Community-Based Corrections

ISBN-10: 0534516734
ISBN-13: 9780534516734
Edition: 4th 2001 (Revised)
List price: $240.95 Buy it from $7.10
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Description: This text, known for its balanced and in-depth coverage, focuses on all forms of community-based correctional facilities from traditional probation programs to more current programs such as electronic monitoring, house arrest, day-treatment,  More...

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Book details

List price: $240.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 12/11/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

This text, known for its balanced and in-depth coverage, focuses on all forms of community-based correctional facilities from traditional probation programs to more current programs such as electronic monitoring, house arrest, day-treatment, bootcamp and fines. The authors offer especially strong examples of programs throughout the country designed to control, monitor, and in some cases, rehabilitate offenders.

Preface
Introduction to Community-Based Corrections
Objectives of Community-Based Corrections
Community Protection
Proportionality
Rehabilitation and Reintegration
Restorative and Community Justice
Cost-Effectiveness
Objectives in Conflict
Development of Community-Based Corrections
"Broken Windows" Probation: The Next Step in Fighting Crime
The Emergence of Community-Based Corrections
The Reexamination of Community-Based Corrections
Contemporary Community-Based Corrections
Oklahoma Struggling with Truth-In-Sentencing Law
The Future of Community-Based Corrections
Perspectives on the Study of Community-Based Corrections
Systems Analysis
The Correctional Continuum
Correctional Case Management
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
The Community Corrections Continuum
Diversion, Pretrial Release, and Community Courts
The Concept of Diversion
Avoidance of Unnecessary Prosecution
The Concept of Pretrial Release
Avoidance of Unnecessary Jailing of Offenders
Avoidance of Bail and Commercial Bondsmen
Development of Contemporary Diversion and Pretrial Release Programs
Diversion Programs
Pretrial Release Programs
Objectives of Diversion and Pretrial Release Programs
Contemporary Diversion Programs
Programs for Drug-Abusing Offenders
The Drug Court Experience Compared with Traditional Adjudication
Drug Center Experiences
Dispute Resolution Programs
A Court-Referred Mediation Case Involving Juveniles
Contemporary Pretrial Release Programs
Program Models
Basic Services of Pretrial Release Programs
The Milwaukee Court Intervention Unit
Research on Pretrial Release Programs
Electronic Monitoring
Research on Drug Testing and Urine Monitoring
Pretrial Release Options Proposed
Alternatives to Diversion and Pretrial Release
Differentiated Case Processing
Community Courts
In New York City, a "Community Court" and a New Legal Culture
Manhattan's Midtown Community Court
Adjudication Partnerships
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Probation
Defining Probation
Objectives of Probation
Court Use of Probation
Historical Perspective
The English Tradition
Early U.S. Practices
John Augustus and the Beginnings of Probation
Trends and Issues in Probation
Administrative Issues
Types of Offenders Served by Probation Services
Probation Today
Federal Probation
Research on Probation
Outcome Measures
Defining Recidivism
ROBO-PO: The Life and Times of a Federal Probation Officer
Studies on Recidivism
Evaluations of Specific Treatment Strategies
The RAND Study
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Probation Supervision
Granting Probation
Sentencing Guidelines
Standardized Sentencing Instruments
Presentence Investigation Report
Probation Supervision
Supervisory Styles
Service Delivery Strategies
Caseload Management
Conditions of Probation
Revocation
Innovations in Probation
Probation Classification Systems
Domestic Violence
The Future of Probation
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Parole and Other Prison Release Programs
What Is Parole?
Molester Seeks Castration; Texas Agrees
Justice Objectives
Societal Objectives
Historical Development
Contemporary Parole
Administrative Structure
Essential Elements of Parole
Sentencing Flexibility
Changes in Parole Powers
Sentencing Models
The Truth About Polly Klaas
Qualified Parole Board
Qualified Parole Staff
Freedom from Influence
Effective Parole Administration
Proper Parole Procedures
The Iowa Parole Board
Promising Parole Strategies
The Future of Parole
Summary of Parole
Temporary Release Programs
Types of Contemporary Programs
Objectives
Problems and Issues
New Directions
Willie Horton and the 1988 Presidential Election
Summary of Temporary Release Programs
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Case Management and Supervision
Offender Supervision: Control and Public Safety Issues
Objectives of Intermediate Sanctions
Community Protection
Enhancement of the Correctional Continuum
Economic Objectives
Scaling Correctional Options and the Correctional Continuum
Intensive Supervision Programs
Program Development
ISP Goals
Georgia's Intensive Supervision Program
New Jersey's Intensive Supervision Program
Massachusetts's Intensive Supervision Program
Research on ISPs
The Experience of the BJA/NIJ Prison Diversion Programs
The Future of ISPs
Boot Camps
Definition
Program Objectives
Inmate Preferences for Incarceration over Intermediate Sanctions
Program Development
Boot Camps Today
Research on Boot Camps
Program Variation Within the NIJ Study: The Examples of Georgia and New York
The Future of Boot Camps
Home Confinement and Electronic Monitoring
Objectives
Program Development
Implementation Issues
Program Effectiveness
The Future
Day Reporting Centers
Objectives
Development of Day Reporting Centers
A Composite Day Reporting Center
Program Characteristics
Program Illustrations
Local Jurisdiction Boot Camp: Harris County (Houston), Texas
Future of Day Reporting Centers
Residential Programs
Objectives
Program Characteristics
Participant Characteristics
Summary
Prison Without Walls: A Typical Day Reporting Experience
