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Metaethics, Normative Ethics, and Applied Ethics Historical and Contemporary Readings

ISBN-10: 0534573843
ISBN-13: 9780534573843
Edition: 2000
Authors: James Fieser
List price: $194.95 Buy it from $21.82 Rent it from $17.01
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Description: METAETHICS, NORMATIVE ETHICS, AND APPLIED ETHICS: CONTEMPORARY AND HISTORICAL READINGS is the first ethics reader to include the three major areas of ethical study: theory, moral problems, and applied ethics. This collection of the most notable  More...

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Book details

List price: $194.95
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 11/15/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

METAETHICS, NORMATIVE ETHICS, AND APPLIED ETHICS: CONTEMPORARY AND HISTORICAL READINGS is the first ethics reader to include the three major areas of ethical study: theory, moral problems, and applied ethics. This collection of the most notable essays on ethics past and present also includes newly edited pieces, revised versions, and several essays that were written specifically for this volume.

James Fieser is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee at Martin. He received his B.A. from Berea College and his M.A. and Ph.D. in philosophy from Purdue University. He is author, co-author, or editor of ten textbooks, including SOCRATES TO SARTRE AND BEYOND (9/e 2011), ETHICAL THEORY: CLASSICAL AND CONTEMPORARY READINGS (6/e 2010), A HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (2003), and MORAL PHILOSOPHY THROUGH THE AGES (2001). He has edited and annotated the ten-volume EARLY RESPONSES TO HUME (2/e 2005) and the five-volume SCOTTISH COMMON SENSE PHILOSOPHY (2000). He is founder and general editor of the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy website (http://www.iep.utm.edu).

Preface
Metaethics
Moral Relativism
"A Dialogue," from Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) [A]
"The Challenge of Cultural Relativism," from Elements of Moral Philosophy (1999)
Moral Realism vs. Moral Skepticism
"Moral Forms," from The Republic, Bk. 6, 504d-510b (4th cn. BCE)
"Moral Skepticism," from Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong (1977)
God and Morality
"Euthyphro Dilemma" from Euthyphro 10a-11b (4th cn. BCE)
from "The Treatise on Law" in Summa Theologica (c.1270)
"Morality Independent of Religion," from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779) and The Natural History of Religion (1757)
"The Primacy of God's Will in Theistic Ethics" (1992) [A]
"God and the Basis of Morality" (1982)
Egoism vs. Altruism
"The Selfish Origins of Pity and Charity," from Leviathan, (1651) Book 1, ch. 6, Of Human Nature (1650), Ch. 9, sect. 10 and 17
"The Natural Desire Towards Public Good," from Sermons 1 of Fifteen Sermons (1726)
"Psychological Egoism" (1965)
Reason vs. Emotion
"Moral Relations," from Discourse (1706)
"Moral Distinctions not Derived from Reason," from A Treatise of Human Nature, and An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1740, 1751) [A]
"The Best Thing to Do," from The Moral Point of View (1958)
Emotivism and Prescriptivism
"Emotivism," from Language, Truth, and Logic (1936)
"Emotivism and Descriptive Meanings of Ethical Terms" from Ethics and Language (1944)
"Prescriptive and Descriptive Meaning of Ethical Terms," from The Concise Encyclopedia of Western Philosophy and Philosophers (1960)
Normative Ethics
Virtue Theory
"Moral Virtues" from Nicomachean Ethics Bk. 2 (4th cn. BCE)
"The Misfortunes of Virtue" (1990)
"Virtue Theory" (1991)
"On Some Vices of Virtue Ethics" (1984)
Social Contract Theory
"The Nature and Origin of Justice," from The Republic (4th cn. BCE)
"The State of Nature and Laws of Nature," from Leviathan, Chapters 13-15 (1651) [A]
"Hobbes's Social Contract Theory" [N]
from A Theory of Justice (1971)
"Rawls's Theory," from Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974)
Moral Rights
"Natural Rights," from Second Treatise of Government (1690)
"The Division of Rights," from The Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy (1785)
"Universal Declaration of Human Rights" (1948)
"The Nature and Value of Rights" (1979)
Moral Duties
"Duties to God, Self, and Others" from The Duty of Man and Citizen (1673) [A]
from The Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Chapter 2 (1785)
"Kant's Categorical Imperative" [N]
from The Right and the Good (1930) W.D. Ross
"Ross's Intuitionist Theory of Duty" [N]
Hedonism and Utilitarianism
"Letter to Menoeceus" (3rd cn. BCE.)
"Happiness and Pleasrue," from Utopia (1516)
"Computing the Greatest Happiness," from Inquiry Concerning Moral Good and Evil (1725)
"The Principle of Utility," from Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789)
from Utilitarianism (1863) [A]
"Morality and Consequences" [R]
"A Critical Look at Consequentialism" [N]
Feminist Ethics
"Women and Morality" from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
"Ethics from the Stand Point of Women" (1990)
"Is There a Female Morality?" [N]
Applied Ethics
Suicide
"Against Suicide," from City of God (c. 413 CE)
"Whether It Is Lawful to Kill Oneself" from Summa Theologica (c.1270)
"Of Suicide" (1783)
"Suicide" from Lectures on Ethics (c.1780)
Euthanasia
"Hippocratic Oath" (c. 400 BCE)
"Voluntary Death," from Utopia (1516)
"Active and Passive Euthanasia" (1975)
"Active and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction?" (1977)
"More Impertinent Distinctions and a Defense of Active Euthanasia" (1978)
Abortion
"Fetuses and the Human Soul," from Summa Theologica (c.1270)
"An Argument that Abortion is Wrong" (1996)
"A Defense of Abortion" (1971) Judith Jarvis Thomson
Capital Punishment
"The Death Penalty" in On Crimes and Punishments (1764)
"Speech in Favor of Capital Punishment" (1868)
from The Case Against the Death Penalty (1997)
"The Ultimate Punishment" (1986)
Animal Ethics
"Killing Plants and Animals" from City of God (c. 413 CE)
"Whether it is Unlawful to Kill any Living Thing," from Summa Theologica (c.1270)
"The Automatism of Animals "from Letter to Henry More (c.1648)
"Duties towards Animals" from Lectures on Ethics (c.1780)
"The Case for Animal Rights" (1985)
"Do Animals have Rights?" (1991)
Environmental Ethics
"Against the View that God Dwells in Plant Life," from Of the Morals of the Manacheans (388 CE)
"Primeval Nature" from Maine Woods (1864)
"The Land Ethic," from A Sand County Almanac (1949)
"An Argument Against Normative Ecocentrism" [R]
Suggestions for Further Reading
Notes
Acknowledgements

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