Thermal Sciences An Introduction to Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, and Heat Transfer

ISBN-10: 0534385214

ISBN-13: 9780534385217

Edition: 2004

List price: $226.95
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Description: This book allows a school to use a common text for two key subjects: thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, with a short introduction to heat transfer. Taking a well-balanced approach, the authors clearly demonstrate the connections among the three interrelated subjects. Because of the consistent terminology and continuity, students will find it easier to learn the three subjects. Instructors will also find it easier to refer to material covered earlier (e.g. thermodynamic laws as applied in fluid mechanics and heat transfer). The book provides the appropriate amount of material for non-mechanical engineering students. Addressing various levels of difficulty, the authors provide a wealth of examples and exercises, including synthesis problems and design problems.

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Book details

List price: $226.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Course Technology
Publication date: 5/29/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 772
Size: 8.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.278
Language: English

Merle C. Potter holds a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering and an M.S. in Engineering Mechanics from Michigan Technological University, an M.S. in Aerospace Engineering and a PhD in Engineering Mechanics from the University of Michigan. Dr. Potter taught for 40 years, 33 of those years spent at Michigan State University, which he joined in 1965. He teaches thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and numerous other courses. He has authored and co-authored 35 textbooks, help books, and engineering exam review books. He has performed research in fluid flow stability and energy. Dr. Potter has received numerous awards, including the Ford Faculty Scholarship, Teacher-Scholar Award, ASME Centennial Award . and the MSU Mechanical Engineering Faculty Award. He is a member of Tau Beta Pi, Phi Eta Sigma, Phi Kappa Phi, Pi Tau Sigma, Sigma Xi, the ASEE, ASME, and American Academy of Mechanics.

Elaine P. Scott received her Ph.D. from Michigan State University and is a Professor at Virginia Tech. Her teaching responsibilities include Introduction to Thermal Fluids and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics. Dr. Scott's research projects include thermal waves in heterogeneous materials, development of noninvasive probe to measure blood perfusion, IPEM Synthesis Thermal Thrust, and microwave related research.

