Reason and Insight Western and Eastern Perspectives on the Pursuit of Moral Wisdom

ISBN-10: 0534505996

ISBN-13: 9780534505998

Edition: 2nd 2003 (Revised)

List price: $198.95 Buy it from $10.68 Rent it from $37.37
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Description: The aim of REASON AND INSIGHT is twofold: first, to provide a comprehensive, multicultural introduction to ethics that includes substantial selections from the main Western and Eastern philosophies and religious traditions, and second, to enable students to explore how these perspectives are applied to a range of contemporary moral problems. Beginning with an engaging, accessible introduction to fundamental metaethical issues, the text then delves into particular ethical theories from both the Western and Eastern traditions. Finally, the relevance of these more abstract concerns is made more concrete in the concluding section that presents current scholarship devoted to applying these theories to pressing moral concerns with which students will be familiar. With REASON AND INSIGHT, students are exposed, in a single text, to all of the most important Western and Eastern moral theories and thereby are encouraged to reexamine critically their own moral perspectives in light of many other historically and/or culturally remote standpoints.

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Book details

List price: $198.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 6/4/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 520
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.266
Language: English

Metaethical Issues
How Ethical Issues Arise: An Example
What Is Ethics?
Why Simply Obeying the Law Is Not Sufficient
Does Morality Depend on Religion?
Are Moral Standards "Relative"?
Is Ethics Possible, Given the Facts of Human Nature?
Freedom and Determinism
Psychological Egoism
Ethical Egoism
The Pursuit of Moral Wisdom
The Broader Context of Moral Wisdom
Western Ethical Perspectives
Greek Virtue Ethics
Introduction: Knowledge, Virtue, and Happiness
Profile
Socrates and Plato: The Reality of the Good, the Identity of Knowledge and Virtue
Aristotle: Virtue and Human Flourishing
Aristotle
The Good for Human Beings
Moral Virtue
Pleasure and Happiness
Christian Natural Law Ethics
Introduction: Faith and Reason in Medieval Philosophy
Profile
Augustine: Human Sinfulness and the Love of God
St. Thomas Aquinas: Reason, Happiness, and Divine Law
St. Thomas Aquinas
The Proper End for Human Beings
Human Happiness
On Divine and Natural Law
The Ethics of Duty
Introduction: Ethics in the European Enlightenment
Profile
David Hume: Reason, the Slave of the Passions
Immanuel Kant: Reason and Universal Ethical Principles
Immanuel Kant
The Good Will and Duty
The Categorical Imperative
The Autonomy of the Will
Utilitarianism
Introduction: Pleasure, Pain, and Utility
Profile
Jeremy Bentham: Quantifying Pleasure and Pain
John Stuart Mill: The Doctrine of Utility Defended
John Stuart Mill
Utilitarianism: General Remarks
What Utilitarianism Is
Of the Ultimate Sanction of the Principle of Utility
Of What Sort of Proof the Principle of Utility Is Susceptible
Eastern Ethical Perspectives
Confucianism
Introduction: Benevolence and Humanity
Confucius: The Ritualization of Life
Profile
Mencius: Cultivating the Ren-Mind
Confucius
Selections from the Analects
Selections from The Great Learning
Selections from The Doctrine of the Mean
Daoism (Taoism)
Introduction: Finding the Way
Lao Zi: Nature and the Harmony of Opposites
Dao
Yin-yang
Harmony of Opposites and Relativity
Reversal and Cyclicity
Nonaction
Profile
Zhuang Zi (Chuang Tzu): The Equality of Things
Lao Zi: Dao De Jing
Chuang Tzu: Basic Writings
Hinduism
Introduction: Spirituality, Freedom, and the Conduct of Life
The Sacred Scriptures of Hinduism: Wisdom through the Ages
Profile
Mahatma Gandhi: The Way of Nonviolence and Truth
From the Rg Veda: Creation, Eternal Law, and Right Conduct
From the Upanishads: The Nature of the Self and the Way to Brahman
From the Bhagavad Gita: Work, Nonattachment, and Wisdom
From the Mahabharata: The Conduct of Life
From the Laws of Manu: The Means of Attaining the Chief Good
Buddhism
Introduction: The Path to Enlightenment
The Buddha: Suffering and the Middle Way
The Middle Way
The Four Noble Truths
The Eightfold Path
Profile
Nagarjuna: Emptiness and the State of Perfect Wisdom
Buddha: Basic Doctrines
On Karma and Rebirth
The Path to Nirvana
Some Contemporary Moral Issues
Sexual Morality
Introduction: The Ethics of Sex
Roger Scruton, Sexual Morality
Roger Scruton: Sexual Morality
