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Chemical Oceanography and the Marine Carbon Cycle

ISBN-10: 0521833132
ISBN-13: 9780521833134
Edition: 2008
List price: $108.00 Buy it from $98.69
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Description: The principles of chemical oceanography provide insight into the processes regulating the marine carbon cycle. The text offers a background in chemical oceanography and a description of how chemical elements in seawater and ocean sediments are used  More...

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Book details

List price: $108.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 4/24/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 470
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.860
Language: English

The principles of chemical oceanography provide insight into the processes regulating the marine carbon cycle. The text offers a background in chemical oceanography and a description of how chemical elements in seawater and ocean sediments are used as tracers of physical, biological, chemical and geological processes in the ocean. The first seven chapters present basic topics of thermodynamics, isotope systematics and carbonate chemistry, and explain the influence of life on ocean chemistry and how it has evolved in the recent (glacial-interglacial) past. This is followed by topics essential to understanding the carbon cycle, including organic geochemistry, air-sea gas exchange, diffusion and reaction kinetics, the marine and atmosphere carbon cycle and diagenesis in marine sediments. Figures are available to download from www.cambridge.org/9780521833134. Ideal as a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduates in oceanography, environmental chemistry, geochemistry and earth science and a valuable reference for researchers in oceanography.

Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction to chemical oceanography
Oceanography background: dissolved chemicals, circulation and biology in the sea
A chemical perspective
Constituents of seawater
Ocean circulation
Ocean biology
Geochemical mass balance: dissolved chemical inflow and outflow from the ocean
Mass balance between input from land and authigenic mineral formation
Reverse weathering
Hydrothermal circulation
Summary and conclusions
An extremely brief review of rocks and minerals
The meaning of residence time
Thermodynamics background
The properties of water and ions
Ion-ion interactions and activity coefficients
Thermodynamic basics
Equilibrium constraints on chemical activities
Redox reaction basics
Carbonate Chemistry
Acids and bases in seawater
Carbonate equilibria: calculating the pH of seawater
Kinetics of CO[subscript 2] reactions in seawater
Processes that control the alkalinity and DIC of seawater
Carbonate system equilibrium equations in seawater
Equations for calculating the equilibrium constants of the carbonate and borate buffer system
Stable and radioactive isotopes
Stable isotopes
Radioactive isotopes
Relating K, [alpha], [delta], and [epsilon] in stable isotope terminology
Derivation of the Rayleigh distillation equation
Life processes in the ocean
A simple model of ocean circulation and biological processes
The euphotic zone
Biologically driven export from the euphotic zone
Respiration below the euphotic zone
Paleoceanography and paleoclimatology
The marine sedimentary record: 0-800 ky
The ice core record: 0-800 ky
Abrupt (millennial-scale) climate change
Advanced topics in marine geochemistry
Marine organic geochemistry
The nature of organic matter
Methods of characterizing organic matter
Major organic carbon compounds as biomarkers
Dissolved organic matter in seawater
Molecular diffusion and reaction rates
Molecular diffusion
Reaction rates
Reaction rate catalysis
Gases and air-water exchange
Air-sea gas transfer models
Measurements of gas exchange rates in nature
Gas saturation in the oceans
Surface films and chemical reactions
The global carbon cycle: interactions between the atmosphere and ocean
The global carbon cycle
The biological and solubility pumps of the ocean
The fate of anthropogenic CO[subscript 2] in the ocean
Chemical reactions in marine sediments
Diagenesis and preservation of organic matter
Diagenesis and preservation of calcium carbonate
Diagenesis and preservation of silica
Diagenesis and preservation of metals
Conclusions
Index

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