implementation
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Management of Bureaucratic Organizations: The Strategic Use of Values in Policy Making and Administration
Introduction
Management and Managerialism
Approaches to Management
Management by Objectives
Organizational Development
Operations Research
Program Evaluation and Review Technique
Quality Circles
Total Quality Management
Entrepreneurialism
Performance Management
Contracting Out
Exploring Total Quality Management
Strategic Management
Capabilities and Environmental Constraints
SWOT Analysis
Strategic Factors in Management
Challenges to Strategic Management
Mandates
Efficiency
Competitiveness
Boundaries
Public versus Private Interests
Service
Performance-Based Budgeting in a Performance-Based Budget-Cutting Environment
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Evaluation of Public Policy: Swinging the Pendulum of Administrative Politics
Introduction
Values and the Public Policy Process
The Example of Head Start
The Role of Elites
Results-Oriented and Process-Oriented Management
The Policy-Making Process
The Bureaucratic Politics Model
Stages in the Policy Process
The Feedback Effect
The Influence of Administrators
Values and Implementation
The Bald Eagle Protection Act and the Pathfinder Program Examples
The Welfare Reform Example
Administrators and Measuring Policy Results
Program Evaluation and Policy Development
Program Evaluation Standards
Deconstructing Research on Systems of Care for Youth with EBD
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Personnel Administration and Unionism in Public Administration
Introduction
Affirmative Action and Reverse Discrimination
The Functions of Personnel Administration
Position Classification and the General Schedule System
Senior Executive Service
Recruitment
Collective Bargaining
Performance Appraisal
Common Performance Appraisals
Training and Development
Public Employee Strikes and Job Actions
Rights of Employees
The Historical Development of Personnel Administration
The Pendleton Act
Civil Service Reform Act of 1978
Affirmative Action and Comparable Worth
National Performance Review
The Ebb and Flow of Union Strength
The Evolution of Collective Bargaining
Merit, Management, and Neutral Competence
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Leadership: The Chief Executive, the Bureaucracy, and the Search for Accountability
Introduction
Defining Authority and Leadership
Personality Types
Micromanagement
Approaches to Leadership
Leadership and Management
The Search for Leadership Traits
Transactional Leadership
Transformational Leadership
Styles of Leadership
The Director
The Motivator
The Coordinator or Facilitator
The Catalyst
The Spokesperson
The Crisis Manager
Accountability in Public Administration
Constitutional and Legal Constraints
Casework
Political Values versus Organizational Goals
Aspects of Leadership
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Communication Flows in Administration: The Fuzzing of Values
Introduction
Communication in Administration
Value Content in Communication
Types of Communication
Formal Communication
Informal Communication
Communication's Role in Organizations
Communication Networks and Efficiency
Small Groups in Organizational Communication Channels
The Flows of Communication
Downward Communication
Upward Communication
Horizontal Communication
Diagonal Information
Communication Technology
The State of State Whistle-Blower Protection
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Financial Management: Taxing, Budgeting, and Spending
Introduction
Placing Monetary Values on Priorities
Values and Financial Planning
The Role of the Budget Process
The Functions of Financial Management
The Taxing Function
The Tax Burden
The Budget-Making Function
Types of Budgets
The Auditing Function
Types of Audits
Auditing Agencies
The Accounting Function
Types of Accounting
Accounting Practices
The Evaluating Function
Fiscal Policy Outcomes and Electoral Accountability in U.S. States
The Politics of the Budgetary Process
Sources of Revenue
Areas of Expenditure
Budget Theories and Practices
Keynesian Theory
Supply-Side Economics
Budget Authorization and Appropriation
Budget Execution and Implementation
Budget Strategies
Budget Reforms
Congressional Influence
Problems of Debt
Economic Policy
Fiscal Policy
Monetary Policy
Privatization
The Congressional Budget Process and Some Proposed Reforms
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Administrative Law and the Control of Public Agencies
Introduction
Law and Ethics as Sources of Public Values
Courts, Democratic Ideals, and Administrative Law
Accountability
The Rise of Regulation
State and Local Regulation
The Upward Expansion of Regulation
Regulation and the Courts
Technology Issues
Privacy versus the Public's Right to Know
Administrative Law and Regulatory Agencies
The Limits of Administrative Law
Discretion
Regulatory Procedures and the Adjudication Process
The Expanding Role of Administrative Judges
The Influence of Social Change
The Influence of Economic Changes
External and Internal Controls
The Role of the Whistle-Blower
The Regulatory System and Competing Values
Trends in State Regulatory Power: Balancing Regulation and Deregulation
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Clientele Pressure and Government Policy: Interest Groups as Sources of Values
Introduction
Societal Values and What Government Regulates
Economic Regulation
Social Regulation
Subsidiary Regulation
Regulatory Agencies and Clientele Groups
Captive Agencies
Types of Rules and Stages of Rule Making
The Twelve Stages of Rule Making
Clientele Groups and Captive Agencies
The Unorganized Lose Out
Strategies of Support
Advisory Positions and Task Forces
Public Hearings
New Public Management
What Makes a Clientele Group Effective?
The Current and Future Directions of Regulation
Government Support for Groups
Economic Development Support
Structures Matter, but Leadership Matters More
Net Assignment
Summary
Glossary of Key Terms
Review Questions
Surfing the Net
Chapter Notes
Suggested Readings
Bibliography
Index

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