Readings in Christianity

ISBN-10: 0534546625
ISBN-13: 9780534546625
Edition: 2nd 2001 (Revised)
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Description: This book is designed to lead students into the world of Christianity by way of primary literary sources. It contains the most notable and instructive primary sources from the entire sweep of Christian history.

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Book details

List price: $162.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 10/31/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

This book is designed to lead students into the world of Christianity by way of primary literary sources. It contains the most notable and instructive primary sources from the entire sweep of Christian history.

Dr. Robert E. Van Voorst, Professor of New Testament Studies at Western Theological Seminary in Holland, Michigan, and former professor of religion at Lycoming College in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, has written frequently on religious studies in noted journals and reference works. In addition, he has authored numerous books, including six with Cengage Learning: RELG: WORLD, 2nd Edition; READINGS IN CHRISTIANITY, 3rd Edition; ANTHOLOGY OF WORLD SCRIPTURES, 8th Edition; ANTHOLOGY OF WORLD SCRIPTURES: EASTERN RELIGIONS; ANTHOLOGY OF WORLD SCRIPTURES: WESTERN RELIGIONS; and READING THE NEW TESTAMENT TODAY, now also in a Chinese version. Other books by Van Voorst include BUILDING YOUR NEW TESTAMENT GREEK VOCABULARY, 3rd Edition; THE ASCENTS OF JAMES, a recovery and commentary on a second-century Jewish-Christian document; and JESUS OUTSIDE THE NEW TESTAMENT, an examination of traditions about Jesus from ancient classical and Jewish documents, now also in Italian.

Preface
Acknowledgments
The Study of Christianity Through Primary Sources
The Study of Christianity
The Nature and Variety of the Readings
Primary Sources of Christianity and the World Wide Web
The Plan of This Book
Suggestions for Reading Profitably
Glossary
Questions for Study and Discussion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Biblical Foundations
Introduction
Names
Historical Sketch
Literary Genres of the Primary Sources
Uses
Events
The Call of Abraham (Genesis 12:1-7)
Deliverance from Egypt (Exodus 14:5-8, 10-11, 13-26, 28, 31)
Ezra's Enforcement of Law Observance (Ezra 9:1-6; 10:3-12)
The Birth of Jesus the Messiah (Matthew 1:18-25)
Jesus' Miracles (Luke 8:26-56)
The Arrest, Trial and Death of Jesus (Mark 14:43-50, 53-65; 15:1-41)
The Resurrection of Jesus (Mark 16:1-8)
The Coming of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:1-21)
Persecution of the Apostles (Acts 5:27-35, 38-42)
Two Views of the Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15:1-21, Galatians 2:1-10)
Institution
The Twelve Apostles and Their Mission (Matthew 10:1-15)
Peter as the Rock (Matthew 16:13-20)
Early and Late Pauline Teaching on Church Leadership (Romans 16:1-7; I Timothy 3:1-13)
The Eucharist (Matthew 26:17-19, 26-29; John 6:35-51)
Baptism (Matthew 28:16-20; Romans 6:1-11)
Women in the Church (Luke 10:38-42; I Corinthians 11:2-16; Galatians 3:27-28; I Timothy 2:8-15)
Teaching
Creation and Revolt (Genesis 1:26-2:9; 2:15-3:24)
The Oneness of God (Deuteronomy 6:4-9)
The Parables of Jesus (Mark 4:1-34; Luke 10:29-37)
The Word Became Human (John 1:1-18)
Attack on Gnosis (I John 4:1-6)
Results of Justification (Romans 5:1-11)
The End of Time (Matthew 25:31-46; Revelation 20:1-21:4)
Ethics
The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-19)
The Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7)
Love (I Corinthians 13:1-13)
Ethics in the Christian Household (Ephesians 5:21-6:9)
Relations
Christians and Gentile Life (Romans 1:18-32; I Corinthians 8; Acts 17:22-28)
Paul on Judaism (Romans 2:17-3:4)
Two Attitudes toward Government (Romans 13:1-10; Revelation 17:1-8; 18:1-5)
