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Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity Neighbours and Rivals

ISBN-10: 0521614074
ISBN-13: 9780521614078
Edition: 2007
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Description: The foundation of the Sasanian Empire in Persia in AD 224 established a formidable new power on the Roman Empire's eastern frontier, and relations over the next four centuries proved turbulent. This book provides a chronological narrative of their  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 9/13/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 364
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

The foundation of the Sasanian Empire in Persia in AD 224 established a formidable new power on the Roman Empire's eastern frontier, and relations over the next four centuries proved turbulent. This book provides a chronological narrative of their relationship, supported by a substantial collection of translated sources illustrating structural patterns. The political goals of the two sides, their military confrontations and their diplomatic solutions are discussed, as well as the common interests between the two powers. Special attention is given to the situation of Arabia and Armenia, to economic aspects, the protection of the frontiers, the religious life in both empires and the channels of communication between East and West. Considerable attention is also paid to exploring the role played by the Sasanians in the history of the ancient Near East. The book will prove invaluable for students and non-specialists interested in late antiquity and early Byzantium.

?Beate Dignas is Tutor in Ancient History, Somerville College, Oxford University.

List of figures
List of maps
Preface
Abbreviations
Introduction: West and East, friend and foe, counterpart and mirror image...
Narrative
Rome and Iran to the beginning of the third century AD
Rome and the Sasanian Empire: A chronological survey
The third century: The origins of Sasanian interests in the West
The fourth century: The conflict escalates under Sapur II (309-379)
The fifth century: Detente at the Roman Eastern frontier
The sixth century: The Sasanians renew their expansionist policy in the West
The seventh century: Might and decline of Sasanian power
Sources and Contexts
Political goals
Territorial claims of the Sasanians against Rome
Succession to Achaemenid rule as programmatic foreign policy
Warfare
Sasanian armament and tactics
Military confrontations
The third century: Origins of Sasanian interests in the West
Earliest Roman-Sasanian confrontations (230-233)
Sapur I (240-272) at war with Rome
Galerius defeats Narse in the year 298
The fourth century: The conflict escalates under Sapur II (309-379)
Fighting during the reign of Constantius II (337-361)
Julian's Persian War (363)
The fifth century: Detente at the Roman Eastern frontier
Arcadius (383-408) and Yazdgard I (399-420)
Persian confrontations with the Hephthalites
The Sasanian monarchy loses and regains power
The sixth century: The Sasanians renew their expansionist policy in the West
The first Sasanian-Byzantine War (502-532)
The second Sasanian-Byzantine War (540-562)
The third Sasanian-Byzantine War (572-591) and the Persian expansion into South Arabia
The seventh century: Might and decline of Sasanian power
The advance of Xusro II Parvez (602-628)
The diplomatic solutions
The peace treaty of 244 between Philip the Arab and Sapur I
The peace treaty of 298 between Diocletian and Narse
The peace treaty of 363 between Jovian and Sapur II
The peace treaty of 422 between Theodosius II and Bahram V Gor
The peace treaty of 562 between Justinian and Xusro I Anosarvan
The peace treaty of 628 between Heraclius and Kavadh II Seroe
Arabia between the great powers
Hatra
Palmyra
The Arab prince Imru'ulqais between Romans and Sasanians
'Proxy policy': Lahmids and Gassanids
Shared interests: Continuing conflicts
Armenia
Protection of the frontier
Economy and trade
Religion: Christianity and Zoroastrianism
Religion and kingship in the Sasanian Empire
The Sasanian kings as patrons of Zoroastrianism
From Diocletian to Constantine: Religious change in the West and the consequences for Roman-Sasanian relations
The situation of the Persian Christians during the reign of Yazdgard I (399-420)
Religion and politics during the sixth and seventh centuries
Emperor and King of kings
Concepts of 'legitimate rule' and the 'family of kings'
Exchange of information between West and East
Diplomacy and espionage
Deportations: Enforced resettlements of prisoners
Mutual cultural interest
Lists of Sasanian kings and Roman emperors
Chronological table
Glossary
Bibliography
Index of sources
Index of translated sources
Index of names
Index of place names
General index

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