Biological Thermodynamics

ISBN-10: 0521711347
ISBN-13: 9780521711340
Edition: 2nd 2008 (Revised)
Authors: Donald T. Haynie
List price: $69.99 Buy it from $21.88
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Description: This inter-disciplinary guide to the thermodynamics of living organisms has been thoroughly revised and updated to provide a uniquely integrated overview of the subject. Retaining its highly readable style, it will serve as an introduction to the  More...

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Book details

List price: $69.99
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2/14/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 440
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

This inter-disciplinary guide to the thermodynamics of living organisms has been thoroughly revised and updated to provide a uniquely integrated overview of the subject. Retaining its highly readable style, it will serve as an introduction to the study of energy transformation in the life sciences and particularly as an accessible means for biology, biochemistry and bioengineering undergraduate students to acquaint themselves with the physical dimension of their subject. The emphasis throughout the text is on understanding basic concepts and developing problem-solving skills. The mathematical difficulty increases gradually by chapter, but no calculus is required. Topics covered include energy and its transformation, the First Law of Thermodynamics, Gibbs free energy, statistical thermodynamics, binding equilibria and reaction kinetics. Each chapter comprises numerous illustrative examples taken from different areas of biochemistry, as well as a broad range of exercises and references for further study.

Preface to the second edition
Energy transformation
Introduction
Distribution of energy
System and surroundings
Animal energy consumption
Carbon, energy, and life
References and further reading
Exercises
The First Law of Thermodynamics
Introduction
Internal energy
Work
The First Law in operation
Enthalpy
Standard state
Some examples from biochemistry
Heat capacity
Energy conservation in the living organism
References and further reading
Exercises
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Introduction
Entropy
Heat engines
Entropy of the universe
Isothermal systems
Protein denaturation
The Third Law and biology
Irreversibility and life
References and further reading
Exercises
Gibbs free energy - theory
Introduction
Equilibrium
Reversible processes
Phase transitions
Chemical potential
Effect of solutes on boiling points and freezing points
Ionic solutions
Equilibrium constant
Standard state in biochemistry
Effect of temperature on K[subscript eq]
Acids and bases
Chemical coupling
Redox reactions
References and further reading
Exercises
Gibbs free energy - applications
Introduction
Photosynthesis, glycolysis, and the citric acid cycle
Oxidative phosphorylation and ATP hydrolysis
Substrate cycling
Osmosis
Dialysis
Donnan equilibrium
Membrane transport
Enzyme-substrate interaction
Molecular pharmacology
Hemoglobin
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
DNA
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Free energy of transfer of amino acids
Protein solubility
Protein stability
Protein dynamics
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and life
References and further reading
Exercises
Statistical thermodynamics
Introduction
Diffusion
Boltzmann distribution
Partition function
Analysis of thermodynamic data
Multi-state equilibria
Protein heat capacity functions
Cooperative transitions
"Interaction" free energy
Helix-coil transition theory
References and further reading
Exercises
Binding equilibria
Introduction
Single-site model
Multiple independent sites
Oxygen transport
Scatchard plots and Hill plots
Allosteric regulation
Proton binding
References and further reading
Exercises
Reaction kinetics
Introduction
Rate of reaction
Rate constant and order of reaction
First-order and second-order reactions
Temperature effects
Collision theory
Transition state theory
Electron transfer kinetics
Enzyme kinetics
Inhibition
Reaction mechanism of lysozyme
Hydrogen exchange
Protein folding and pathological misfolding
Polymerization
Muscle contraction and molecular motors
References and further reading
Exercises
The frontier of biological thermodynamics
Introduction
What is energy?
The laws of thermodynamics and our universe
Thermodynamics of (very) small systems
Formation of the first biological macromolecules
Bacteria
Energy, information, and life
Biology and complexity
The Second Law and evolution
References and further reading
Exercises
Appendices
General references
Biocalorimetry
Useful tables
BASIC program for computing the intrinsic rate of amide hydrogen exchange from the backbone of a polypeptide
Glossary
Index of names
Subject index

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