Additional Bible Readings
Glossary
Questions for Study and Discussion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Ancient Christianity (100-500)
Introduction
Names
Historical Sketch
Literary Genres of the Primary Sources
Events
The Martyrdom of Peter and Paul Recollected (Clement, First Epistle to the Corinthians 5)
Roman Investigation of Christians (Pliny, Letters 10.96, 97)
Martyrdom of a Young Christian Woman (Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas, Preface, 1.1-2, 2.2, 6.1-4)
The Great Persecutions (Lactantius, The Deaths of the Persecutors 11-13)
The Victory and Conversion of Constantine (Eusebius, Life of Constantine)
The Edict of Toleration (Lactantius, The Death of the Persecutors 48)
Theodosius' Prohibition of Worship of the Roman Gods (Theodosian Code 16:10, 12)
Institution
Papal Primacy Derived from Petrine Primacy (Pope Leo I, Sermons 4.2-4)
The Scripture Canon in Formation (Irenaeus, Against Heresies 1.27.2; Muratorian Canon)
Offices of the Church in the Second Century (Polycarp, Letter to the Philippians 4.2-6.3)
The Deaconess (Teaching of the Apostles 3.15-17)
An Ancient Christian Service (Justin, Apology 65-66)
Baptism in the Second and Third Centuries (The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles [Didache] 7; Hippolytus, Apostolic Tradition 3.21.1-3.22.6)
The Eucharist (Hippolytus, Apostolic Tradition 43)
A Pilgrim Nun Worships in Eastern-Rite Jerusalem (Egeria and Her Travels 24-25)
The Beginnings of Monasticism (Athanasius, Life of Saint Anthony 2, 5, 9, 14, 47)
The Earliest Surviving Hymn (Oxyrhynchus Papyri 15.1786)
Teaching 85
The Rule of Faith (Tertullian, Prescription against Heretics 13)
Gnostic Christianity and Orthodox Christianity in Conflict (Gospel of Truth 34-41; Irenaeus, Against Heresies, Preface 1.1-2, 7.1-5)
Women and Gnosticism (Gospel of Mary 7.8-18)
The Threefold Interpretation of Scripture Explained and Illustrated (Origen, On First Principles 4.2.4-4.3.5; Homily on Luke 2)
The Ecumenical Creeds (Apostles', Original Nicene, Niceno-Constantinopolitan, Chalcedonian)
The Arian Controversy (Letter of Arius to Eusebius of Nicomedia; Letter of Constantine to the Orthodox Churches of Alexandria, Egypt; Athanasius, Against the Arians 3.4)
Pelagius and Augustine on Free Will, Human Responsibility, and Divine Election (Pelagius, Letter to Demetrias; Augustine, Admonition and Grace 1.2, 2.3-4, 7.13, 17; The Decrees of the Council of Carthage)
Popular Christian Beliefs on Death and Eternal Life (Roman Catacomb Inscriptions)
Ethics
The Two Ways (Didache 1, 5-6)
Christian Morality in Diverse Cultures (Epistle to Diognetus 5)
Two Views of War (Tertullian, On the Crown 11; Augustine, The City of God 19.7)
Augustine's Conversion (Confessions 8.12.28-30)
Relations
Opposing Attitudes toward Greek Philosophy (Clement of Alexandria, Stromata 1; Tertullian, Prescription against the Heretics 7)
Popular Opposition to Christians (The Alexamenos Graffito)
Christianity and Judaism (Justin, Dialogue with Trypho 68; John Chrysostom, Sermons against Judaizing Christians 8.5)
Conflict between Christian Emperor and Church (Ambrose, Letters 20.19, 22-28)
Christianity and the Fall of Rome (Augustine, City of God 2.2-3)
Augustine on the Suppression of Heresy (Letters 23.7, 93.16-17, 185.11-24)
Glossary
Questions for Study and Discussion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Christianity in Byzantine, Medieval, and Renaissance Times (500-1500)
Introduction
Names
Historical Sketch
Literary Genres of the Primary Sources
Events
Benedict's Life and Miracles (Pope Gregory I, Dialogues on the Lives and Miracles of the Italian Fathers 2, Preface)
Two Early Missions (Bede, Ecclesiastical History of England, 1.23, 25; John of Monte Corvino, Letter from China)
Pope Urban II Calls for a Crusade, and a Noble Dissent (Acts of God through Francis 1.382-384; Roger Niger, On a Military Matter)
