Experimental Psychology

ISBN-10: 0534560083

ISBN-13: 9780534560089

Edition: 5th 2002

List price: $131.95
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Description: Focusing on experimental methods, authors Anne Myers and Christine Hansen lead students step-by-step through the entire research process, from generating testable hypotheses to writing the research report. The major sections of the book parallel the major sections of the research report (Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion), giving students the skills they'll need to design and conduct an experiment, analyze and interpret the research findings, and report those findings. Although the main focus is on experimentation, alternative approaches are discussed as important complements.

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Book details

List price: $131.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 7/12/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 592
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 3.344
Language: English

Anne Myers received her Ph.D. from the New School for Social Research.

Christine Hansen is currently Associate Professor of Psychology at Oakland University. She received her Ph.D. from Michigan State University. Her professional affiliations include the American Psychological Society, Midwestern Psychological Association, Golden Key National Honor Society, Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society, Sigma XI National Scientific Research Honor Society, and Society for Experimental Social Psychology. Her varied research interests--which have been funded by the NSF and NIH--include behavioral and personality effects of popular music, contemporary media, emotive information processing, and bioinformatics.

Introductionp. 1
Experimental Psychology and the Scientific Methodp. 2
The Need for Scientific Methodologyp. 4
The Characteristics of Modern Sciencep. 9
The Tools of Psychological Sciencep. 15
Scientific Explanation in Psychological Sciencep. 19
The Organization of the Textp. 22
Summaryp. 23
Key Termsp. 24
Review and Study Questionsp. 25
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 26
Online Resourcesp. 26
Research Ethicsp. 27
Research Ethicsp. 28
The American Psychological Association Guidelinesp. 31
Protecting the Welfare of Animal Subjectsp. 38
Fraud in Sciencep. 46
Plagiarismp. 48
Summaryp. 49
Key Termsp. 50
Review and Study Questionsp. 51
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 52
Online Resourcesp. 52
Alternatives to Experimentation: Nonexperimental Designsp. 53
Describing Research Activitiesp. 55
Nonexperimental Approachesp. 56
Samplingp. 75
Summaryp. 82
Key Termsp. 83
Review and Study Questionsp. 85
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 86
Online Resourcesp. 86
Alternatives to Experimentation: Correlational and Quasi-Experimental Designsp. 87
Correlational Designsp. 90
Quasi-Experimental Designsp. 102
Summaryp. 113
Key Termsp. 114
Review and Study Questionsp. 115
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 116
Online Resourcesp. 116
Formulating the Hypothesisp. 117
The Characteristics of an Experimental Hypothesisp. 119
The Inductive Modelp. 123
The Deductive Modelp. 124
Combining Induction and Deductionp. 125
Building on Prior Researchp. 126
Serendipity and the Windfall Hypothesisp. 127
Intuitionp. 128
When All Else Failsp. 131
Searching the Research Literaturep. 132
Summaryp. 136
Key Termsp. 137
Review and Study Questionsp. 137
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 138
Online Resourcesp. 139
Methodp. 141
The Basics of Experimentationp. 142
Independent and Dependent Variablesp. 144
Operational Definitionsp. 151
Evaluating Operational Definitionsp. 161
Evaluating the Experiment: Internal Validityp. 168
Planning the Method Sectionp. 178
Summaryp. 181
Key Termsp. 182
Review and Study Questionsp. 184
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 185
Online Resourcesp. 185
Solving Problems: Controlling Extraneous Variablesp. 186
Physical Variablesp. 187
Social Variablesp. 191
Personality Variablesp. 203
Context Variablesp. 206
Summaryp. 208
Key Termsp. 209
Review and Study Questionsp. 210
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 211
Online Resourcesp. 211
Basic Between-Subjects Designsp. 212
Selecting and Recruiting Subjectsp. 214
One Independent Variable: Two-Group Designsp. 217
Two Independent Groupsp. 218
Two Matched Groupsp. 229
Multiple Groupsp. 233
Summaryp. 239
Key Termsp. 241
Review and Study Questionsp. 242
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 243
Online Resourcesp. 243
Between-Subjects Factorial Designsp. 244
More Than One Independent Variablep. 245
Laying Out a Factorial Designp. 248
A Research Examplep. 253
Choosing a Between-Subjects Designp. 259
Summaryp. 264
Key Termsp. 265
Review and Study Questionsp. 265
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 266
Online Resourcesp. 266
Within-Subjects Designsp. 267
A Within-Subjects Experiment: Perceptual Bias for Forward Motionp. 270
Within-Subjects Factorial Designsp. 272
Mixed Designsp. 273
Advantages of Within-Subjects Designsp. 274
Disadvantages of Within-Subjects Designsp. 276
Controlling Within-Subjects Designsp. 278
How Can You Choose a Design?p. 291
Summaryp. 292
Key Termsp. 293
Review and Study Questionsp. 294
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 296
Online Resourcesp. 296
Within-Subjects Designs: Small Np. 297
Small N Designsp. 298
ABA Designsp. 303
Multiple-Baseline Designp. 309
Discrete Trials Designsp. 311
When to Use Large N and Small N Designsp. 312
Summaryp. 315
Key Termsp. 316
Review and Study Questionsp. 317
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 318
Online Resourcesp. 318
Results: Coping With Datap. 319
Why We Need Statisticsp. 320
Weighing the Evidencep. 322
Statistical Inference: An Overviewp. 323
Applying Statistical Inference: An Examplep. 330
The Odds of Finding Significancep. 339
Test Statisticsp. 344
Organizing and Summarizing Datap. 345
Summaryp. 354
Key Termsp. 355
Review and Study Questionsp. 357
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 358
Online Resourcesp. 358
Analyzing Results: Two Group Examplesp. 359
Which Test Do I Use?p. 360
The Chi Square Testp. 363
The t Testp. 368
Summaryp. 382
Key Termsp. 383
Review and Study Questionsp. 383
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 386
Online Resourcesp. 386
Analyzing Results: Multiple-Groups and Factorial Experimentsp. 387
Analysis of Variancep. 388
Sources of Variabilityp. 389
A One-Way Between-Subjects Analysis of Variancep. 392
One-Way Repeated Measures Analysis of Variancep. 405
Analyzing Data from a Between-Subjects Factorial Experimentp. 405
A Two-Way Analysis of Variancep. 408
Repeated Measures and Mixed Factorial Designsp. 419
Summaryp. 421
Key Termsp. 422
Review and Study Questionsp. 423
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 426
Online Resourcesp. 426
Discussionp. 427
Drawing Conclusions: The Search for the Elusive Bottom Linep. 428
Evaluating the Experiment from the Inside: Internal Validityp. 430
Taking a Broader Perspective: The Problem of External Validityp. 435
Handling a Nonsignificant Outcomep. 445
Summaryp. 449
Key Termsp. 450
Review and Study Questionsp. 450
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 452
Online Resourcesp. 452
Writing the Research Reportp. 453
The Written Report: Purpose and Formatp. 454
Major Sectionsp. 456
Looking at a Journal Articlep. 464
Preparing Your Manuscript: Procedural Detailsp. 478
Making Revisionsp. 481
Summaryp. 484
Key Termsp. 484
Review and Study Questionsp. 485
Critical Thinking Exercisep. 486
Online Resourcesp. 487
Appendices
Computational Formulasp. 489
Statistical Tablesp. 495
A Journal Article in Manuscript Formp. 505
Glossaryp. 531
Referencesp. 545
Indexp. 555
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.
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