Trouble with the Congo Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding

ISBN-10: 0521156017
ISBN-13: 9780521156011
Edition: 2010
List price: $39.95 Buy it from $23.00
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Book details

List price: $39.95
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 6/14/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 344
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.364
Language: English

S�verine Autesserre is Assistant Professor of Political Science, specializing in International Relations and African Studies, at Barnard College, Columbia University. Autesserre's work has appeared in such publications as Critique Internationale, African Affairs, the New York Times, the International Herald Tribune, Foreign Affairs, International Organization, the Review of African Political Economy, the African Studies Review, the African Security Review, and the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs. Her previous book, The Trouble with the Congo: Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding (Cambridge University Press, 2010), won the 2012 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order and the 2011 Chadwick Alger Prize presented by the International Studies Association to the best book on international organizations and multilateralism. Autessere has won several prestigious fellowships for her work, notably research grants from the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation and the US Institute of Peace.

List of Figures and Tables
Glossary of Acronyms, Names, and Ethnic Terms
Preface and Acknowledgments
The Peacebuilding World
The Puzzle of Poor Strategies
Main Argument
Understanding Peacebuilding Failures
Conventional Explanations
The Inadequacy of Conventional Explanations
Understanding How Culture Shapes Action on the Ground
Methodology
Overview of the Book
A Top-Down Problem
From the Top, Down: A Story
The Dominant Framework of Analysis
Brief Historical Context
National Tensions
Regional Combat
Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources
A �Postconflict� Environment
In the Eastern Provinces, a Hobbesian World
The Missing Leviathan
�Local� Means �Criminal�
An Inherently Violent Country
Conclusion
A Top-Down Solution
Three Shared Understandings
An Impossible Mission
A Top-Down Approach
A �Postconflict� Intervention
The Intervention Tools
The Election Fetish
Working �in Constant Crisis Mode�
Beyond Crises: The Standard, Macro Approach
Conclusion
A Bottom-Up Story
Importance of Local Conflict in Modern Congolese History
Attaining Local Citizenship: Power, Land, and Ethnicity Before the Wars of the 1990s
Local Antagonisms and Violence: What the War Changed
Local Patterns of Violence During the Transition
Social, Political, and Economic Agendas
A Closer Look: Local Dimensions of the Rwandan Hutu Militias' Presence
Understanding the Joint Production of Violence during the Transition
North Kivu: Master Cleavages and Local Alliances
South Kivu: Progressively Autonomous Local Agendas
North Katanga: Uncontrolled Militias Rejecting National Control
Ituri: The Primacy of Land
Conclusion: The Need for Local Peacebuilding Programs
The Defeat of Bottom-Up Solutions
A Potential Local Conflict-Resolution Strategy
Contestation and Opportunities for Change
The Limited Attempts of Nongovernmental Organizations
Fleeting Scheme by MONUC
Rare Initiatives by Diplomatic Missions
The Standard Approach of Other International Organizations
The Ituri Case
Understanding the Exceptions
Organizational Subcultures
Shocking Events and Increased Intervention
Understanding Failures
The Defeat of Contestation
The Limited Impact of Shocking Events
Constructing Constraints
Bureaucratic Structures and Available Expertise
Congolese Sovereignty
Mandate �Constraints�
Contextual�Constraints�
A Vicious Circle
Conclusion
Beyond the Congo
Why Did the International Intervention Fail to Help the Congo Build Peace and Democracy?
The Intervention's Meager Results
Was the International Intervention Truly a Failure?
The Drawbacks of the Electoral Tool
Toward a New Understanding of Peacebuilding Failures
Beyond the Congo, Beyond Africa
Achieving Peacebuilding Success: The Need for Bottom-Up Approaches
Top-Down Understanding, Local �Criminality,� and the Normality of Widespread Violence
Top-Down Understanding of the Interveners' Role
Vicious Circles and Shocking Events
Policy Recommendations
Facilitate Cultural Change
Develop Expertise and Bureaucratic Structures for Local Peacebuilding
Work through Local Actors Whenever Possible; Intervene Directly if Necessary
Conceive of Local Peacebuilding as a Part of the Broader Task of Peace- and State-Building
Consider a New Approach to Postconflict Intervention
Conclusion: Transforming the Peacebuilding World
Appendix - Chronology
Bibliography
Index

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