East and West Formally Separate (Humbert of Silva Candida, Letter Excommunicating Michael Cerularius; Michael Cerularius, Decree of Excommunication)
Popular Religious Responses to the Great Plague (Jean le Bel, True Chronicles, for the years 1347-48)
Women and Witchcraft (Heinrich Kraemer and Jacob Sprenger, Hammer against Witches)
Historical Criticism Begins in the Italian Renaissance (Lorenzo Valla, Theological Calumnies)
Institution
The Organization of Monastic Communities (The Benedictine Rule 22, 33, 38, 58)
The Iconoclastic Controversy (John of Damascus, On Holy Images 4.16; Decree of the Council of 754; Decree of the Seventh Ecumenical Council [787])
Mandatory Celibacy of the Roman Catholic Clergy (Body of Canon Law 81.15)
Devotion to the Virgin Mary (Caesar of Heisterbach, Dialogues on Miracles 7.34; Akathistos Hymn; Hail Mary and Angelus Prayers)
The Jesus Prayer (Symeon the New Theologian, Method of Holy Prayer and Attention)
The Late Medieval View of Death ("Day of Wrath" Hymn)
Teaching
The First Eucharistic Debate (Paschasius Radbertus, Christ's Body and Blood 1, 3, 4; Ratramnus, Christ's Body and Blood 5-11, 49)
Scholastic Argument on Proving the Existence of God (Anselm, Preface 2-3; Gaunilo, Response to Anselm; Aquinas, Summa theologiae 1a, Q. 2)
The Relationship of Faith and Reason (Aquinas, Summa theologiae 1a. 1.1)
Theories of the Atonement (Anselm, Why God Became Human 1.25; Abelard, Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans 3)
Mystical Views of Christ (Hildegard of Bingen, Visions 2; Catherine of Siena, Dialogue 26-28; Julian of Norwich, Revelations of Divine Love 58)
The High Point of Renaissance Humanism (Pico della Mirandola, "Oration on the Dignity of Man")
Ethics
A Christian Mother's Instructions to Her Son (Dhuoda, Manual of William)
Christians and the Natural World (Francis of Assisi, "The Song of Brother Sun")
Complaints about University Students (Alvarus Pelagius, The Church's Complaint)
The Discipline of the Inner Life (Thomas a Kempis, The Imitation of Christ 2.1)
Relations
Byzantine Views of Church and Empire (Justinian, The New Laws, Title 6: Sixth New Constitution, Preface of the First Collection)
A Christian Elf Charm (The Cotton Caligula Manuscript)
Christianity and Islam in Conflict (Quran 2: 105-115; Aquinas, Summa against the Pagans 1.2.3, 1.6.4)
The Peace of God and the Truce of God (Declaration of the Synod of Charroux; Declaration of Drogo, Bishop of Terouanne)
The Investiture Controversy (Henry IV, Letter to Pope Gregory VII; Pope Gregory VII, Letter to Henry)
Glossary
Questions for Study and Discussion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Reform in Western Christianity (1500-1600)
Introduction
Names
Historical Sketch
Literary Genres of the Primary Sources
Events
A Critique of the Church's Ills (Erasmus, The Praise of Folly)
Sermon for the Sale of Indulgences (Tetzel, Specimen Sermon 2)
Luther's Protest against Indulgences (Martin Luther, Ninety-Five Theses)
Luther Defies Charges of Heresy (Martin Luther, Speech before the Diet at Worms)
The Peasants' Revolt (Thomas Muntzer, Vindication and Refutation; Twelve Articles of the Peasants; Martin Luther, Against the Murdering and Pillaging Peasants)
The Trial and Death of Michael Sattler (T. van Braght, Martyr's Mirror)
The King of England Becomes Head of the Anglican Church (English Parliament, Supremacy Act)
The Execution of Michael Servetus Contested (David Joris, Letter to Servetus's Judges; Court of Geneva, Verdict and Sentence for Michael Servetus)
Elizabeth I Enforces the "Middle Way" (English Parliament, Act against Puritans)
Religious Liberty in France (Henry IV, Edict of Nantes; Louis XIV, Revocation of the Edict of Nantes)
Jesuit Missions in Asia (Francis Xavier, Letter to the Society at Rome)
Institution
Luther Reforms the Mass (Martin Luther, The German Mass and Order of Divine Service, 3)
