Physical Principles of Remote Sensing

ISBN-10: 0521669480
ISBN-13: 9780521669481
Edition: 2nd 2001 (Revised)
Authors: W. G. Rees
List price: $90.00
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Description: This new edition textbook explains remote sensing of the Earth's surface and atmosphere from space using electromagnetic radiation. It covers topics such as overviews of electromagnetic propagation in free space and in matter, surface and volume  More...

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Book details

List price: $90.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 9/13/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 360
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.628

This new edition textbook explains remote sensing of the Earth's surface and atmosphere from space using electromagnetic radiation. It covers topics such as overviews of electromagnetic propagation in free space and in matter, surface and volume scattering, the interaction of radiation with the atmosphere, the main classes of sensor, satellite orbits for remote sensing, and an introduction to image processing. Extensively revised and expanded, the second edition contains completely new material, including a discussion of the radiative transfer equation, atmospheric sounding techniques and interferometric radar and a discussion of GPS. Also including numerous problems with solutions, this book forms the basis of an introductory course for students in remote sensing, geography, cartography, surveying, meteorology, earth sciences and environmental sciences. It will also be an essential reference for researchers and a useful supplementary text in some physics, mathematics and engineering courses.

Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Definition and origins of remote sensing
Applications
A systems view of remote sensing
Further reading, and how to obtain data
Electromagnetic waves in free space
Electromagnetic waves
Polarisation
Spectra and the Fourier transform
The Doppler effect
Describing angular distributions of radiation
Thermal radiation
Characteristics of solar radiation
Diffraction
Problems
Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter
Propagation through homogeneous materials
Complex dielectric constants: absorption
Dielectric constants and refractive indices of real materials
Gases
Solids and liquids that are electrical insulators
Metals
Dispersion
Plane boundaries
Scattering from rough surfaces
Description of surface scattering
Simple models of surface scattering
The Rayleigh roughness criterion
Models for microwave backscatter
The small perturbation model
The Kirchhoff model
Other models
Volume scattering
The radiative transfer equation
Absorption and scattering by macroscopic particles
Simple models of volume scattering
Reflection and emission from real materials
Visible and near-infrared region
Emissivities in the thermal infrared region
Emissivities in the microwave region
Microwave backscattering coefficients
Problems
Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with the Earth's atmosphere
Composition and structure of the gaseous atmosphere
Molecular absorption and scattering
Mechanisms of molecular absorption
Molecular scattering
Microscopic particles in the atmosphere: aerosols
Larger particles: fog, cloud, rain and snow
The ionosphere
Atmospheric turbulence
Problems
Photographic systems
Introduction
Photographic film
Film types
Black-and-white film
Infrared film
Colour film
False-colour infrared film
Performance of photographic film: speed, contrast and spatial resolution
Photographic optics
Scale, coverage and ground resolution
Photogrammetry and stereogrammetry
Relief displacement
Stereophotography
Atmospheric propagation
Some instruments
Applications of aerial and space photography
Problems
Electro-optical systems
Introduction
VIR imaging systems
Detectors
Imaging
Spatial resolution
Spectral resolution
Major applications of VIR images
Atmospheric correction
Thermal infrared imagers
Detectors
Imaging
Spatial resolution
Spectral resolution and sensitivity
Major applications of thermal infrared images
Cloud detection
Sea-surface temperature
Thermal inertia
Atmospheric correction of thermal infrared imagery
Some imaging instruments
Atmospheric sounding
Temperature profiling from observations at nadir
Profiling of gas concentrations at nadir
Backscatter observations at nadir
Limb-sounding observations
Spectral resolution for atmospheric sounding observations
Some instruments
Problems
Passive microwave systems
Introduction
Antenna theory
Angular response and spatial resolution
Sensitivity
Scanning radiometers
Major applications of passive microwave radiometry
Oceanographic applications
Land-surface applications
Atmospheric correction
Example: the SSM/I
Atmospheric sounding using passive microwave observations
Problems
Ranging systems
Introduction
Laser profiling
Atmospheric correction of laser profiler data
Radar altimetry
Effect of the Earth's curvature
Effect of coherence: range accuracy
Response from a rough surface
Applications of radar altimetry
Sea-surface topography
Sea-surface roughness
Land and ice-sheet topography
Atmospheric and ionospheric correction of radar altimeter data
Example: the Envisat radar altimeter
Other ranging systems
Problems
Scattering systems
Introduction
Lidar
The radar equation
Microwave scatterometry
Applications of microwave scatterometry
Microwave scatterometry over ocean surfaces
Microwave scatterometry over land surfaces
Example: ASCAT
Real-aperture imaging radar
Image distortions
Instruments and applications
Synthetic aperture radar
More exact treatment of the azimuth resolution
Speckle
Distortions of SAR images
Limitations imposed by ambiguity
SAR interferometry
Major applications of radar imaging
Example: Radarsat
Problems
Platforms for remote sensing
Introduction
Aircraft
Satellites
Launch of satellites
Description of the orbit
Effects of the Earth's asphericity
Special orbits
Geostationary orbits
Molniya orbits
Low Earth orbits
Exactly repeating orbits
Altimetric orbits
Station-keeping and orbital manoeuvres
Decay of orbits and orbital lifetimes
Problems
Data processing
Introduction
Transmission and storage of data
Image processing
Preprocessing
Radiometric correction
Geometric correction
Image enhancement
Contrast modification
Spatial filtering
Band transformations
The principal and canonical components transformations
Image classification
Density slicing and pseudocolour display
Multispectral classification
Texture classification
Error matrices and classification accuracy
Detection of geometric features
Data compression
Problems
The Global Positioning System
Introduction
Space segment
Determination of position
Data tables
Physical constants
Units
Illuminance at the Earth's surface
Properties of the Sun and Earth
Position of the Sun
References
Hints and solutions to numerical problems
Index

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