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Economic Sanctions: Fines, Fees, Restitution, and Community Service
Fines
Impediments to the Use of Fines
Day Fines
How Day Fines Are Calculated
The Staten Island Experiment
The Milwaukee Municipal Court Experiment
Structured Fines Research
Fees and Surcharges
Revenue Generation
Fee Schedules
Debt Collection
Problems of Enforcement
New Jersey's Model Collection Process
The Privatization of Collection Activities
Restitution and Community Service
Contemporary Applications
Extent of Use
Historical Perspective
Contemporary Support for Growth in Restitution and Community Service
A Closer Look at Correctional Objectives
The Restitution and Community Service Process
Community Supervision and Residential Alternatives
Victim Compensation Programs
Costs and Benefits
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Community Residential Centers (Halfway Houses)
Agency-Operated or -Funded Halfway Houses
Objectives
Benefits to the Offender
Benefits to the Community
Benefits to the Justice System
Historical Perspective
Program Models
Montgomery County, Maryland, Prerelease Agreement
Program Illustrations
Program Planning and Operations
Target Population Selection
Location and Site Selection
Personnel and Training
Treatment Services
Resident Security and Community Protection
Problems and Issues in Halfway Houses
The Dilemma of Being Half-In and Half-Out
Freedom: Halfway House Style
The Mariana, Florida, Community Center
The Inmate Code in a Halfway House: A Source of Resistance to Constructive Reintegration
Halfway House/Community Relations
Program Evaluation
National Evaluation Program
NEP Recommendations
GAO Survey
Minnesota Evaluation
The Future of Halfway Houses
Management by Objectives
Management Information System
Mutual Agreement Programming
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Supervising Special Populations
Problems and Needs of Drug- and Alcohol-Abusing Offenders
Special Problems of Drug Abusers
Drug Abuse and Crime
Fact Sheet: Methamphetamine
Emerging Drugs
The Narcotics User: A Portrait in Diversity
Characteristics of Narcotics Addicts
The Addict Personality
Causes and Purposes of Drug Addiction
I Did Drugs Until They Wore Me Out, Then I Stopped
Postaddiction Syndrome
Treatment of Drug Abusers
Methadone Maintenance
Therapeutic Communities
Prison: A Self-Contained Treatment Community
Learning Life Skills Through Delancey Street
Community-Based Correctional Programs for Narcotics Addicts
Bureau of Justice Assistance Fact Sheet: Treatment Accountability for Safer Communities
Probation Work with Drug Offenders
Narcotics Addicts on Parole
Special Problems of Alcohol Abusers
Alcohol and Crime
Research on Arrested Persons
Studies of Prisoners
Effects of Alcohol
Heavy Drinking: Long-term Effects
The Alcoholic and the Problem Drinker
Causes of Alcoholism
The Stages of Alcoholism
Diagnosing the Problem
Treatment of Alcoholics and Problem Drinkers
Goals
Treatment Modalities
Community-Based Correctional Programs for Alcoholic Offenders
Alcoholics Anonymous: The Twelve Steps
The Effectiveness of Alcohol Treatment
Alcohol Consumption
Behavioral Impairment and Adjustment
Patient and Treatment Characteristics
Treatment Prerequisites and the Criminal Justice System
The Hazelden Rehabilitation Program, Center City, Minnesota
Summary
Goals of the 1995 National Drug Control Strategy
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Special Problem Offenders: Mentally Ill and Sex Offenders in Community Corrections
Mentally Ill Offenders
Prevalence of the Problem
History of the Problem
Special Problems
Mentally Ill Offenders Summary
Sex Offenders
Extent of the Problem
System Responses
Sexually Violent Predators Acts
Principal Features of Sex Offender Registration Laws
Sex Offenders Summary
Containing the Sex Offender in the Supervision Triangle
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Problems and Needs of Female Offenders
Special Problems of Female Offenders
Women and Crime
Women Doing Crime, Women Doing Time
The Female Offender and the Criminal Justice System
Social Roles and the Needs of the Female Offender
Services
Economic Assistance
Programs for Parents
Survival Training
Community-Based Correctional Programs
Major Issues in Programming
National Council on Crime and Delinquency Survey
Girl Scouts Beyond Bars: Florida's Programs
NCCD Program Illustrations
Program Effectiveness
Drug Treatment Programs
Intermediate Sanctions
Issues in the Treatment of Female Offenders
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Programs for Juveniles
Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice
Overview of the Juvenile Justice System
The Offenders
Processing Juvenile Offenders
A Closer Look at Intake
Community-Based Programs for Juveniles
Programs for Runaways
Juvenile Diversion Programs
Outreach Programs
Programs Targeting Minority Youth
Mentoring Men of Distinction
Mentoring Programs
Youth Service Bureaus
Youth Courts
Specialized Programs
Diversion and the Juvenile Justice System
Teens Face Jury of Their Peers
Community Alternatives to Secure Detention
Home Detention Programs
Detention Aftercare
Juvenile Probation Programs
Detention Aftercare in New York
Programs for Youths with School-Related Problems
Drug Treatment Programs
Restitution and Community Service Programs
Making a Difference
Day Treatment Programs
Wilderness Experience Programs
Specialized Programs
Marine Institute Graduates Celebrate Love, Life Skills
Community-Based Residential Programs for Juveniles
Foster Care
Group Homes
Independent Living Programs
Juvenile Aftercare
Research and Program Models for Serious Chronic Delinquents
Research on Urban Delinquency and Substance Abuse
The OJJDP Plan
Problems and Issues in Community-Based Correctional Programs for Youths
Treatment Versus Control
Deinstitutionalization of Juvenile Corrections
The Future of Community-Based Correctional Programs for Juveniles
Crime Control Moderated by a Continuing Concern for Rehabilitation
Continued Efforts to Develop Alternatives to Confinement
Summary
Key Words and Concepts
Questions for Discussion
For Further Reading
Notes
Index

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