Protestant Hymns (Martin Luther, "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God"; John Calvin, "I Greet Three, Who My Sure Redeemer Art")
Reestablishment of the Roman Inquisition (Pope Paul III, It Is Allowed from the Beginning [Licet ab initio], Introduction, 1-3, 13)
Establishment and Rules of the Jesuit Order (Pope Paul III, Rules of the Church Militant [Regimini militantes ecclesiae] 1-16)
Jesuit Rules for Thinking with the Church (Ignatius Loyola, Spiritual Exercises)
The Council of Trent Reforms the Mass (Canon of the Order for Low Mass)
Teaching
Breaking Down the Barriers to Reform (Martin Luther, An Appeal to the Ruling Class)
Conflict over Justification (Martin Luther, Lectures on Romans; Council of Trent, Decree on Justification)
A Summary of Zwinglian Belief (The Ten Berne Theses)
The First Anabaptist Confession (The Schleitheim Confession)
The Voices of Protestant Women (Argula von Grumbach, Letter to the University of Ingolstadt; Lady Jane Grey, A Certain Communication)
Calvin on Predestination (John Calvin, Institutes 3.21.1-2, 7)
The Creed of Trent (Profession of Tridentine Faith)
Catholic Reform Mysticism (Teresa of Avila, The Interior Castle 1, 5, 7-9, 15)
Ethics
Christian Freedom (Martin Luther, Treatise on Christian Liberty)
Luther and Calvin on the Role of Women in the Church (Martin Luther, The Misuse of the Mass; John Calvin, Institutes 4.10.28-31)
Calvin on the Calling of All Christians (John Calvin, Institutes 3.10)
Relations
An Early Appeal for Religious Toleration (Balthasar Hubmaier, On Heretics and Those Who Burn Them)
Ignatius on Combating Protestants (Ignatius, Letter of August 13, 1554)
Truce between Protestant and Catholic States (The Peace of Augsburg)
The Heidelberg Catechism on the Roman Mass (Heidelberg Catechism Q. 1, 80)
Reformed and Anglican Views of the Relation of Church and State (John Calvin, Institutes 4.20.1-3, 31-32; Richard Hooker, Laws of Ecclesiastical Policy)
Glossary
Questions for Study and Discussion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Early Modern Christianity (1600-1900)
Introduction
Names
Historical Sketch
Literary Genres of the Primary Sources
Events
The Rise of Puritanism (William Law, A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life)
Reaction to Witchcraft Trials (Cotton Mather, Tests for Witches)
The Religious Experience of Jonathan Edwards (Jonathan Edwards, Personal Narrative)
The Origins of Pietism (Philip Spener, Pious Considerations)
The Conversion of John Wesley (John Wesley's Journal, May 24, 1738)
The Birth of Quakerism (George Fox, Journal)
The Beginnings of the Protestant Missionary Movement (William Carey, An Inquiry into the Obligation of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathen)
The Founding of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (Richard Allen, Life Experience and Gospel Labors of the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen)
The Birth of Mormon Christianity (Joseph Smith)
Phoebe Palmer and the Beginnings of the Holiness Movement (Phoebe Palmer, Entire Devotion to God, Introduction)
Institution
Rules for the Methodist Societies (Doctrines and Disciplines of the Methodist Church)
Hymns of Pietism and Rationalism (Charles Wesley, "Come, Sinners, to the Gospel Feast"; John Newton, "Amazing Grace"; Joseph Addison, "The Spacious Firmament on High")
Papal Infallibility Decreed (Dogmatic Decree of the Vatican Council)
Russian Orthodoxy in America ("Description of Orthodoxy in America")
Teaching
Two Samples of Missionary Preaching (Francisco Davila, "The Good Shepherd"; Jonathan Edwards, "Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God")
The Immaculate Conception of Mary (Pius IX, Ineffabilis Deus)
The High-Water Mark of Protestant Liberalism (Friedrich Schleiermacher, On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers; Adolf von Harnack, What Is Christianity?)
