Environmental Ethics and Policy Book Philosophy, Ecology and Economics

ISBN-10: 0534210309

ISBN-13: 9780534210304

Edition: 1994

List price: $58.95
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Description:

This text is designed for students who wish to explore in depth questions about how on earth we ought to live e.g., how we can behave responsibly toward nonhumans and toward the planet). Although primarily oriented toward questions of ethics broadly understood, and approached philosophically, the volume crosses disciplinary boundaries and attends seriously to economic reasoning and its implications for environmental policy issues. It seeks to extract for critical attention the relevant moral or normative presuppositions which lie behind policy recommendations, whether they are ones made by biologists, ecologists, economists, phiolsophers, engineers, public officials, or anyone concerned with policy decisions.
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Book details

List price: $58.95
Copyright year: 1994
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/23/1993
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 649
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.442

Preface to the Third Editionp. xi
Introductionp. xvii
Prologue: World Scientists' Warning to Humanityp. xxvii
An Introduction to Ethical Theoryp. 1
Moral Argument and Ethical Theoryp. 1
Distinguishing Moral and Empirical Claimsp. 1
Justification, Explanation, Prediction, and Descriptionp. 5
Moral Argument: The Interplay of Moral and Empirical Claimsp. 7
Harm and Benefitp. 11
Evaluating Ethical Theoriesp. 14
Influential Ethical Ideas and Theoriesp. 16
From Ethical Egoism to Social Darwinismp. 16
The Divine Command Theoryp. 18
Rights Theoriesp. 20
Utilitarianismp. 24
Utilitarianism and Economic Theoryp. 27
Natural Law Theoryp. 30
The Influence of Kantp. 33
Environmental Justicep. 34
The Idea of a Unique Environmental Ethicp. 37
Western Religious and Cultural Perspectivesp. 43
Previewp. 43
The Hsitoric Roots of Our Ecologic Crisisp. 52
For God So Loved the Worldp. 58
Judaism and the Environmentp. 62
Stewardship versus Exploitationp. 66
The World as God's Bodyp. 71
Of God and Pelicansp. 89
Everyone Needs a Stone: Alternative Views of Naturep. 99
Traditional Ecological Knowledgep. 109
Why Bad Things Have Happened to Good Creaturesp. 111
The Other Animalsp. 114
Previewp. 114
Good Natured--The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animalsp. 122
Animal Liberationp. 135
The Case for Animal Rightsp. 143
Interspecific Justicep. 150
The Prospects for Consensus and Convergence in the Animal Rights Debatep. 163
The Little Things That Run the Worldp. 169
Sidelight: Parachuting Cats and Interconnectednessp. 172
Constructing an Environmental Ethicp. 174
The Broader, Biotic Communityp. 174
Previewp. 174
On Being Morally Considerablep. 183
Should Trees Have Standing?--Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objectsp. 189
The Ethics of Respect for Naturep. 201
The Land Ethicp. 215
The Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethicp. 224
Marine Environmental Ethicsp. 238
Integration or Reduction: Two Approaches to Environmental Valuesp. 240
Deep Ecology and Social Ecologyp. 259
Previewp. 259
Deep Ecologyp. 263
Self-Realization: An Ecological Approach to Being in the Worldp. 268
Will Ecology Become "The Dismal Science?"p. 273
Sidelight: Do What's Natural, You Say?p. 277
Ecofeminismp. 279
Previewp. 279
The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminismp. 282
Development, Ecology, and Womenp. 296
How Feminist Is Ecofeminism?p. 303
Economics, Ethics, and Ecologyp. 311
Letting the Market Decidep. 311
Previewp. 311
The Ethical Basis of the Economic View of the Environmentp. 318
At the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economicp. 327
Cost-Benefit Analysisp. 336
Previewp. 336
Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Ethical Critiquep. 341
Cost-Benefit Analysis Defendedp. 347
Sidelight: Cost-Benefit Analysis: Tool for All Seasons?p. 350
Earth in the Balance Sheetp. 352
From the Commons to Propertyp. 359
Previewp. 359
The Tragedy of the Commonsp. 364
The Tragedy of Enclosurep. 373
The Creation of Propertyp. 374
Property Rights in Natural Resourcesp. 377
Takings, Just Compensation, and the Environmentp. 378
Human Population and Pressure on "Resources"p. 389
Previewp. 389
An Essay on the Principle of Populationp. 397
Sidelight: If Earth Could Speakp. 401
Lifeboat Ethicsp. 402
Can the Supply of Natural Resources Really Be Infinite? Yes!p. 408
Population, Poverty and the Local Environmentp. 414
Future Generations and Sustainability Questionsp. 419
Previewp. 419
Future Generationsp. 428
Sidelight: The Nuclear Train to the Futurep. 436
Sustainability: An Economist's Perspectivep. 438
Sustainabilityp. 443
Environmental Problems and Policiesp. 451
Preserving Biodiversityp. 451
Previewp. 451
The Diversity of Lifep. 459
What Is a Species?p. 465
Why Do Species Matter?p. 469
Why Species Matterp. 476
Food and Agriculturep. 484
Previewp. 484
A Plant's-Eye View of the Worldp. 491
Patenting Lifep. 496
Brute-Force Genetic Engineeringp. 498
Genes in the Good!p. 502
Nature as the Measure for a Sustainable Agriculturep. 508
What's in the Meatp. 516
Wilderness and Forestsp. 519
Previewp. 519
Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critiquep. 521
Tropical Forests and Their Species: Going, Going ...?p. 529
The Mismanagement of the National Forestsp. 534
Forest Service Policyp. 543
Corporate Responsibilityp. 546
Previewp. 546
Environmental Racismp. 550
Consumption and the Environmentp. 555
Consumption as a Theme in the North-South Dialoguep. 556
The Chainsaws of Greed: The Case of Pacific Lumberp. 559
Why Shouldn't Corporations Be Socially Responsible?p. 571
"I Am No Greenpeacer, But ..." or Environmentalism, Risk Communication, and the Lower Middle Classp. 575
Sliding to Global Catastrophep. 587
Previewp. 587
Silent Springp. 595
The Case That the World Has Reached Limitsp. 598
The Climate-Change Debacle: The Perils of Politicizing Sciencep. 607
A Responsep. 615
Climate Change Sciencep. 620
Sidelight: Let's Transform the Militaryp. 622
Varieties of Activismp. 625
Previewp. 625
Strategic Monkeywrenchingp. 628
The Sea Shepherds: Bringing Justice to the High Seasp. 632
An Apologia for Activism: Global Responsibility, Ethical Advocacy, and Environmental Problemsp. 634
Involuntary Simplicity: Changing Dysfunctional Habits of Consumptionp. 643
Sidelight: A Resistance Movement of One's Ownp. 648
Learning and Research Toolsp. 650
Glossaryp. 650
Time Chartp. 656
Internet and Other Environmental Resourcesp. 657
Bibliographyp. 659
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.
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