Introduction to Thermal Sciences
Thermodynamics
Concepts, Definitions, and Basic Principles
Introduction
Thermodynamic Systems and Control Volumes
Macroscopic Description
Properties and State of a System
Equilibrium, Processes, and Cycles
Units
Density, Specific Volume, and Specific Weight
Pressure
Temperature
Energy
Summary
Properties of Pure Substances
Introduction
The p-v-T Surface
The Liquid-Vapor Region
Properties of Steam
Steam Tables
TK Solver
Equations of State
Equations of State for a Nonideal Gas
Summary
Work and Heat
Introduction
Definition of Work
Quasi-equilibrium Work Due to a Moving Boundary
Nonequilibrium Work
Other Work Modes
Heat Transfer
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Summary
The First Law of Thermodynamics
Introduction
The First Law Applied to a Cycle
The First Law Applied to a Process
Enthalpy
Latent Heat
Specific Heats
The First Law Applied to Systems
General Formulation for Control Volumes
The First Law Applied to Control Volumes
Transient Flow
The First Law with Heat Transfer Applications
Summary
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Introduction
Heat Engines, Heat Pumps, and Refrigerators
Statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Reversibility
The Carnot Engine
Carnot Efficiency
Entropy
Entropy for an Ideal Gas with Constant Specific Heats
Entropy for an Ideal Gas with Variable Specific Heats
Entropy Change for Substances Such As Steam, Solids, and Liquids
The Inequality of Clausius
Entropy Change for an Irreversible Process
The Second Law Applied to a Control Volume
Summary
Power and Refrigeration Vapor Cycles
Introduction
The Rankine Cycle
A Possible Steam Carnot Cycle
Rankine Cycle Efficiency
The Reheat Cycle
The Regenerative Cycle
Effect of Losses on Power Cycle Efficiency
The Vapor-Refrigeration Cycle
The Heat Pump
Summary
Power and Refrigeration Gas Cycles
Introduction
The Air-Standard Cycle
The Carnot Cycle
The Otto Cycle
The Diesel Cycle
The Brayton Cycle
The Regenerative Brayton Cycle
The Combined Brayton-Rankine Cycle
The Gas-Refrigeration Cycle
Summary
Psychrometrics
Introduction
Gas-Vapor Mixtures
Adiabatic Saturation and Wet-Bulb Temperatures
The Psychrometric Chart
Air-Conditioning Processes
Summary
Combustion
Combustion Equations
Enthalpy of Formation, Enthalpy of Combustion, and the First Law
Adiabatic Flame Temperature
Summary
Fluid Mechanics
Basic Considerations
Introduction
Dimensions, Units, and Physical Quantities
Continuum View of Gases and Liquids
Pressure and Temperature Scales
Fluid Properties
Density and Specific Weight
Viscosity
Compressibility
Surface Tension
Vapor Pressure
Conservation Laws
Thermodynamic Properties and Relationships
Properties of an Ideal Gas
First Law of Thermodynamics
Other Thermodynamic Quantities
Summary
Fluid Statics
Introduction
Pressure at Point
Pressure Variation
Fluids at Rest
Pressures in Liquids at Rest
Pressures in the Atmosphere
Manometers
Forces on Plane Areas
Forces on Curved Surfaces
Buoyancy
Linearly Accelerating Containers
Rotating Containers
Summary
Introduction to Fluids in Motion
Introduction
Description of Fluid Motion
Lagrangian and Eulerian Disciplines of Motion
Pathlines, Streaklines, and Streamlines
Acceleration
Angular Velocity and Vorticity
Classification of Fluid Flows
One-, Two-, and Three-Dimensional Flows
Viscous and Inviscid Flows
Laminar and Turbulent Flows
Incompressible and Compressible Flows
The Bernoulli Equation
Summary
The Integral Forms of the Fundamental Laws
Introduction
The Three Basic Laws
System-to-Control-Volume Transformation
Simplifications of the System-to-Control-Volume Transformation
Conservation of Mass
Energy Equation
Work-Rate Term
General Energy Equation
Steady Uniform Flow
Steady Nonuniform Flow
Momentum Equation
General Momentum Equation
Steady Uniform Flow
Momentum Equation Applied to Deflectors
Steady Nonuniform Flow
Summary
Dimensional Analysis and Similitude
Introduction
Dimensional Analysis
Motivation
Review of Dimensions
Buckingham [pi]-Theorem
Common Dimensionless Parameters
Similitude
General Information
Confined Flows
Free-Surface Flows
High-Reynolds-Number Flows
Compressible Flows
Periodic Flows
Summary
Internal Flows
Introduction
Entrance Flow and Developed Flow
Laminar Flow in a Pipe
Laminar Flow between Parallel Plates
Laminar Flow between Rotating Cylinders
Turbulent Flow in a Pipe
Differential Equation
Velocity Profile
Losses in Developed Pipe Flow
Losses in Noncircular Conduits
Minor Losses in Pipe Flow
Hydraulic and Energy Grade Lines
Simple Pipe System with a Pump
Uniform Turbulent Flow in Open Channels
Summary
External Flows
Introduction
Separation
Flow around Immersed Bodies
Drag Coefficients
Vortex Shedding
Streamlining
Cavitation
Added Mass
Lift and Drag on Airfoils
Potential Flow Theory
Basic Flow Equations
Simple Solutions
Superposition
Boundary Layer Theory
General Background
Von Karman Integral Equation
Approximate Solution to the Laminar Boundary Layer
Turbulent Boundary Layer: Power-Law Form
Turbulent Boundary Layer: Empirical Form
Convection Heat Transfer
Pressure Gradient Effects
Summary
Compressible Flow
Introduction
Speed of Sound and the Mach Number
Isentropic Nozzle Flow
Normal Shock Wave
Shock Waves in Converging-Diverging Nozzles
Oblique Shock Waves
Isentropic Expansion Waves
Summary
Appendix
Units and Conversions
Material Properties
Thermodynamic Properties of Water (Steam Tables)
Thermodynamic Properties of Freon 12
Thermodynamic Properties of Ammonia
Ideal-Gas Tables
Psychrometric Charts
Compressibility Chart
Compressible-Flow Tables for Air
Properties of Areas and Volumes
Vector Relations
Answers to Selected Problems
Index
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