Attack on Dead Orthodoxy (Soren Kierkegaard, Attack upon "Christendom")
The Oxford Movement and Doctrinal Development (John Henry Newman, An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine)
Ethics
The Struggle over Slavery (Bishop John England, On the Subject of Domestic Slavery; Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself)
The Birth of the Feminist Movement (Sara Grimke, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Woman; Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Introduction to The Woman's Bible)
Roman Catholicism on Social Change (Pope Leo XIII, Rerum novarum)
Relations
William Penn and Liberty of Conscience ("A Persuasive to Moderation to[ward] Church Dissenters")
Christianity Encounters Enlightenment Reason (John Locke, The Reasonableness of Christianity; Matthew Tindal, Christianity as Old as Creation)
John Rolfe Explains His Marriage to Pocahantas (John Rolfe, Letter to the Virginia Company)
American Protestant Anti-Catholicism (Maria Monk, Awful Disclosures)
The Roman Catholic Church Confronts Secular Thought (Pope Pius IX, Syllabus of Errors)
The Debate over Evolution (Charles Hodge, What Is Darwinism?; Lyman Abbott, Reminiscences)
Glossary
Questions for Study and Discussion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Christianity in Modern Times (1900-Present)
Introduction
Names
Historical Sketch
Literary Genres of the Primary Sources
Events
The Height of Protestant Missions (Robert E. Speer, The New Opportunity of the Church)
The Birth of Pentecostalism (History and Formative Years of the Church of God in Christ 1)
Resistance to the Nazi Regime (The Barmen Declaration)
Christians Struggle for Civil Rights (Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail)
The Beginnings of Women's Liberation in Christianity (Mary Daly, "The Women's Movement: An Exodus Community")
The Aftermath of Apartheid in South Africa (H. Jurgen Hendriks, "The Religious Landscape in Post-Apartheid South Africa")
Institution
The World Council of Churches (Constitution of the World Council of Churches)
A Second Vatican Council Sampler (Declaration on Religious Liberty 2; Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions 1-3; Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World)
The Question of Women Priests in the Roman Catholic Church (Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, "Declaration on the Question of the Admission of Women to the Ministerial Priesthood")
Hymns of the Twentieth Century (Henry E. Fosdick, "God of Grace and God of Glory"; J. A. Olivar and M. Manzano, "When the Poor Ones" [Cuando el pobre]")
Christian Experience in Base Communities (Adela Jimenez, "The Word of God is Teaching Us How to Speak")
Teaching
The Rise of Biblical Criticism (Albert Schweitzer, The Quest for the Historical Jesus)
The Visions of Fundamentalism and Modernism (J. Gresham Machen, "What Fundamentalism Stands for Now"; Shailer Matthews, The Faith of Modernism)
The Heart of Neo-Orthodox Theology (Karl Barth, Church Dogmatics 1.1)
Faith as Ultimate Concern (Paul Tillich, Systematic Theology)
"Religionless Christianity" (Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Letters and Papers from Prison)
Rethinking the Relationship between God and the World (Sallie McFague, The World as God's Body)
A Protestant Creed from the Third World (Huria Kristen Batak Protestant, Confession of Faith)
Eastern Orthodoxy as Expressed in Its Eucharist (Alexander Schmemann, The World as Sacrament)
The Theology of Liberation (Gustavo Gutierrez, A Theology of Liberation)
Ethics
The Social Gospel (Walter Rauschenbusch, Christianity and the Social Crisis)
"Cheap Grace" and the Christian Life (Dietrich Bonhoeffer, The Cost of Discipleship)
Catholic Controversy over Artificial Contraception (Pope Paul VI, On Human Life [Humanae vitae]; Theologians of the Catholic University of America, Response to Humanae vitae)
Christianity and the Natural Environment (Lynn White, "The Historical Roots of our Ecological Crisis")
The Debate over Homosexuality (James Nelson, Body Theology; Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons)
Some Ethical Issues Surrounding Genetic Engineering ("Joint Appeal Against Human and Animal Patenting")
Relations
Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism Move Closer (Pope John Paul II and Patriarch Demetrios I, Joint Statement)
The Search for Unity among Diverse Orthodox Americans (Message to All Orthodox Christians in America)
The Debate over Christianity and Religious Pluralism (John Hick, God Has Many Names; Clark H. Pinnock, A Wideness in God's Mercy)
Martyrdom in Guatemala (Human Rights Office of the Archdiocese of Guatemala, Guatemala: Never Again!)
A Dissent on Contemporary Ecumenism (Randall Balmer, "United We Fall")
Lutheran-Catholic Agreement on Justification (The Vatican and the Lutheran World Federation, "Joint Declaration on Justification")
A Look into Christianity's Possible Future
(Joel Carpenter, "Christianity in the New Millennium")
Glossary
Questions for Study and Discussion
Suggestions for Further Reading
Index

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