Alan H. Goldman, Plain Sex
Alan H. Goldman: Plain Sex
Chung M. Tse, Confucianism and Contemporary Ethical Issues
Chung M. Tse: Confucianism and Contemporary Ethical Issues
Geoffrey Parrinder, Chinese Yin and Yang
Geoffrey Parrinder: Chinese Yin and Yang
Abortion
Introduction: The Problem of Abortion
Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral
Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral
Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion
Ren Zong Qiu, Chun Zhi Wang, and Yuan Gu, Can Late Abortion Be Ethically Justified?
Ren Zong Qiu, Chun Zhi Wang, and Yuan Gu: Can Late Abortion Be Ethically Justified?
R. E. Florida, Buddhist Approaches to Abortion
R. E. Florida: Buddhist Approaches to Abortion
Suicide and Euthanasia
Introduction: Facing Death
John Hardwig, Is There a Duty to Die?
John Hardwig: Is There a Duty to Die?
Richard B. Brandt, The Morality and Rationality of Suicide
Richard B. Brandt: The Morality and Rationality of Suicide
Carl B. Becker, Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia
Carl B. Becker: Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia
Katherine K. Young, Traditional Hindu Views on Planned Self-Willed Death and Euthanasia
Katherine K. Young: Traditional Hindu Views on Planned Self-Willed Death and Euthanasia
Morality within the Family
Introduction: The Moral Obligations of Parents and Children
Jane English, What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents?
Jane English: What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents?
Christina Hoff Sommers, Filial Morality
Christina Hoff Sommers: Filial Morality
Chenyang Li, Grown Children's Filial Obligation
Chenyang Li: Grown Children's Filial Obligation
Brian K. Smith, Morality within the Family: The Hindu Tradition
Brian K. Smith: Morality within the Family: The Hindu Tradition
Technology
Introduction: The Ethical Challenge of Technology
Hans Jonas, Technology and Responsibility: Reflections on the New Task of Ethics
Hans Jonas: Technology and Responsibility: Reflections on the New Task of Ethics
Robert Snyder and Mary I. Bockover, The Internet East and West: A Moral Appraisal
Robert Snyder and Mary I. Bockover: The Internet East and West: A Moral Appraisal
James J. Walter, "Playing God" or Properly Exercising Human Responsibility? Some Theological Reflections on Human Germ-Line Therapy
James J. Walter: "Playing God" or Properly Exercising Human Responsibility? Some Theological Reflections on Human Germ-Line Therapy
Swasti Bhattacharyya, Reproductive Technology and Cloning through Hindu Perspectives
Swasti Bhattacharyya: Reproductive Technology and Cloning through Hindu Perspectives
Ethics in the Media
Introduction: Morality and the Media
A. David Gordon, Truth as an Unnecessary Ethical Standard in Advertising
A. David Gordon: Truth as an Unnecessary Ethical Standard in Advertising
Carol Reuss, The Need for Honesty in Advertising
Carol Reuss: The Need for Honesty in Advertising
Peter D. Hershock, Media, Attention, and the Colonization of Consciousness: A Buddhist Perspective
Peter D. Hershock: Media, Attention, and the Colonization of Consciousness: A Buddhist Perspective
Steven DeCaroli, Assuming Identities: Media, Security, and Personal Privacy
Steven DeCaroli: Assuming Identities: Media, Security, and Personal Privacy
Ethics in Business
Introduction: Money and Morality
Dennis P. McCann and Joanna Lam Kit Chun, Aristotelian Perspectives on Business Ethics
Dennis P. McCann and Joanna Lam Kit Chun: Aristotelian Perspectives on Business Ethics
Richard McCarty, Business and Benevolence
Richard McCarty: Business and Benevolence
Dennis P. McCann and Joanna Lam Kit Chun, Premodern Confucian Perspectives on Business Ethics
Dennis P. McCann and Joanna Lam Kit Chun: Premodern Confucian Perspectives on Business Ethics
Xiusheng Liu, Spirituality and Morality: An Indian Ethical View of Economics and Business
Xiusheng Liu: Spirituality and Morality: An Indian Ethical View of Economics and Business
The Environment
Introduction: The Value of Nature
Paul W. Taylor, The Ethics of Respect for Nature
Paul W. Taylor: The Ethics of Respect for Nature
William F. Baxter, A "Good" Environment: Just One of the Set of Human Objectives
William F. Baxter: A "Good" Environment: Just One of the Set of Human Objectives
Lily de Silva, The Buddhist Attitude Toward Nature
Lily De Silva: The Buddhist Attitude Toward Nature
Mary Evelyn Tucker, Ecological Themes in Taoism and Confucianism
Mary Evelyn Tucker: Ecological Themes in Taoism and Confucianism
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